Europe, British Isles, England, Yorkshire, York [Map]

York is in Yorkshire.

740 York Fire

867 Battle of York

1066 Battle of Fulford

1068 Coronation of Queen Matilda

1069 Sveyn II's Raid on England

1190 Massacre of the Jews at York

1298 Edward I 43rd Parliament

1312 Gaveston's Escape from Newcastle

1322 Despencer War Executions

1405 Northern Rising

1453 Battle of Heworth Moor

1461 Battle of Towton

1461 Coronation of Edward IV

1469 Execution of the Neville Brothers

1489 Yorkshire Rebellion

1503 Margaret Tudor's Journey to Scotland

1572 Rising of the North

1688 Glorious Revolution

Dere Street is a Roman Road that ran from Eboracum aka York [Map] into Scotland. Its end in Scotland is unclear - it is believed it met the Antonine Wall.

Its name is possibly derived from Deira, which, with Bernicia, formed Northumberland.

Dere Street was, confusingly, up until the 1850s, referred to as Watling Street?

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. 626. This year came Eamer from Cwichelm, king of the West-Saxons, with a design to assassinate King Edwin (age 40); but he killed Lilla his thane, and Forthere, and wounded the king (age 40). The same night a daughter was born to Edwin (age 40), whose name was Eanfleda. Then promised the king to Paulinus, that he would devote his daughter to God, if he would procure at the hand of God, that he might destroy his enemy, who had sent the assassin to him. He then advanced against the West-Saxons with an army, felled on the spot five kings, and slew many of their men. This year Eanfleda, the daughter of King Edwin (age 40), was baptized, on the holy eve of Pentecost. And the king within twelve months was baptized, at Easter, with all his people. Easter was then on the twelfth of April. This was done at York [Map], where he had ordered a church to be built of timber, which was hallowed in the name of St. Peter. There the king gave the bishopric to Paulinus; and there he afterwards ordered a larger church to be built of stone. This year Penda began to reign; and reigned thirty winters. He had seen fifty winters when he began to reign. Penda was the son of Wybba, Wybba of Creoda, Creoda of Cynewald-, Cynewald of Cnebba-, Cnebba of Icel, Icel of Eomer, Eomer of Angelthew, Angelthew of Offa, Offa of Wearmund, Wearmund of Whitley, Whitley of Woden.

Bede. 634. But soon after, the king of the Britons, Caedwalla285, the unrighteous instrument of rightful vengeance, slew them both. First, in the following summer, he put Osric to death; for, being rashly besieged by him in the municipal town [Map]286, he sallied out on a sudden with all his forces, took him by surprise, and destroyed him and all his army. Then, when he had occupied the provinces of the Northumbrians for a whole year287, not ruling them like a victorious king, but ravaging them like a furious tyrant, he at length put an end to Eanfrid (age 44), in like manner, when he unadvisedly came to him with only twelve chosen soldiers, to sue for peace. To this day, that year is looked upon as ill-omened, and hateful to all good men; as well on account of the apostacy of the English kings, who had renounced the mysteries of the faith, as of the outrageous tyranny of the British king. Hence it has been generally agreed, in reckoning the dates of the kings, to abolish the memory of those faithless monarchs, and to assign that year to the reign of the following king, Oswald (age 30), a man beloved of God. This king, after the death of his brother Eanfrid (age 44)288, advanced with an army, small, indeed, in number, but strengthened with the faith of Christ; and the impious commander of the Britons, in spite of his vast forces, which he boasted nothing could withstand, was slain at a place called in the English tongue Denisesburna, that is, the brook of Denis289.

Note 285. Cf. II, 20, ad init.

Note 286. "In oppido municipio." Commentators are agreed that Bede means York. It was a Roman "Colonia," and is called a "municipium" by Aurelius Victor, though whether Bede attaches any definitely Roman meaning to the term seems doubtful. Ducange explains "municipium" as "castrum," "castellum muris cinctum."

Note 287. From the death of Edwin (October 12th, 633), for Oswald's (age 30) reign is reckoned as lasting nine years, including the "hateful year," and he was killed August 5th, 642. Cf. infra c. 9.

Note 288. i.e., probably before the end of 634.

