1700-1749 Queen Anne Accedes

1712 Hamilton–Mohun Duel

1701 Death of King James II

1702 Capture of Venlo Roermond Stevensweert and Liège

1702 General Election

1702 Death of King William III

1702 Queen Anne Accession

Aug 1702 West Indies Action

1702 Parliament 1A1

1702 Battle of Vigo Bay

1703 Death of Samuel Pepys

1704 Battle of Schellenberg

1704 Capture of Gibraltar

1704 Battle of Blenheim

1704 Battle of Malaga

1705 General Election

1705 Siege of Barcelona

1705 Death of Catherine of Braganza Dowager Queen Consort

1706 Battle of Ramilles

1707 Scilly Naval Disaster

1708 General Election

1708 Battle of Oudenarde

1708 Siege of Lille

1709 Battle of Malplaquet

1710 General Election

1710 Battle of Briheuga

1711 Smallpox Epidemic

1712 Harley's Dozen

1712 French Royal Family Deaths

1713 General Election

1714 Death of Queen Anne

1714 Coronation George I

1715 General Election

1715 Battle of Preston

1715 Battle of Sheriffmuir

1717 Indemnity Act

1722 General Election

1727 General Election

1727 Funeral of Isaac Newton

1727 Coronation of George II

1729 Exchange of the Princesses

1733 Excise Crisis

1734 General Election

1735 Great Storm

1741 General Election

1741 Battle of Cartgenas

1743 Battle of Dettingen

1745 Annesley vs Lord Anglesey Case

1745 Battle of Fontenoy

1745 Battle of Prestonpans

1746 Battle of Culloden

1747 General Election

1747 Battle of Lauffeld

1748 Attack on Port Louis

1748 Battle of Santiago de Cuba

1752 Creation of Knights

1752 Marriage of James Duke Hamilton and Elizabeth Gunning

1752 Date Change

1754 General Election

1758 Battle of Carillon

1759 Battle of Minden

1760 Trial and Execution of Earl Ferrers

1760 Battle of Warburg

1700-1749 Queen Anne Accedes is in 18th Century Events.

1701 Death of King James II

John Evelyn's Diary 02 September 1701. 02 Sep 1701. I went to Kensington, and saw the house, plantations, and gardens, the work of Mr. Wise, who was there to receive me.

The death of King James (67), happening on the 15th of this month, N. S., after two or three days' indisposition, put an end to that unhappy Prince's troubles, after a short and unprosperous reign, indiscreetly attempting to bring in Popery, and make himself absolute, in imitation of the French, hurried on by the impatience of the Jesuits; which the nation would not endure.

Died the Earl of Bath (73), whose contest with Lord Montague (40) about the Duke of Albemarle's (92) estate, claiming under a will supposed to have been forged, is said to have been worth £10,000 to the lawyers. His eldest son (40) shot himself a few days after his father's death; for what cause is not clear. He was a most hopeful young man, and had behaved so bravely against the Turks at the siege of Vienna, that the Emperor made him a Count of the Empire. It was falsely reported that Sir Edward Seymour (68) was dead, a great man; he had often been Speaker, Treasurer of the Navy, and in many other lucrative offices. He was of a hasty spirit, not at all sincere, but head of the party at any time prevailing in Parliament.

Before 1694 John Michael Wright 1617-1694. Portrait of King James II when Duke of York. Around 1666 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of King James II and Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671. See Diary of Samuel Pepys 24 March 1666. Before 04 Jan 1674 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of King James II wearing his Garter Robes. Around 1672 Henri Gascar Painter 1635-1701. Portrait of King James II. Before 03 Jan 1670  Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of George Monck 1st Duke Albemarle 1608-1670. Before 03 Jan 1670 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of George Monck 1st Duke Albemarle 1608-1670 in his Garter Robes.

On 16 Sep 1701 King James II (67) died at Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye, Saint-Germain-en-Laye, Yvelines. He was buried in the Church of the English Benedictines.

1702 Death of King William III

John Evelyn's Diary 08 March 1702. 08 Mar 1702. The King (51) had a fall from his horse, and broke his collar bone, and having been much indisposed before, and aguish, with a long cough and other weakness, died this Sunday morning, about four o'clock.

I carried my accounts of Greenwich Hospital to the Committee.

Around 1680 Willem Wissing Painter 1656-1687. Portrait of King William III of England, Scotland and Ireland 1650-1702 wearing his Garter Collar.

1702 General Election

In 1702 Thomas Coke 1674-1727 (27) was elected MP Derbyshire at the 1702 General Election.

Before 1727. Michael Dahl Painter 1659-1743. Portrait of Thomas Coke 1674-1727.

Queen Anne Accession

On 23 Apr 1702 Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714 (37) was crowned I King England Scotland and Ireland at Westminster Abbey by Thomas Tenison Archbishop of Canterbury 1636-1715 (65).

In 1703 John Closterman Painter 1660-1711. Portrait of Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714. Before 24 May 1711 John Closterman Painter 1660-1711. Possibly school of. Portrait of Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714. In 1686 Willem Wissing Painter 1656-1687. Portrait of Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714. Around 1705. Michael Dahl Painter 1659-1743. Portrait of Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714.

Parliament 1A1

On 20 Aug 1702 William Bowes 1657-1707 (45) was elected MP Durham during the Parliament 1A1.

1702 Capture of Venlo Roermond Stevensweert and Liège

In 1702 at the commencement of the War of the Spanish Succession the Allied Army commanded by John Churchill 1st Duke Marlborough 1650-1722 (51) captured Venlo, Roermond, Stevensweert and Liège.

Before 24 May 1711 John Closterman Painter 1660-1711. Portrait of John Churchill 1st Duke Marlborough 1650-1722. Before 24 May 1711 John Closterman Painter 1660-1711. Portrait of John Churchill 1st Duke Marlborough 1650-1722 known as The Triumph of the John, 1st Duke of Marlborough. In 1702. Michael Dahl Painter 1659-1743. Portrait of John Churchill 1st Duke Marlborough 1650-1722. Before 1744 Enoch

John Evelyn's Diary 01 December 1702. 01 Dec 1702. The expectation now is, what treasure will be found on breaking bulk of the galleon brought from Vigo by Sir George Rooke (52), which being made up in an extraordinary manner in the hold, was not begun to be opened till the fifth of this month, before two of the Privy Council, two of the chief magistrates of the city, and the Lord Treasurer (57).

After the excess of honor conferred by the Queen (37) on the Earl of Marlborough (52), by making him a Knight of the Garter and a Duke, for the success of but one campaign, that he should desire £5,000 a year to be settled on him by Parliament out of the Post Office, was thought a bold and unadvised request, as he had, besides his own considerable estate, above £30,000 a year in places and employments, with £50,000 at interest. He had married one daughter (21) to the son (24) of my Lord Treasurer Godolphin (57), another (19) to the Earl of Sunderland (27), and a third (15) to the Earl of Bridgewater (21). He is a very handsome person, well-spoken and affable, and supports his (52) want of acquired knowledge by keeping good company.

Around 1707. Michael Dahl Painter 1659-1743. Portrait of Admiral George Rooke 1650-1709 (copied from an original). In 1703 John Closterman Painter 1660-1711. Portrait of Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714. Before 24 May 1711 John Closterman Painter 1660-1711. Possibly school of. Portrait of Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714. In 1686 Willem Wissing Painter 1656-1687. Portrait of Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714. Around 1705. Michael Dahl Painter 1659-1743. Portrait of Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714. 1730. Joseph Highmore Painter 1692-1780. Portrait of Francis Godolphin 2nd Earl Godolphin 1678-1766. Around 1725 Johnathan

Aug 1702 West Indies Action

Aug 1702. The Aug 1702 West Indies Action was a naval engagement between the English West-Indies Fleet commanded by Vice Admiral John Benbow 1653-1702 (49) and the French Fleet commanded by Admiral Jean du Casse 1646-1715 (55). The action lasted five days during with the English eventually being beaten off and Vice Admiral John Benbow 1653-1702 (49) being mortally wounded. The action was notable for a number of English ships refusing to engage with the French. Following the action the English Fleet returned to Port Royal where a number of captains were court-martialed for cowardice and disobedience. Found guilty Captains Richard Kirkby and Copper Wade were returned to Plymouth where they were shot aboard Bristol in the presence of other officers. Captain Constable was cleared of the charge of cowardice, but was convicted on other charges and cashiered. Captain Hudson died before he could be tried. Captains Fogg and Vincent were charged with having signed a paper with the other captains of the squadron, stating they would not fight, but they represented this as a device to keep Captain Kirkby from deserting; Benbow testifying in their favour, they were merely suspended.

Benbow's (49) leg was amputated; but a fever developed. On 04 Nov 1702 he died.

Around 1682 Thomas Murray Painter 1663-1735. Portrait of Edward Russell 1st Earl Orford 1653-1727 and Captain John Benbow, and Admiral Ralph Delavall .

John Evelyn's Diary 01 January 1703. 01 Jan 1703. News of Vice-Admiral Benbow's (49) conflict with the French fleet in the West Indies, in which he gallantly behaved himself, and was wounded, and would have had extraordinary success, had not four of his men-of-war stood spectators without coming to his assistance; for this, two of their commanders were tried by a Council of War, and executed; a third was condemned to perpetual imprisonment, loss of pay, and incapacity to serve in future. The fourth died.

Sir Richard Onslow (48) and Mr. Oglethorpe (son of the late Sir Theo. O.) fought on occasion of some words which passed at a committee of the House. Mr. Oglethorpe was disarmed. The Bill against occasional conformity was lost by one vote. Corn and provisions so cheap that the farmers are unable to pay their rents.

Around 1680 Godfrey Kneller 1646-1723. Portrait of Richard Onslow 1st Baron Onslow 1654-1717.

1702 Battle of Vigo Bay

On 23 Oct 1702 the Battle of Vigo Bay was a naval engagement at which the English fleet captured or sank the Spanish Treasure fleet.

John Evelyn's Diary 01 December 1702. 01 Dec 1702. The expectation now is, what treasure will be found on breaking bulk of the galleon brought from Vigo by Sir George Rooke (52), which being made up in an extraordinary manner in the hold, was not begun to be opened till the fifth of this month, before two of the Privy Council, two of the chief magistrates of the city, and the Lord Treasurer (57).

After the excess of honor conferred by the Queen (37) on the Earl of Marlborough (52), by making him a Knight of the Garter and a Duke, for the success of but one campaign, that he should desire £5,000 a year to be settled on him by Parliament out of the Post Office, was thought a bold and unadvised request, as he had, besides his own considerable estate, above £30,000 a year in places and employments, with £50,000 at interest. He had married one daughter (21) to the son (24) of my Lord Treasurer Godolphin (57), another (19) to the Earl of Sunderland (27), and a third (15) to the Earl of Bridgewater (21). He is a very handsome person, well-spoken and affable, and supports his (52) want of acquired knowledge by keeping good company.

Around 1707. Michael Dahl Painter 1659-1743. Portrait of Admiral George Rooke 1650-1709 (copied from an original). In 1703 John Closterman Painter 1660-1711. Portrait of Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714. Before 24 May 1711 John Closterman Painter 1660-1711. Possibly school of. Portrait of Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714. In 1686 Willem Wissing Painter 1656-1687. Portrait of Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714. Around 1705. Michael Dahl Painter 1659-1743. Portrait of Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714. Before 24 May 1711 John Closterman Painter 1660-1711. Portrait of John Churchill 1st Duke Marlborough 1650-1722. Before 24 May 1711 John Closterman Painter 1660-1711. Portrait of John Churchill 1st Duke Marlborough 1650-1722 known as The Triumph of the John, 1st Duke of Marlborough. In 1702. Michael Dahl Painter 1659-1743. Portrait of John Churchill 1st Duke Marlborough 1650-1722. Before 1744 Enoch 1730. Joseph Highmore Painter 1692-1780. Portrait of Francis Godolphin 2nd Earl Godolphin 1678-1766. Around 1725 Johnathan

1703 Death of Samuel Pepys

John Evelyn's Diary 26 May 1703. 26 May 1703. This day died Mr. Samuel Pepys (70), a very worthy, industrious and curious person, none in England exceeding him in knowledge of the navy, in which he had passed through all the most considerable offices, Clerk of the Acts and Secretary of the Admiralty, all which he performed with great integrity. When King James II went out of England, he laid down his office, and would serve no more; but withdrawing himself from all public affairs, he lived at Clapham with his partner, Mr. Hewer (61), formerly his clerk, in a very noble house and sweet place, where he enjoyed the fruit of his labors in great prosperity. He was universally beloved, hospitable, generous, learned in many things, skilled in music, a very great cherisher of learned men of whom he had the conversation. His library and collection of other curiosities were of the most considerable, the models of ships especially. Besides what he published of an account of the navy, as he found and left it, he had for divers years under his hand the History of the Navy, or Navalia, as he called it; but how far advanced, and what will follow of his, is left, I suppose, to his sister's (62) son, Mr. Jackson (30), a young gentleman, whom Mr. Pepys had educated in all sorts of useful learning, sending him to travel abroad, from whence he returned with extraordinary accomplishments, and worthy to be heir. Mr. Pepys had been for near forty years so much my particular friend, that Mr. Jackson sent me complete mourning, desiring me to be one to hold up the pall at his magnificent obsequies; but my indisposition hindered me from doing him this last office.

In 1666. John Hayls Painter 1600-1679. Portrait of Samuel Pepys Diarist 1633-1703. See Diary of Samuel Pepys 14 February 1666, Diary of Samuel Pepys 17 March 1666, Diary of Samuel Pepys 23 March 1666, Diary of Samuel Pepys 28 March 1666, Diary of Samuel Pepys 30 March 1666, Diary of Samuel Pepys 04 April 1666, Diary of Samuel Pepys 06 April 1666, Diary of Samuel Pepys 11 April 1666, Diary of Samuel Pepys 20 April 1666, Diary of Samuel Pepys 16 May 1666. In 1689 Godfrey Kneller 1646-1723. Portrait of Samuel Pepys Diarist 1633-1703. In 1689 Godfrey Kneller 1646-1723. Portrait of William Hewer 1642-1715.

On 26 May 1703 Samuel Pepys Diarist 1633-1703 (70) died.

Capture of Gibraltar

On 01 Aug 1704 Admiral George Rooke 1650-1709 (54) attacked Gibraltar both by sea and by land (commanded by Prince George of Hesse Darmstadt 1669-1705 (35)). After the three days of fighting the Spanish surrendered.

Around 1707. Michael Dahl Painter 1659-1743. Portrait of Admiral George Rooke 1650-1709 (copied from an original).

1704 Battle of Blenheim

On 13 Aug 1704 John Mordaunt 1681-1710 (23) fought losing his left-arm at Blenheim during the Battle of Blenheim.

Major Richard Creed -1704 was killed in action.