Note 289. Not identified with any certainty, but probably the Rowley Water or a tributary of it. It cannot be, as has been suggested, the Devil's Water, which is clearly distinguished from it in a charter of the thirteenth century. Caedwalla must have fled southwards for eight or nine miles after the battle (cf. next note).

In 685 Saint Cuthbert (age 51) was consecrated Bishop of Hexham at York [Map].

740 York Fire

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. 740. This year died King Ethelhard; and Cuthred, his relative, succeeded to the West-Saxon kingdom, which he held fourteen winters, during which time he fought many hard battles with Ethelbald, king of the Mercians. On the death of Archbishop Nothelm, Cuthbert was consecrated archbishop, and Dunn, Bishop of Rochester. This year York [Map] was on fire.

Battle of York

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. 867. This year the army went from the East-Angles over the mouth of the Humber to the Northumbrians, as far as York. And there was much dissension in that nation among themselves; they had deposed their king Osbert, and had admitted Aella, who had no natural claim. Late in the year, however, they returned to their allegiance, and they were now fighting against the common enemy; having collected a vast force, with which they fought the army at York [Map]; and breaking open the town, some of them entered in. Then was there an immense slaughter of the Northumbrians, some within and some without; and both the kings were slain on the spot. The survivors made peace with the army. The same year died Bishop Ealstan, who had the bishopric of Sherborn [Map] fifty winters, and his body lies in the town.

Assers Life of Alfred 869. 869. 31. The Danes at York.74 In the year of our Lord's incarnation 869, which was the twenty-first of King Alfred's life, the aforesaid army of heathen, riding back to Northumbria, went to the city of York [Map], and there passed the whole winter.

Note 74. From the Chronicle.

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. 1016. This year came King Knute (age 21) with a marine force of one hundred and sixty ships, and Earldorman Eadric "Streona aka Acquisitive" Mercia with him, over the Thames into Mercia at Cricklade, Wiltshire [Map]; whence they proceeded to Warwickshire, during the middle of the winter, and plundered therein, and burned, and slew all they met. Then began Edmund the etheling (age 26) to gather an army, which, when it was collected, could avail him nothing, unless the king (age 50) were there and they had the assistance of the citizens of London. The expedition therefore was frustrated, and each man betook himself home. After this, an army was again ordered, under full penalties, that every person, however distant, should go forth; and they sent to the king (age 50) in London, and besought him to come to meet the army with the aid that he could collect. When they were all assembled, it succeeded nothing better than it often did before; and, when it was told the king, that those persons would betray him who ought to assist him, then forsook he the army, and returned again to London. Then rode Edmund the etheling (age 26) to Earl Utred in Northumbria; and every man supposed that they would collect an army King Knute (age 21); but they went into Stafforddhire, and to Shrewsbury, Shropshire [Map], and to Chester [Map]; and they plundered on their parts, and Knute (age 21) on his. He went out through Buckinghamshire to Bedfordshire; thence to Huntingdonshire, and so into Northamptonshire along the fens to Stamford [Map]. Thence into Lincolnshire. Thence to Nottinghamshire; and so into Northumbria toward York [Map]. When Utred understood this, he ceased from plundering, and hastened northward, and submitted for need, and all the Northumbrians with him; but, though he gave hostages, he was nevertheless slain by the advice of Earldorman Eadric "Streona aka Acquisitive" Mercia, and Thurkytel, the son of Nafan, with him. After this, King Knute (age 21) appointed Eric earl over Northumbria, as Utred was; and then went southward another way, all by west, till the whole army came, before Easter, to the ships. Meantime Edmund Etheling (age 26) went to London to his father (age 50): and after Easter went King Knute (age 21) with all his ships toward London; but it happened that King Ethelred (age 50) died ere the ships came. He ended his days on St. George's day; having held his kingdom in much tribulation and difficulty as long as his life continued.

Coronation of Queen Matilda

John of Worcester. 1068. After Easter [23rd March], the countess Matilda (age 37) came to England from Normandy, and was crowned queen by Aldred, archbishop of York, on Whitsunday [1lth May]. After this, Mariesweyn and Cospatric, and some of the most noble of the Northumbrian nation, in order to escape the king's tyranny, and fearing that, like others, they might be thrown into prison, took with them Edgar (age 17) the etheling, with his mother Agatha and his two sisters, Margaret (age 23) and Christina (age 11), and, embarking for Scotland, wintered there under favour of Malcolm (age 36), king of Scots. Meanwhile, king William (age 40) marched his army to Nottingham [Map], and, having fortified the castle there, proceeded to York [Map], where he erected two strong forts, and having stationed in them five hundred men, he gave orders that strong castles should be built at Lincoln, Lincolnshire [Map] and other places.