John Evelyn's Diary 07 September 1704. 07 Sep 1704. This day was celebrated the thanksgiving for the late great victory, with the utmost pomp and splendor by the Queen (39), Court, great Officers, Lords Mayor, Sheriffs, Companies, etc. The streets were scaffolded from Temple Bar, where the Lord Mayor presented her Majesty (74) with a sword, which she returned. Every company was ranged under its banners, the city militia without the rails, which were all hung with cloth suitable to the color of the banner. The Lord Mayor, Sheriffs, and Aldermen were in their scarlet robes, with caparisoned horses; the Knight Marshal on horseback; the Foot-Guards; the Queen (39) in a rich coach with eight horses, none with her but the Duchess of Marlborough (44) in a very plain garment, the Queen (39) full of jewels. Music and trumpets at every city company. The great officers of the Crown, Nobility, and Bishops, all in coaches with six horses, besides innumerable servants, went to St. Paul's, where the Dean preached. After this, the Queen (39) went back in the same order to St. James's. The city companies feasted all the Nobility and Bishops, and illuminated at night. Music for the church and anthems composed by the best masters. The day before was wet and stormy, but this was one of the most serene and calm days that had been all the year.

In 1703 John Closterman Painter 1660-1711. Portrait of Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714. Before 24 May 1711 John Closterman Painter 1660-1711. Possibly school of. Portrait of Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714. In 1686 Willem Wissing Painter 1656-1687. Portrait of Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714. Around 1705. Michael Dahl Painter 1659-1743. Portrait of Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714. Around 1642. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646. Portrait of the future Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. Before 1691. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. Around 1665 John Greenhill Painter 1644-1676. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 in his Garter Robes. Around 1661 John Michael Wright 1617-1694. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 in his coronation robes. Before 11 Jul 1671 Adriaen Hanneman Painter 1603-1671. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. 1675. Hendrick Danckerts Painter 1625-1680. Portrait of Royal Gardener John Rose presenting a pineappel to King Charles II Before 24 May 1711 John Closterman Painter 1660-1711. Possibly school of. Portrait of Sarah Jennings Duchess Marlborough 1660-1744. Before 02 Nov 1739 Charles Jervas Painter 1675-1739. Portrait of Sarah Jennings Duchess Marlborough 1660-1744.

Battle of Malaga

On 24 Aug 1704 the largest naval of the War of the Spanish Sucession was fought at Vélez Málaga a week after the capture of Gibraltar by the British.

Battle of Schellenberg

On 02 Jul 1704 John Mordaunt 1681-1710 (23) fought at Donauwörth during the Battle of Schellenberg.

1705 General Election

On 1705 Samuel Garrard 4th Baronet 1650-1724 (55) was elected MP Amersham in the 1705 General Election.

In 1705 Thomas Coke 1674-1727 (30) was elected MP Derbyshire at the 1705 General Election.

Before 1727. Michael Dahl Painter 1659-1743. Portrait of Thomas Coke 1674-1727.

1707 Scilly Naval Disaster

On 22 Oct 1707 Rear-Admiral Cloudesley Shovell 1650-1707 (56) drowned.

The 1707 Scilly Naval Disaster was the loss of four warships of a Royal Navy fleet off the Scilly Isles in severe weather on 22 Oct 1707. Around 1,700 sailors lost their lives; one of the worst maritime disasters in British naval history.

Siege of Barcelona

Between 14 Sep 1705 and 19 Oct 1705 a multinational Grand Alliance army led by Lord Peterborough (47) captured the city of Barcelona from its Spanish defenders, most of whom then joined the Grand Aliance army.

On 13 Sep 1705 Prince George of Hesse Darmstadt 1669-1705 (36) was killed.

Around 1685 Godfrey Kneller 1646-1723. Portrait of Charles Mordaunt 3rd Earl Peterborough 1st Earl Monmouth 1658-1735.

Death of Catherine of Braganza Dowager Queen Consort

On 31 Dec 1705 Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705 (67) died at the Bemposta Palace some twenty years after the death of her husband Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (75). She was buried at Monastery of São Vicente de Fora.

Before 1687 Pieter Borsseler Painter 1634-1687. Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705. Around 1663 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Eleanor Needham Baroness Byron 1627-1664 depicted as Saint Catherine of Alexandria in a guise probably intended to flatter Charles II's Queen, Catherine of Braganza. Accordingly she carries the martyr's palm branch and leans upon a wheel. The sitter looks to two putti in the upper left, one of whom holds a wreath of bay leaves above her head. She is wearing a copper-red dress with a richly decorated blue mantle about her arms. Around 1665 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705. Around 1670 Jacob Huysmans Painter 1633-1696. Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705. Before 1696 Jacob Huysmans Painter 1633-1696. Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705. Before 1696 Jacob Huysmans Painter 1633-1696. Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705. Around 1642. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646. Portrait of the future Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. Before 1691. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. Around 1665 John Greenhill Painter 1644-1676. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 in his Garter Robes. Around 1661 John Michael Wright 1617-1694. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 in his coronation robes. Before 11 Jul 1671 Adriaen Hanneman Painter 1603-1671. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. 1675. Hendrick Danckerts Painter 1625-1680. Portrait of Royal Gardener John Rose presenting a pineappel to King Charles II

Battle of Ramilles

On 23 May 1706 Arnold Keppel 1st Earl Albermarle 1670-1718 (36) was present at Ramilles during the Battle of Ramilles.

Colonel James Gardiner 1688-1745 (18) was shot through the mouth and nearly killed by a French soldier who had returned to plunder the dead. However, Gardiner was spared after being mistaken for a French soldier.

1708 General Election

On 1708 Samuel Garrard 4th Baronet 1650-1724 (58) was elected MP Amersham in the 1708 General Election.

In 1708 Thomas Coke 1674-1727 (33) was elected MP Derbyshire at the 1708 General Election.

Before 1727. Michael Dahl Painter 1659-1743. Portrait of Thomas Coke 1674-1727.

Battle of Oudenarde

On 11 Jul 1708 Arnold Keppel 1st Earl Albermarle 1670-1718 (38) was present at Oudenaarde during the Battle of Oudenarde.

Siege of Lille

After 11 Jul 1708 Arnold Keppel 1st Earl Albermarle 1670-1718 distinguished himself at Lille during the Siege of Lille.

Battle of Malplaquet

On 11 Sep 1709 at the Battle of Maplaquet Colonel Edmund Revett -1709 and John Murray 1684-1709 (25) were killed.

1710 General Election

In 1710 Robert Furnese 2nd Baronet Waldershare 1687-1733 (22) was elected MP New Romney during the 1710 General Election.

In 1710 Thomas Coke 1674-1727 (35) was elected MP Grampound at the 1710 General Election.

Before 1727. Michael Dahl Painter 1659-1743. Portrait of Thomas Coke 1674-1727.

In 1710 Thomas Frankland 3rd Baronet Thirkleby 1685-1747 (25) was elected MP Harwich during the 1710 General Election.

Battle of Briheuga

On 09 Dec 1710 the Battle of Briheuga was concluded at Brihuega Guadalajara Spain. The British rearguard under Lord Stanhope (37) was surrounded in Brihuega by a Franco-Spanish army under Duc de Vendôme (56). James Stanhope 1st Earl Stanhope 1673-1721 (37) surrendered once Vendôme's men had breached the town. The British troops were released and returned home in Oct 1711.

1711 Smallpox Epidemic

In 1711 William Henry Osborne 1690-1711 (21) died of smallpox in Utrecht.

In 1711 Joseph I Holy Roman Emperor 1678-1711 (32) died of smallpox.

On 14 Apr 1711 Louis "Le Grand Dauphin" Bourbon Duke Burgundy 1661-1711 (49) died of smallpox. Louis Bourbon Duke Burgundy 1682-1712 (28) was appointed Duke Burgundy and Dauphin.

On 17 May 1711 William Henry Granville 3rd Earl of Bath 1692–1711 (19) died of smallpox. Earl Bath 3C 1661 extinct.

Harley's Dozen

On 01 Jan 1712 Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714 (46), on behalf of Robert Harley 1st Earl Oxford and Earl Mortimer 1661-1724 (50), created a number of new Baronies to balance power in Parliament, known as Harley's Dozen, ...

Allen Bathurst 1st Earl Bathurst Sussex 1684-1775 (27) was created 1st Baron Bathurst.

Charles Bruce 4th Earl Elgin 3rd Earl Ailesbury 1682-1747 (29) was created 1st Baron Bruce.

James Compton 5th Earl of Northampton 1687-1754 (24) by writ of acceleration 6th Baron Compton.

Thomas Foley 1st Baron Foley 1673-1733 (38) was created 1st Baron Foley 1C 1712.

George Granville 1st Baron Lansdowne 1666-1735 (45) was created 1st Baron Lansdowne of Bideford in Devon. Mary Villiers Baroness Lansdowne -1736 by marriage Baroness Lansdowne of Bideford in Devon.

George Henry Hay 8th Earl Kinnoull 1689-1758 (22) was created 1st Baron Hay of Pedwardine in Herefordshire.

Thomas Mansel 1st Baron Mansel 1668-1723 (44) was created 1st Baron Mansel of Margam. Martha Millington Baroness Mansel by marriage Baroness Mansel of Margam.

Samuel Masham 1st Baron Masham 1679-1758 (33) was created 1st Baron Masham.

Henry Paget 1st Earl Uxbridge 1663-1743 (48) was created 1st Baron Burton.

Thomas Trevor 1st Baron Trevor Bromham 1658-1730 (53) was created 1st Baron Trevor Bromham.

Thomas Willoughby 1st Baron Middleton 1672-1729 (39) was created 1st Baron Middleton. Elizabeth Rothwell Baroness Willoughby Broke Baroness Middleton by marriage Baroness Willoughby Broke, Baron Middleton.

Thomas Windsor 1st Viscount Windsor 1670-1738 (42) was created 1st Baron Mountjoy 3C 1712.

In 1703 John Closterman Painter 1660-1711. Portrait of Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714. Before 24 May 1711 John Closterman Painter 1660-1711. Possibly school of. Portrait of Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714. In 1686 Willem Wissing Painter 1656-1687. Portrait of Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714. Around 1705. Michael Dahl Painter 1659-1743. Portrait of Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714. In 1711 Godfrey Kneller 1646-1723. Portrait of Robert Harley 1st Earl Oxford and Earl Mortimer 1661-1724. Before 1724 Johnathan Around 1710 Thomas Murray Painter 1663-1735. Portrait of Thomas Trevor 1st Baron Trevor Bromham 1658-1730.

French Royal Family Deaths

On 12 Feb 1712 Maria Adelaide Savoy 1685-1712 (26) died of measles at Versailles.

On 18 Feb 1712 Louis Bourbon Duke Burgundy 1682-1712 (29) died of measles contracted when nursing his wife Maria Adelaide Savoy 1685-1712 (26) who had died six days previously.

On 08 Mar 1712, their eldest son, heir to the throne, Louis Bourbon Duke Brittany 1707-1712 (5) died of measles.

The heir to the French throne their only remaining son Louis (1), aged two, great-grandson of the reigning monarch Louis "Sun King" XIV King France 1638-1715 (73) succeeded his great-grandfather three years later in 1715.

1710.Pierre Gobert Painter 1662-1744. Portrait of Maria Adelaide Savoy 1685-1712. 1715.Jean Ranc Painter 1674-1735. Portrait of Louis XV King France 1710-1774.

Hamilton–Mohun Duel

Diary of Samuel Pepys 21 February 1668. 21 Feb 1668. Thence with Brouncker and T. Harvey to Westminster Hall, and there met with Colonel Birch (52) and Sir John Lowther, and did there in the lobby read over what I have drawn up for our defence, wherein they own themselves mightily satisfied; and Birch (52), like a particular friend, do take it upon him to defend us, and do mightily do me right in all his discourse. Here walked in the Hall with him a great while, and discoursed with several members, to prepare them in our business against to-morrow, and meeting my cozen Roger Pepys (50), he showed me Granger's written confession1, of his being forced by imprisonment, &c., by my Lord Gerard (50), most barbarously to confess his forging of a deed in behalf of Fitton (38), in the great case between him [Fitton] and my Lord Gerard (50); which business is under examination, and is the foulest against my Lord Gerard (50) that ever any thing in the world was, and will, all do believe, ruine him; and I shall be glad of it.

Note 1. Pepys here refers to the extraordinary proceedings which occurred between Charles, Lord Gerard (50), and Alexander Fitton (38), of which a narrative was published at the Hague in 1665. Granger was a witness in the cause, and was afterwards said to be conscience-stricken from his perjury. Some notice of this case will be found in North's "Examen", p. 558; but the copious and interesting note in Ormerod's "History of Cheshire", Vol. iii., p. 291, will best satisfy the reader, who will not fail to be struck by the paragraph with which it is closed-viz., "It is not improbable that Alexander Fitton (38), who, in the first instance, gained rightful possession of Gawsworth under an acknowledged settlement, was driven headlong into unpremeditated guilt by the production of a revocation by will which Lord Gerard (50) had so long concealed. Having lost his own fortune in the prosecution of his claims, he remained in gaol till taken out by James II to be made Chancellor of Ireland (under which character Hume first notices him), was knighted, and subsequently created Lord Gawsworth after the abdication of James, sat in his parliament in Dublin in 1689, and then is supposed to have accompanied his fallen master to France. Whether the conduct of Fitton was met, as he alleges, by similar guilt on the part of Lord Gerard (50), God only can judge; but his hand fell heavily on the representatives of that noble house. In less than half a century the husbands of its two co-heiresses, James, Duke of Hamilton (9), and Charles, Lord Mohun, were slain by each other's hands in a murderous duel arising out of a dispute relative to the partition of the Fitton estates, and Gawsworth itself passed to an unlineal hand, by a series of alienations complicated beyond example in the annals of this country". B. Hamilton–Mohun Duel.

On 12 Nov 1712 Charles Mohun 4th Baron Mohun Okehampton 1675-1712 (37) duelled with James Hamilton 4th Duke Hamilton 1st Duke Brandon 1658-1712 (54) at Hyde Park over a legal dispute about the estate and inheritance of the late Earl Macclesfield 1C 1679.

Mohun had married Charlotte Orby Baroness Mohun Okehampton grand-daughter of Charles Gerard 1st Earl Macclesfield 1618-1694 (94). James Hamilton 4th Duke Hamilton 1st Duke Brandon 1658-1712 (54) had married Elizabeth Gerard Duchess Brandon 1680-1743 (32).

On 15 Nov 1712 James Hamilton 4th Duke Hamilton 1st Duke Brandon 1658-1712 (54) died from wounds received duelling. James Hamilton 5th Duke Hamilton 2nd Duke Brandon 1703-1743 (9) succeeded 5th Duke Hamilton, 2nd Duke Brandon of Suffolk, 2nd Baron Dutton of Cheshire.

On 15 Nov 1712 Charles Mohun 4th Baron Mohun Okehampton 1675-1712 (37) died from wounds received duelling; his father had died the same way.

1713 General Election

In 1713 John Eden 2nd Baronet 1677-1728 (35) was elected MP County Durham unopposed succeeding his father at the 1713 General Election.

In 1713 John Rushout 4th Baronet 1685-1775 (27) stood for MP Evesham without success at the 1713 General Election.

In 1715 Godfrey Kneller 1646-1723. Portrait of John Rushout 4th Baronet 1685-1775.