Sveyn II's Raid on England

Flowers of History. 1069. Between the time of the two festivals of the blessed Virgin Mary, in the autumn, the two sons of Sweyn (age 50) [King Harald III of Denmark (age 29) and King Canute "The Holy" IV of Denmark (age 27)] came with three hundred ships from Denmark into England, in order to subdue it in a hostile manner, and to take king William prisoner (age 41), or else expel him from England. But when their arrival was noised abroad, the counts, and barons, and nobles of the land went forth to meet them, being oppressed by the intolerable arrogance of the Normans; and they made a treaty with them, and so joined the army of the Danes, in order to overthrow king William (age 41). But William (age 41), that most prudent king, when he saw the danger that threatened him, humbled himself to them, and checked the insolence of the Normans; and having in this way recalled many of the English nobles to their allegiance, and having sagaciously made a treaty with them all, he took the city of York [Map] by storm, which was a great rendezvous of the Danes, and made himself master of every thing in it, and slew many thousand men there.

In 1069 King Sweyn II of Denmark (age 50) sent an army to England to attack King William "Conqueror" I of England (age 41) in support of Edgar Ætheling II King England (age 18). Sveyn's (age 50) army captured York [Map] and were then bought off.

Florence of Worcester Continuation. 08 Jun 1137. The city of York [Map]. was destroyed by fire, with the principal monastery, on Friday in Whitsun-week, which fell on the 6th of the ides [the 8th] of June. Shortly afterwards the city of Rochester was also destroyed by fire.

Massacre of the Jews at York

On 17 Mar 1190 at York [Map] the Jewish population sought protection from violence in Clifford's Tower. The tower was besieged by the mob of crusaders preparing to leave on the Third Crusade. The Jewish men killed their wives and children, after which they set fire to the wooden keep. Those who did escape were murdered.

On 22 Apr 1279 Archbishop Walter Giffard (age 54) died at York [Map]. He was buried at York Minster [Map].

Around 1290 Ralph Dacre 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland was born to William Dacre (age 23) and Joan Gernet (age 20) at York [Map].

Edward I 43rd Parliament

Gaveston's Escape from Newcastle

In Mar 1322 Alice Lacy Countess Leicester, and Lancaster 5th Countess of Salisbury 5th Countess Lincoln (age 40) was imprisoned at York [Map]. The reasons for her imprisonment are unclear.

Despencer War Executions

On 23 Mar 1322 at York [Map] ...

Roger Clifford 2nd Baron Clifford (age 22) was hanged. His brother Robert Clifford 3rd Baron Clifford (age 16) succeeded 3rd Baron de Clifford.

John Mowbray 2nd Baron Mowbray (age 35) was hanged. He was buried at Fountains Abbey [Map]. His son John Mowbray 3rd Baron Mowbray (age 11) succeeded 3rd Baron Mowbray.