On 22 Aug 1713 Leonard Smelt 1683-1740 (30) was elected MP Northallerton during the 1713 General Election.

On 22 Aug 1713 Thomas Frankland 3rd Baronet Thirkleby 1685-1747 (28) was elected MP Thirsk during the 1713 General Election.

Death of Queen Anne

Coronation George I

On 20 Oct 1714 King George I of Great Britain and Ireland 1660-1727 (54) was crowned I King Great Britain and Ireland at Westminster Abbey by Thomas Tenison Archbishop of Canterbury 1636-1715 (78).

Charles Fitzroy 2nd Duke Grafton 1683-1757 (30) was appointed Lord High Steward.

Before 1727. Michael Dahl Painter 1659-1743. Portrait of King George I of Great Britain and Ireland 1660-1727.

1715 General Election

In 1715 John Eden 2nd Baronet 1677-1728 (37) was elected MP County Durham unopposed at the 1715 General Election.

Between 22 Jan 1715 and 09 Mar 1715 the 1715 General Election was held. The election had been caused by George I's (54) succession. The Whig party, which supported George I (54), won an overwhelming majority.

John Rushout 4th Baronet 1685-1775 (29) was elected MP Malmesbury.

Leonard Smelt 1683-1740 (32) was elected MP Northallerton.

Thomas Frankland 3rd Baronet Thirkleby 1685-1747 (30) was elected MP Thirsk.

George Carpenter 1st Baron Carpenter 1657-1732 (57) was elected MP Whitchurch.

Before 1727. Michael Dahl Painter 1659-1743. Portrait of King George I of Great Britain and Ireland 1660-1727. In 1715 Godfrey Kneller 1646-1723. Portrait of John Rushout 4th Baronet 1685-1775.

Battle of Sheriffmuir

On 13 Nov 1715 John Lyon 5th Earl Strathmore and Kinghorne 1696-1715 (19) was killed at Sheriffmuir during the Battle of Sheriffmuir fighting for the Jacobites. Charles Lyon 6th Earl Strathmore and Kinghorne 1699-1728 (16) succeeded 6th Earl Strathmore and Kinghorne.

1715 Battle of Preston

The 1715 Battle of Preston was the final action of the 1715 Jacobite Rebellion. It commenced on 09 Nov 1715 when Jacobite cavalry entered Preston. Royalist troops arrived in number over the next few days surrounding Preston forcing the Jaocbite surrender. 1463 were taken prisoner of which 463 were English. The Scottish prisoners included:

George Seton 5th Earl of Winton 1678-1749 (37). The only prisoner to plead not guilty, sentenced to death, escaped from the Tower of London on 04 Aug 1716 around nine in the evening. Travelled to France then to Rome.

On 24 Feb 1716 William Gordon 6th Viscount Kenmure 1672-1716 was beheaded on Tower Hill.

William Maxwell 5th Earl Nithsale 1676-1744. On 09 Feb 1716 he was sentenced to be executed on 24 Feb 1716. The night before his wife (35) effected his escape from the Tower of London by exchanging his clothes with those of her maid. They travelled to Paris then to Rome where the court of James "Old Pretender" Stewart 1688-1766 (26) was.

James Radclyffe 3rd Earl Derwentwater 1689-1716 (25) was imprisoned in the Tower of London. He was examined by the Privy Council on 10 Jan 1716 and impeached on 19 Jan 1716. He pleaded guilty in the expectation of clemency. He was attainted and condemned to death. Attempts were made to procure his pardon. His wife Anna Maria Webb Countess Derwentwater 1692-1723 (23), her sister Mary Webb Countess Waldegrave 1695-1719 (20) [Note. Assumed to be her sister Mary], their aunt Anne Brudenell Duchess Richmond 1671-1722 (44), Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709 (74) appealed to King George I of Great Britain and Ireland 1660-1727 (54) in person without success. On 24 Feb 1716 James Radclyffe 3rd Earl Derwentwater 1689-1716 (25) was beheaded on Tower Hill.

William Murray 2nd Lord Nairne 1665-1726 was tried on 09 Feb 1716 for treason, found guilty, attainted, and condemned to death. He survived long enough to benefit from the Indemnity Act of 1717.

On 14 May 1716 Henry Oxburgh -1716 was hanged, drawn and quartered at Tyburn. He was buried at Church of St Gile's in the Fields. His head was spiked on Temple Bar.

The trials and sentences were overseen by the Lord High Steward William Cowper 1st Earl Cowper 1665-1723 (50) for which he subsequently received his Earldom.

Around 1698. Francois de Troy Painter 1645-1730. Portrait of James Before 07 Nov 1666. William Faithorne Before 1694 John Michael Wright 1617-1694. Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709. Around 1664 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709 and her son Charles Fitzroy 1st Duke Southampton as Madonna and Child. Around 1666 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709. One of the Windsor Beauties. Before 07 Dec 1680 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709. Before 07 Dec 1680 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709. Around 1690 Jacob Huysmans Painter 1633-1696. Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709. Before 01 Jan 1701 Henri Gascar Painter 1635-1701. Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709. Before 1727. Michael Dahl Painter 1659-1743. Portrait of King George I of Great Britain and Ireland 1660-1727. Before 1723 Johnathan

1717 Indemnity Act

The 1717 Indemnity Act freed a large number of prisoners including hundreds of Jacobite supporters of which some two hundred had been captured at the 1715 Battle of Preston. The Act didn't under attainders or restore lands. Those released included:

William Murray 2nd Lord Nairne 1665-1726.

Robert Dalzell 5th Earl of Carnwath 1687-1737.

William Widdrington 4th Baron Widdrington 1678-1743.

.

There were exemptions including:

Matthew Prior Poet 1664-1721.

Robert Harley 1st Earl Oxford and Earl Mortimer 1661-1724.

Simon Harcourt 1st Viscount Harcourt 1661-1727.

Thomas Harley of Kinsham Court 1667-1738.

All members of the Clan McGregor including Rob Roy MacGregor.

In 1711 Godfrey Kneller 1646-1723. Portrait of Robert Harley 1st Earl Oxford and Earl Mortimer 1661-1724. Before 1724 Johnathan Before 1727. Christian Fredericke Zincke Painter 1683-1767. Miniature portrait of Simon Harcourt 1st Viscount Harcourt 1661-1727.

1722 General Election

In 1722 John Eden 2nd Baronet 1677-1728 (44) was elected MP County Durham 1722 General Election.

In 1722 Thomas Rowney of Dean Farm Oxfordshire MP 1693-1759 (29) was elected MP Oxford succeeding his father in the 1722 General Election.

In 1745 Adrien Carpentiers Painter 1713-1778. Portrait of Thomas Rowney of Dean Farm Oxfordshire MP 1693-1759.

In 1722 Michael Newton 4th Baronet 1695-1743 (27) was elected MP Beverley in the 1722 General Election.

In 1722 Peter Burrell 1692-1756 (29) was elected at MP Haslemere. 1722 General Election

In 1722 John Crowley 1689-1728 (32) was elected MP Okehampton during the 1722 General Election.

In 1722 John Rushout 4th Baronet 1685-1775 (36) was elected MP Malmesbury and MP Evesham in the 1722 General Election. He was unseated on petition at Malmesbury on 13 Dec 1722, and so took his seat at Evesham.

In 1715 Godfrey Kneller 1646-1723. Portrait of John Rushout 4th Baronet 1685-1775.

On 19 Mar 1722 Thomas Frankland 3rd Baronet Thirkleby 1685-1747 (37) was elected MP Thirsk during the 1722 General Election.

On 19 Mar 1722 Leonard Smelt 1683-1740 (39) was elected MP Northallerton during the 1722 General Election.

Funeral of Isaac Newton

On 28 Mar 1727 Isaac Newton Scientist 1642-1727 (84) was buried in Westminster Abbey. The service was performed by the Bishop of Rochester (74).

Before the funeral his body lay in state in the Jerusalem Chamber Cheyneygates Westminster Abbey. His coffin was followed by most of the Fellows of the Royal Society.

The Pall Bearers were the Lord Chancellor Peter King 1st Baron King 1669-1734 (58), James Graham 1st Duke Montrose 1680-1742 (47), Robert Ker 2nd Duke Roxburghe 1709-1755 (18), Thomas Herbert 8th Earl Pembroke 5th Earl Montgomery 1656-1733 (71), Talbot Yelverton 1st Earl of Sussex 1690-1731 (36) and Thomas Parker 1st Earl Macclesfield 1666-1732 (60).

The Chief Mourner was Michael Newton 4th Baronet 1695-1743 (32); his third cousin.

Voltaire observed, "He was buried like a king who had done well by his subjects.".

Before 1723 Godfrey Kneller 1646-1723. Portrait of Peter King 1st Baron King 1669-1734. Around 1676 John Greenhill Painter 1644-1676. Portrait of Thomas Herbert 8th Earl Pembroke 5th Earl Montgomery 1656-1733.

1727 General Election

In 1727 Thomas Rowney of Dean Farm Oxfordshire MP 1693-1759 (34) was elected MP Oxford in the 1727 General Election.

In 1745 Adrien Carpentiers Painter 1713-1778. Portrait of Thomas Rowney of Dean Farm Oxfordshire MP 1693-1759.

In 1727 John Crowley 1689-1728 (37) was elected MP Queenborough.

In 1727 Michael Newton 4th Baronet 1695-1743 (32) was elected MP Grantham in the 1727 General Election.

In 1727 Robert Furnese 2nd Baronet Waldershare 1687-1733 (39) was elected MP Kent.

In 1727 Joseph Gascoigne Nightingale 1695-1752 (32) was elected MP Stafford.

In 1727 John Rushout 4th Baronet 1685-1775 (41) was elected MP Evesham in the 1727 General Election.

In 1715 Godfrey Kneller 1646-1723. Portrait of John Rushout 4th Baronet 1685-1775.

In 1727 Thomas Lyttelton 4th Baronet 1686-1751 (41) was elected MP Worcestershire in the 1727 General Election.

In 1727 Charles Colyear 2nd Earl Portmore 1700-1785 (26) was elected MP Andover in the 1727 General Election.

In 1758 Joshua Reynolds 1723-1788. Portrait of Charles Colyear 2nd Earl Portmore 1700-1785.

On 14 Aug 1727 Stephen Cornwallis 1703-1743 (23) was elected MP Eye.

On 14 Aug 1727 Thomas Frankland 3rd Baronet Thirkleby 1685-1747 (42) was elected MP Thirsk.

Coronation of George II

On 11 Oct 1727 John Hobart 1st Earl Buckinghamshire 1693-1756 (34) was created 1st Baron Hobart at Westminster Abbey during the Coronation of George II. Judith Britiffe Lady Hotham -1727 by marriage Baroness Hobart.

Exchange of the Princesses

On 19 Jan 1729 a double wedding was conducted between two sets of brothers and sisters ....

Joseph I King Portugal 1714-1777 (14) and Infante Mariana Victoria of Spain 1718-1781 (10) were married.

Ferdinand VI King Spain 1713-1759 (15) and Barbara Queen Consort Spain 1711-1758 (17) were married. He a great x 2 grandson of King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649.

1723.Jean Ranc Painter 1674-1735. Portrait of Ferdinand VI King Spain 1713-1759.

Excise Crisis

In 1733 Spencer Compton 1st Earl Wilmington 1673-1743 (60) was appointed 551st Knight of the Garter by King George II of Great Britain and Ireland 1683-1760 (49). as a reward for not following through with his threat to resign over the Excise Crisis.

In 1724 Charles Jervas Painter 1675-1739. Portrait of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland 1683-1760. Before 02 Nov 1739 Charles Jervas Painter 1675-1739. Portrait of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland 1683-1760. Before 1744 Enoch Before 25 Oct 1760 Thomas Hudson Painter 1701-1779. Portrait of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland 1683-1760. Before 25 Oct 1760 Thomas Hudson Painter 1701-1779. Portrait of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland 1683-1760. In 1744 Thomas Hudson Painter 1701-1779. Portrait of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland 1683-1760.

1734 General Election

In 1734 Thomas Rowney of Dean Farm Oxfordshire MP 1693-1759 (41) was elected MP Oxford in the 1734 General Election.

In 1745 Adrien Carpentiers Painter 1713-1778. Portrait of Thomas Rowney of Dean Farm Oxfordshire MP 1693-1759.

On 22 Apr 1734 the 1734 General Election was held ...

Leonard Smelt 1683-1740 (51) was elected MP Northallerton.

Robert Grosvenor 6th Baronet Grosvenor 1695-1755 (38) was elected MP Chester.

1735 Great Storm

In Jan 1735 a great storm occurred in London and elsewhere causing significant damage.

From London Prints:

Yesterday Morning the Wind being at W. and W.S.W. it blew hard; and in the Afternoon we had one of the strongest Storms that has been known for many Years, in which several Lighters and Boats in the River were sunk, and others dashed to Pieces; but all the Ships in the River rode out with Safety. On Shore, great Damage was done in the Houses, by ripping off the Tiles, blowing down Stacks of Chimneys, &c. and many People were killed and wounded; particularly, Five Houses were blown down in St. Giles's Parish, and another in Hartshorn Lane in the Strand, by which two Persons lost their Lives. A Stack of Chimneys fell upon a Footman near Gray's-Inn, and killed him. A House in the Broad-Way, Westminster, was blown down, and a Man and Boy killed. And Mr. Lancashire, a Carpenter in Two-Swan-Yard near Bishopsgate, was blown from the Top of a Twelve-Foot Ladder, by which he fractured his Skull, and died on the Spot.

It likewise blew up by the Roots several large Trees in St. James's Park, and did incredible Damage to a great many Houses, in all Parts of the Cities of London and Westminster.

From Tunbridge-Wells we have an Account that the Land-Floods came down upon them so suddenly, that all the Bridges upon the Brook which runs by the Walks, were carried away by the Torrent, and great Damages done besides, so that the like has not been known before in any one's Memory.

They write from [illegible] Abbey in Yorkshire that [several words illegible] happened such a Storm as had not been known in the Memory of Man; tho' it lasted no longer than three quarters of an Hour, yet four Houses were blown down, and several others damaged, and a great Number of large Trees were either broken or blown up by the Roots.

Moulsey in Surrey, Jan. 9. The River Thames is now rising here, and yet it is already so high, we are forced to live above Stairs; and when the Land Waters come down from the Hills in the West-Country, God knows the Consequence: The Thames rose between 5 and 12 this Morning, very near a Foot in Height.

On the 8th Instant there were near 100 Elm Trees (and other Sorts) blown up by the Roots in this Parish during the violent Storm, all fine tall Sticks, and of a load of Timber in a Stick one with another; which will afford the Navy a fine Opportunity of furnishing the Stores in his Majesty's Dockyard this Year.

Extract of a Letter from Dover, dated Jan. 10. Our Accounts from Deal yesterday bring that 40 Sail were missing, that there is scarce a Ship but has met with Damage, and most people think the Gale of Wind little inferior to the November Storm, and lasted longer.