Froissart. AFTER that sir John of Hainault (age 39) was departed from king Edward (age 14), he and the queen (age 32) his mother governed the realm by the counsel of the earl of Kent (age 25), uncle to the king, and by the counsel of sir Roger Mortimer (age 39), who had great lands in England to the sum of seven hundred pounds of rent yearly. And they both were banished and chased out of England with the queen (age 32), as ye have heard before. Also they used much after the counsel of sir Thomas Wake (age 30), and by the advice of other who were reputed for the most sagest of the realm. Howbeit there were some had envy thereat, the which never died in England, and also it reigneth and will reign in divers other countries. Thus passed forth the winter and the Lent season till Easter, and then the king (age 14) and the queen (age 32) and all the realm was in good peace all this season. Then so it fortuned that king Robert of Scotland (age 52), who had been right hardy and had suffered much travail against Englishmen, and oftentimes he had been chased and discomfited in the time of king Edward the first, grandfather to this young king Edward the third (age 14), he was as then become very old and ancient, and sick (as it was said) of the great evil and malady. When he knew the adventures that was fallen in England, how that the old king Edward the second (age 42) was taken and deposed down from his regaly and his crown, and certain of his counsellors beheaded and put to destruction, as ye have heard herebefore, then he bethought him that he would defy the young king Edward the third (age 14), because he was young and that the barons of the realm were not all of one accord, as it was said: therefore he [thought] the better to speed in his purpose to conquer part of England. And so about Easter in the year of our Lord MCCCXXVII. he sent his defiance to the young king Edward the third and to all the realm, sending them word how that he would enter into the realm of England and bren before him as he had done beforetime at such season as the discomfiture was at the castle of Stirling [Map], whereas the Englishmen received great damage. When the king of England (age 14) and his council perceived that they were defied, they caused it to be known over all the realm, and commanded that all the nobles and all other should be ready apparelled every man after his estate, and that they should be by Ascension-day next after at the town of York [Map], standing northward. The king sent much people before to keep the frontiers against Scotland, and sent a great ambassade to sir John of Hainault (age 39), praying him right affectuously that he would help to succour and to keep company with him in his voyage against the Scots, and that he world be with him at the Ascensionday next after at York [Map], with such company as he might get of men of war in those parts. When sir John of Hainault lord of Beaumont (age 39) heard the king's (age 14) desire, he sent straight his letters and his messengers in every place whereas he thought to recover or attain to have any company of men of war, in Flanders, in Hainault, in Brabant, and in other places, desiring them that in their best apparel for the war they would meet him at Wissant [Map], for to go over the sea with him into England. And all such as he sent unto came to him with a glad cheer, and divers other that heard thereof, in trust to attain to as much honour as they had that were with him in England before at the other voyage. So that by that time the said lord Beaumont (age 39) was come to Wissant [Map], there was ready ships for him and his company, brought out of England. And so they took shipping and passed over the sea and arrived at Dover, Kent [Map], and so then ceased not to ride till: they came within three days of Pentecost to the town of York [Map], whereas the king (age 14) and the queen (age 32) his mother and all his lords were with great host tarrying the coming of sir John of Hainault (age 39), and had sent many before of their men of arms, archers and common people of the good towns and villages; and as people resorted, they were caused to be lodged two or three leagues off, all about in the country. And on a day thither came sir John of Hainault (age 39) and his company, who were right welcome and well received both of the king (age 14), of the queen his mother, and of all other barons, and to them was delivered the suburbs of the city to lodge in. And to sir John of Hainault was delivered an abbey of white monks for him and his household. There came with him out of Hainault the lord of Enghien, who was called sir Gaultier, and sir Henry lord d'Antoing, and the lord of Fagnolle, and sir Fastres du Roeulx, sir Robert de Bailleul, and sir Guilliam de Bailleul his brother, and the lord of Havreth, chatelain of Mons, sir Allard de Briffeuil, sir Michael de Ligne, sir John de Montigny the younger and his brother, sir Sanses de Boussoit, the lord of Gommegnies, sir Perceval de Semeries, the lord of Beaurieu and the lord of Floyon. Also of the country of Flanders there was sir Hector of Vilain, sir John de Rhodes, sir Wu there was sir John le Belt and sir Henry his brother, sir Godfrey de la Chapelle, sir Hugh d'Ohey, sir John de Libyne, sir Lambert d'Oupey, and sir Gilbert de Herck: and out of Cambresis and Artois there were come certain knights of their own good wills to advance their bodies: so that sir John of Hainault had well in his company five hundred men of arms, well apparelled and richly mounted. And after the feast of Pentecost came thither sir Guilliam de Juliers (age 28), who was after duke of Juliers after the decease of his father, and sir Thierry of Heinsberg, who was after earl of Loos, and with them a right fair rout, and all to keep company with the gentle knight sir John of Hainault lord Beaumont.

In 1391 John Dunbar 1st Earl Moray (age 49) was killed in a tournament at York [Map] from wounds received from Thomas Mowbray 4th Earl Norfolk 2nd Earl Nottingham (age 5). His son Thomas Dunbar 2nd Earl Moray (age 20) succeeded 5th Earl Moray.

On 31 Jul 1392 Henry Scrope 1st Baron Scrope Masham (age 79) died at York [Map]. His son Stephen Scrope 2nd Baron Scrope Masham (age 47) succeeded 2nd Baron Scrope Masham.

Northern Rising

On 03 Jun 1405 Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter (age 28) arrived at York [Map]. The King denied the accused trial by their peers. Thomas Fitzalan 10th Earl Surrey 12th Earl Arundel (age 23) and Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter (age 28) sat in judgement of Archbishop Richard Scrope (age 55) and Thomas Mowbray 4th Earl Norfolk 2nd Earl Nottingham (age 19). William Gascoigne (age 55) refused to pronounce sentence on Archbishop Richard Scrope (age 55) and Thomas Mowbray 4th Earl Norfolk 2nd Earl Nottingham (age 19) asserting their right to be tried by their peers.

On 08 Jun 1405 before a great crowd at York [Map] ...

Archbishop Richard Scrope (age 55) was beheaded.

Thomas Mowbray 4th Earl Norfolk 2nd Earl Nottingham (age 19) was beheaded. His brother John Mowbray 2nd Duke of Norfolk (age 13) succeeded 5th Earl Norfolk, 3rd Earl Nottingham, 8th Baron Mowbray, 9th Baron Segrave.

On 27 Apr 1458 John Darcy (age 54) died at York [Map].

Battle of Towton

On 29 Mar 1461 the Battle of Towton was a decisive victory for King Edward IV of England (age 18) bringing to an end the first war of the Wars of the Roses. Said to be the bloodiest battle on English soil 28000 were killed mainly during the rout that followed the battle.

The Yorkist army was commanded by King Edward IV of England (age 18) with John Mowbray 3rd Duke of Norfolk (age 45), William Neville 1st Earl Kent (age 56), William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings (age 30) (knighted), Walter Blount 1st Baron Mountjoy (age 45), Henry Bourchier 2nd Count Eu 1st Earl Essex (age 57), John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope of Bolton (age 23) and John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock (age 61).

The Lancastrian army suffered significant casualties including Richard Percy (age 35), Ralph Bigod Lord Morley (age 50), John Bigod (age 28), Robert Cromwell (age 71), Ralph Eure (age 49), John Neville 1st Baron Neville of Raby (age 51), John Beaumont (age 33), Thomas Dethick (age 61), Everard Simon Digby, William Plumpton (age 25) and William Welles (age 51) who were killed.

Henry Percy 3rd Earl of Northumberland (age 39) was killed. His son Henry Percy 4th Earl of Northumberland (age 12) succeeded 4th Earl of Northumberland, 7th Baron Percy of Alnwick, 15th Baron Percy of Topcliffe. Maud Herbert Countess Northumberland (age 3) by marriage Countess of Northumberland.

Ralph Dacre 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland (age 49) was killed. He was buried at the nearby Saxton church where his chest tombs is extant. Baron Dacre Gilsland extinct.

Lionel Welles 6th Baron Welles (age 55) was killed. His son Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby 7th Baron Welles (age 33) succeeded 7th Baron Welles.

The Lancastrian army was commanded by Henry Beaufort 2nd or 3rd Duke Somerset (age 25), Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter (age 30), Henry Percy 3rd Earl of Northumberland (age 39) and Andrew Trollope.

Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter (age 30) was attainted after the battle; Duke Exeter, Earl Huntingdon forfeit.

Those who fought for the Lancaster included William Tailboys 7th Baron Kyme (age 46), John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley (age 60), William Norreys (age 20), Thomas Grey 1st Baron Grey of Richemont (age 43), Robert Hungerford 3rd Baron Hungerford 1st Baron Moleyns (age 30), John Talbot 3rd Earl of Shrewsbury (age 12), Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby 7th Baron Welles (age 33), Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers (age 56), James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire 5th Earl Ormonde (age 40), John Butler 6th Earl Ormonde (age 39), William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont (age 22), Henry Roos and Thomas Tresham (age 41). Cardinal John Morton (age 41) were captured.

On 03 Apr 1461 Thomas Courtenay 14th Earl Devon (age 29) was beheaded at York [Map] and attainted.

John Heron of Ford Castle Northumberland (age 45), Robert Dethick (age 86), Andrew Trollope and his son David Trollope were killed.

Thomas Grey 1st Baron Grey of Richemont (age 43) was executed.