From several LONDON PRINTS Jan. 11. We have received further Accounts of the Misfortunes occasioned by the terrible Storm on Wednesday last: It was observed to be at the highest at 12 o'Clock, about which Time a Stack of Chimnies fell upon a Coachman near Golden-Square, and fractured his Skull: At Barnet, and the Villages adjacent, they perceived three loud Claps of Thunder, accompanied by Lightning; several Barns were blown down in that Neighbourhood; and in several of the Roads near London, the Trees lie in the Highway in such manner, that it is difficult to pass: The Seat was blow from the Mount in Kensington Gardens. At all Parts of the Town are seen Houses untiled, stript of their Lead, and the Chimnies demolish'd.

The Kitchen Chimney of the Lord Bruce was blown down, which broke thro' the Stables of his Royal Highness the Duke of Cumberland, and did very considerable Damage, some of the Servants narrowly escaping with their Lives.

36 Trees were broke down, and tore up by the Roots, in St. James's Park, particularly the large Tree entering the Mall, from St. James's Palace, under which stood a Centry-Box, which was blown down at the same Time, with the Soldier in it, who narrowly escaped with his Life.

About 300 Weight of Lead was blown off the House of Arundel, Esq; in Burlington Gardens, Surveyor of his Majesty's Roads.

About 500 Wt. of Lead was ript off the Parish Church of St. Laurence Jewry, by Guild-Hall.

At the Marquis de Montandre's House in Brook-street, a large Stack of Chimnies was blown down, which demolished an Office in the back Part of the House, dashing in Pieces a Table at which 9 Servants were to dine a quarter of an Hour after.

At Riskins, the seat of the Lord Bathurst (50) in Buckinghamshire, above 40 large Trees in his Lordship's Grounds were blown down.

At Fulham 2 or 3 Houses were blown down, and a Barn belonging to Mr. Gray, a Farmer.

A great many Wallnut-trees in the Park of Tryon, Esq; at Mickleham, were destroyed. We hear he has made above 300£. per Annum of the Wallnuts which the said Trees produced.

The same Day, as a Servant of Messieurs Frame and Berkley was going along the North Side of St. Paul's, he was thrown down by the Violence of the Winds, at which time his Letter-Case fell from his Side, and the Wind blew his Notes about; all which he found again, except one of £300. one of £139. 16s one of £40. and one of £25. for which Notes a Reward is offered.

1741 General Election

In 1741 Charles Churchill 1714-1812 (27) was elected MP Stockbridge in the 1741 General Election.

In 1741 Thomas Rowney of Dean Farm Oxfordshire MP 1693-1759 (48) was elected MP Oxford in the 1741 General Election.

In 1745 Adrien Carpentiers Painter 1713-1778. Portrait of Thomas Rowney of Dean Farm Oxfordshire MP 1693-1759.

1745 Annesley vs Lord Anglesey Case

In 1745 James Annesley 1715-1760 (29) laid claim to his inheritance; the 1745 Annesley vs Lord Anglesey Case.

In 1745 Thomas Marlay Judge 1680-1756 (65) presided over the 1745 Annesley vs Lord Anglesey Case case in which James Annesley 1715-1760 (29) sought to claim his inheritance as 6th Earl Anglesey 2C 1661 from his uncle Richard Annesley 6th Earl Anglesey 1693-1761 (52) who had previously had him kidnapped to avoid his receiving his inheritance. The case went in favour of James Annesley 1715-1760 (29) but he died before receiving his estates. His uncle died a year later.

Battle of Cartgenas

Battle of Dettingen

On 27 Jun 1743 the Battle of Dettingen was fought between an Allied army of England, Hanover and Austria against a French army during the War of the Austrian Succession.

The French army was commanded by Adrien Maurice 3rd Duke de Noailles 1678-1766 (64).

Battle of Fontenoy

On 11 May 1745 the allied army commanded by William Augustus Hanover 1st Duke Cumberland 1721-1765 (24) was defeated by a French army at the Battle of Fontenay.

George Cholmondeley 1724-1764 (20),George Keppel 3rd Earl Albermarle 1724-1772 (21) and John Waldegrave 3rd Earl Waldegrave 1718-1784 (27) fought.

Henry Ponsonby 1685-1745 (60), James Dillon -1745 and Robert Douglas -1745 were killed.

Louis 6th Duke of Gramont 1689-1745 (55) was killed. Antoine 7th Duke Gramont 1722-1801 (23) succeeded 7th Duke Gramont.

Around 1730 William Aikman Painter 1682-1731. Portrait of Dorothy Savile Countess Burlington 1699-1758 and her son William Augustus Hanover 1st Duke Cumberland 1721-1765. Around 1755 William Hogarth Painter 1697-1764. Portrait of William Augustus Hanover 1st Duke Cumberland 1721-1765.

Battle of Prestonpans

On 21 Sep 1745 the army of Charles Edward "Bonnie Prince Charlie" Stewart 1720-1788 (24) defeated the only government army in Scotland at the Battle of Prestonpans, led by General Sir John Cope (57).

Colonel James Gardiner 1688-1745 (57) was killed in action. He was mortally wounded by the Highlanders after his dragoons had fled the field and he was attempting to rally some foot soldiers. He received a mortal blow whilst wounded on the ground and was stripped to the waist as his possessions were looted by the Highlanders. After the battle he was carried from the field by a servant to nearby Tranent where he soon died.

Around 1785. Hugh Douglas Hamilton Painter 1740-1808. Portrait of Charles Edward

Battle of Culloden

On 16 Apr 1746 an English army commanded by William Augustus Hanover 1st Duke Cumberland 1721-1765 (24) and John Mordaunt 1709-1767 (37) defeated the Scottish army of Charles Edward "Bonnie Prince Charlie" Stewart 1720-1788 (25) at the Battle of Culloden bring to an end the Jacobite Rising of 1745.

Robert Kerr -1746 was killed.

William Boyd 4th Earl Kilmarnock 1705-1746 (40) was captured.

Around 1730 William Aikman Painter 1682-1731. Portrait of Dorothy Savile Countess Burlington 1699-1758 and her son William Augustus Hanover 1st Duke Cumberland 1721-1765. Around 1755 William Hogarth Painter 1697-1764. Portrait of William Augustus Hanover 1st Duke Cumberland 1721-1765. Around 1785. Hugh Douglas Hamilton Painter 1740-1808. Portrait of Charles Edward

1747 General Election

In 1747 Charles Churchill 1714-1812 (33) was elected MP Milborne Port in the 1747 General Election but it was a double return; Churchill was not seated.

In 1747 Thomas Rowney of Dean Farm Oxfordshire MP 1693-1759 (54) was elected MP Oxford unopposed.

In 1745 Adrien Carpentiers Painter 1713-1778. Portrait of Thomas Rowney of Dean Farm Oxfordshire MP 1693-1759.

Battle of Lauffeld

On 02 Jul 1747 Edward Dillon -1747 was killed at Lauffeld during the Battle of Lauffeld.

Attack on Port Louis

On 08 Mar 1748 William Cust 1720-1747 (28) was killed by a cannon-ball whilst leading the attack on Port Louis on HMS Elizabeth.

In 1741 Enoch

Battle of Santiago de Cuba

On 09 Apr 1748 the Battle of Santiago de Cuba was a failed attempt by the British to force the entrance of the port of Santiago de Cuba.

1752 Creation of Knights

In 1752 King George II of Great Britain and Ireland 1683-1760 (68) created a number of new Garter Knights:

567th Prince Edward Hanover Duke York 1739-1767 (12).

568th William Orange Nassau V Prince Orange 1748-1806 (3).

569th Henry Fiennes Pelham Clinton 2nd Duke Newcastle under Lyme 1720-1794 (31).