Calendars. 20 Apr 1461. York [Map]. Grant for life to Thomas Witham (age 41) of the office of Chancellor of the Exchequer, with the accustomed fees.

Calendars. 20 Apr 1461. York [Map]. Appointment for life of Henry Sotehill (age 43) as attorney general in all courts of record in England, receiving the accustomed fees, with power of appointing deputies. By ps.

Vacated by surrender and cancelled 11 July, 11 Edward IV.

Calendars. 08 May 1461. York [Map]. Commission to John Haryngton (age 47), esquire, John Kyrton, Thomas Banke and William Boleyn to arrest Thomas CLaymond, esquire, Robert Heryng, 'sowter' and John Hedale, carpenter, and bring them before the king (age 19) in Chancery.

Calendars. 08 May 1461. York [Map]. Grant for life to William Herbert (age 38), knight, of the offices of office of chief justice and chamberlain of South Wales, steward of the commontes in the counties of Caermarthen and Cardigan, and chief forester in those counties (Carmarthenshire,Cardiganshire).

Execution of the Neville Brothers

On 29 Sep 1469 brothers Humphrey Neville of Brancepeth (age 30) and Charles Neville of Brancepeth were beheaded at York [Map] in the presence of King Edward IV of England (age 27) and Richard "Kingmaker" Neville Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury (age 40) bringing to an end the Neville-Neville feud that arose as a consequence of the senior line being dis-inherited.

Yorkshire Rebellion

On 28 Apr 1489 Henry Percy 4th Earl of Northumberland (age 40) was hanged at York [Map] by the rebels when attempting to collect the tax.

Henry Percy 5th Earl of Northumberland (age 11) succeeded 5th Earl of Northumberland, 8th Baron Percy of Alnwick, 16th Baron Percy of Topcliffe, 7th Baron Poynings.

The King then sent an army of 8000 north led by Thomas Howard 2nd Duke of Norfolk (age 46). The rebels dispersed; their leader John à Chambre was hanged for treason. The rebels then chose John Percy (age 30) as their leader. His leadership proved less than reliable; he eventually fled to the court of Margaret of York Duchess of Burgundy (age 42) (sister of Edward IV and Richard III) who remained sympathetic to the Yorkist cause.

Margaret Tudor's Journey to Scotland

After 27 Jun 1503 Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland (age 13) stayed at York [Map].

In 1528 John Constable was born to John Constable (age 18) at York [Map].

In 1546 John Constable was born to John Constable (age 18) at York [Map].

In 1556 Richard Goldthorpe was elected Mayor of York [Map].

On 20 Mar 1564 Thomas Morton Bishop was born at York [Map].

In 1568 Thomas Howard 4th Duke of Norfolk (age 31) attended to hear evidence against Mary Queen of Scots (age 25) at York [Map].

In 1573 Christopher Herbert of York (age 41) was appointed Lord Mayor of York.

In 1584 John Constable (age 56) died at York [Map].

In 1604 Thomas Herbert of York (age 49) was appointed Lord Mayor of York.

In Jun 1642 William Cavendish 3rd Earl Devonshire (age 24) was with King Charles I (age 41) at York [Map].

Glorious Revolution

Evelyn's Diary. 02 Dec 1688. Dr. Tenison (age 52) preached at St. Martin's [Map] on Psalm xxxvi. 5, 6, 7, concerning Providence. I received the blessed Sacrament. Afterward, visited my Lord Godolphin (age 43), then going with the Marquis of Halifax (age 55) and Earl of Nottingham (age 41) as Commissioners to the Prince of Orange (age 38); he told me they had little power. Plymouth, Devon [Map] declared for the Prince (age 38). Bath, Somerset [Map], York [Map], Hull [Map], Bristol, Gloucestershire [Map], and all the eminent nobility and persons of quality through England, declare for the Protestant religion and laws, and go to meet the Prince (age 38), who every day sets forth new Declarations against the Papists. The great favorites at Court, Priests and Jesuits, fly or abscond. Everything, till now concealed, flies abroad in public print, and is cried about the streets. Expectation of the Prince (age 38) coming to Oxford, Oxfordshire [Map]. The Prince of Wales and great treasure sent privily to Portsmouth, Hampshire [Map], the Earl of Dover (age 52) being Governor. Address from the Fleet not grateful to his Majesty (age 55). The Papists in offices lay down their commissions, and fly. Universal consternation among them; it looks like a revolution.