570th Daniel Finch 8th Earl Winchilsea 3rd Earl Nottingham 1689-1769 (62).

571st George Brudenell aka Montagu 1st Duke Montagu 1712-1790 (39).

William Dalrymple Crichton 5th Earl Dumfries 4th Earl of Stair 1699-1768 (53) was appointed 42nd Knight of the Thistle.

Richard Onslow 3rd Baron Onslow 1713-1776 (39) was appointed Order of the Bath.

In 1724 Charles Jervas Painter 1675-1739. Portrait of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland 1683-1760. Before 02 Nov 1739 Charles Jervas Painter 1675-1739. Portrait of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland 1683-1760. Before 1744 Enoch Before 25 Oct 1760 Thomas Hudson Painter 1701-1779. Portrait of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland 1683-1760. Before 25 Oct 1760 Thomas Hudson Painter 1701-1779. Portrait of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland 1683-1760. In 1744 Thomas Hudson Painter 1701-1779. Portrait of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland 1683-1760. Around 1764 Pompeo Batoni Painter 1708-1787. Portrait of Prince Edward Hanover Duke York 1739-1767. Before 1790. William Beechey Painter 1753-1839. Portrait of George Brudenell aka Montagu 1st Duke Montagu 1712-1790 in the Windsor Uniform. Before 27 Jul 1768 Thomas Hudson Painter 1701-1779. Portrait of William Dalrymple Crichton 5th Earl Dumfries 4th Earl of Stair 1699-1768.

Marriage of James Duke Hamilton and Elizabeth Gunning

On 14 Feb 1752 James Hamilton 6th Duke Hamilton 3rd Duke Brandon -1758 (27) and Elizabeth Gunning Duchess Hamilton and Argyll 1733-1790 (18) met at a Valentine's Ball at Bedford House Covent Garden. He and they (18) were married that night at Keith's Chapel; the location being one where he didn't require a license. This before the Marriage Act of 1753. She by marriage Duchess Hamilton, Duke Brandon of Suffolk.

Around 1754 Gavin Hamilton Painter 1723-1798. Portrait of Elizabeth Gunning Duchess Hamilton and Argyll 1733-1790.

Letters of Horace Walpole Earl of Orford Volume 2 Letter 54 To Sir Horace Mann. 27 Feb 1752. Arlington_Street. To Horace Mann 1st Baronet 1706-1786 (45).

Gal. tells me that your eldest brother has written you an account of your affairs, the particulars of which I was most solicitous to learn, and am now most unhappy to find no better.(294) Indeed, Gal. would have most reason to complain, if his strong friendship for you did not prevent him from thinking that nothing is hard that is in your favour; he told me himself that the conditions imposed upon him were inferior to what he always proposed to do, if the misfortune should arrive of your recall. He certainly loves you earnestly; if I were not convinced of it, I should be far from loving him so well as I do.

I write this as a sort of letter of form on the occasion, for there is nothing worth telling you. The event that has made most noise since my last, is the extempore wedding of the youngest (18) of the two Gunnings, who have made so vehement a noise. Lord Coventry (29),(295) a grave young lord, of the remains of the patriot breed, has long dangled after the eldest (19), virtuously with regard to her virtue, not very honourably with regard to his own credit. About six weeks ago Duke Hamilton (27),(296) the very reverse of the Earl, hot, debauched, extravagant, and equally damaged in his fortune and person, fell in love with the youngest at the masquerade, and determined to marry her in the spring. About a fortnight since, at an immense assembly at my Lord Chesterfield's, made to show the house, which is really magnificent, Duke Hamilton made violent love at one end of the room, while he was playing at pharaoh at the other end; that is, he saw neither the bank nor his own cards, which were of three hundred pounds each: he soon lost a thousand. I own I was so little a professor in love, that I thought all this parade looked ill for the poor girl; and could not conceive, if he was so much engaged with his mistress as to disregard such sums, why he played at all. However, two nights afterwards, being left alone with her while her mother and sister were at Bedford House, he found himself so impatient, that he sent for a parson. The doctor refused to perform the ceremony without license or ring: the Duke swore he would send for the Archbishop—at last they were married with a ring of the bed-curtain, at half an hour after twelve at night, at Mayfair chapel,(297) The Scotch are enraged; the women mad that so much beauty has had its effect; and what is most silly, my Lord Coventry (29) declares that he now will marry the other.

Poor Lord Lempster has just killed an officer(298) in a duel, about a play-debt, and I fear was in the wrong. There is no end of his misfortunes and wrong-headedness!—Where is Mr. Conway!—Adieu!

(294) Mr. Mann's father was just dead.

(295) George-William (29), sixth Earl of Coventry. He died in 1809, at the age of eighty-seven.-E.

(296) James, fourth Duke of Hamilton. He died in 1758.-D.

(297) On the 14th of February.-E.

(298) Captain Gray of the Guards (23). The duel was fought, with swords, in Marylebone Fields. Lord Lempster took his trial at the Old Bailey in April, and was found guilty of manslaughter.-E.

Around 1774. Nathaniel Dance Holland Painter 1735-1811. Portrait of George Coventry 6th Earl Coventry 1722-1809. Before 1784. Allan Ramsay 1713-1784. Portrait of George Coventry 6th Earl Coventry 1722-1809. In 1745 Jean Etienne Liotard Painter 1702-1789. Portrait of Maria Gunning Countess Coventry 1732-1760.

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In 1745 Adrien Carpentiers Painter 1713-1778. Portrait of Thomas Rowney of Dean Farm Oxfordshire MP 1693-1759.

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In 1782 Thomas Gainsborough 1727-1788. Portrait of King George III. In 1781 Thomas Gainsborough 1727-1788. Portrait of King George III. In 1781 Thomas Gainsborough 1727-1788. Portrait of King George III. In 1782 Thomas Gainsborough 1727-1788. Portrait of King George III. Around 1768. Nathaniel Dance Holland Painter 1735-1811. Portrait of King George III. In 1804. Samuel Woodford Painter 1763-1817. Portrait of King George III. Around 1800. William Beechey Painter 1753-1839. Portrait of King George III. Around 1762. Allan Ramsay 1713-1784. Portrait of King George III. In 1754 Jean Etienne Liotard Painter 1702-1789. Portrait of King George III.

Diary of Mrs Philip Lybbe-Powys aka Caroline Girle May 1760. 06 May 1760. Earl Ferrers (39) was carried from the Tower to Tyburn executed by a party of Horse and Foot Guards, a Clergyman and the two Sherifs were in the Coach with him he poor unhappy man was drest in his wedding suit, dating as he himself said his whole unhappy conduct from a forced marriage He observed that the apparatus, and being made a spectacle of to so vast a multitude was greatly worse than death itself the procession was two hours & 3/4 from setting out, the Landau & six in which he was ye Sheriffs each in their Chariots one mourning Coach and a Hearse attended, and return'd thro' Lincoln's Inn Fields about one, I think I never shall forget a procession so moving, to know a man an hour before in perfect health then a Lifeless course, yet a just victim to his Country, for the abuse of of that power his rank in Life had given him a Title too, his rank indeed caused his punishment, as the good Old King, in answer to numerous petitions of his greatly to be pitied Family made this memorable speech, " That for the last years of his Life, he had been beyond his most Sanguine hopes successful, for which he should ever return thanks to God, and on his part he had and always would endeavor to Administer justice as he ought, as Events had shown by the punishment of his most exalted Subjects". This was a noble answer. yet none could help pitying this unhappy Lord, his intellects most probably was rather more in fault than his heart in the murder for which he Suffer'd, and had he been low born his majesty would have shewn more Mercy without such strict Justice.Trial and Execution of Earl Ferrers

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