In 1700 William Robinson 1st Baronet (age 44) was appointed Lord Mayor of York.

In 1710 Richard Terrick Bishop was born in York [Map].

In 1718 Tancred Robinson 3rd Baronet (age 33) was appointed Lord Mayor of York.

On 19 Dec 1726 Henry Willoughby 5th Baron Middleton was born to Thomas Willoughby (age 32) and Elizabeth Southby at York [Map].

In 1738 Tancred Robinson 3rd Baronet (age 53) was appointed Lord Mayor of York.

On 05 Apr 1824 Julia Louisa Bosville Baroness Middleton was born at York [Map].

Ermine Street 2e Brough to York. Having crossed the Humber Estuary to Petuaria [Map] Ermine Street continues north past South Newbald [Map], Shiptonthorpe [Map], Barmby [Map]. Ermine Street then follows either, or both of two routes. The first, Kexby Bridge [Map] to Eboracum [Map]. The second route suggests Ermine Street may have continued to Durham via Wilberfoss [Map], Stamford Bridge [Map] after whic it turned left for Eboracum [Map].

The River Ouse is formed by the confluence of the River Ure and River Swale around 900m south-west of Myton-on-Swale [Map]; there are other theories as to where it starts. Thereafter it flows broadly south-east through York [Map], past Cawood [Map], Selby [Map], Goole [Map] and the location of the former Whitgift Ferry, East Yorkshire [Map] before joining the Humber Estuary at Trent Falls [Map].

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. Then it was told the king, that the people in the North had gathered themselves together, and would stand against him if he came. Whereupon he went to Nottingham [Map], and wrought there a castle; and so advanced to York [Map], and there wrought two castles; and the same at Lincoln, Lincolnshire [Map], and everywhere in that quarter. Then Earl Gospatric and the best men went into Scotland. Amidst this came one of Harold's sons from Ireland with a naval force into the mouth of the Avon unawares, and plundered soon over all that quarter; whence they went to Bristol, Gloucestershire [Map], and would have stormed the town; but the people bravely withstood them. When they could gain nothing from the town, they went to their ships with the booty which they had acquired by plunder; and then they advanced upon Somersetshire, and there went up; and Ednoth, master of the horse, fought with them; but he was there slain, and many good men on either side; and those that were left departed thence.

Europe, British Isles, England, Yorkshire, Bishopthorpe York

On 10 Dec 1776 Robert Hay-Drummond Archbishop of York (age 65) died at Bishopthorpe York.

On 25 Nov 1891 Bishop Harvey Goodwin (age 73) died in Bishopthorpe York whilst on a visit to William Maclagan, Archbishop of York.

Europe, British Isles, England, Yorkshire, York, Blackfriars Friary

On 22 Mar 1426 Richard Redman Master of the Horse (age 76) died at Harewood Castle. He was buried at Blackfriars Friary, York

In 1536 John Pickering was appointed Prior of Blackfriars Friary, York.

Europe, British Isles, England, Yorkshire, York, Coney Street

Europe, British Isles, England, Yorkshire, York, Coney Street, St Martin le Grand Church

On or before 09 Jun 1636 John Brookes 1st Baronet was born to James Brookes of York. He was baptised on 09 Jun 1636 at St Martin le Grand Church, York.

On 18 Nov 1691 John Brookes 1st Baronet (age 55) died. He was buried at St Martin le Grand Church, York. His son James Brookes 2nd Baronet  1675-1742 (age 16) succeeded 2nd Baronet Brookes of York in Yorkshire.

Europe, British Isles, England, Yorkshire, Fulford York

On 20 Sep 1066 King Harald Hardrada III of Norway (age 51), with Tostig Godwinson Earl Northumbria (age 40), defeated the brothers Edwin Earl of Mercia and Morcar Earl Northumbria at the Battle of Fulford at Fulford York.

Europe, British Isles, England, Yorkshire, Goodramgate York

Europe, British Isles, England, Yorkshire, Goodramgate York, Holy Trinity Church

On 08 Feb 1673 Henry Bellingham (age 29) and Frances Bethell (age 33) were married at Holy Trinity Church, Goodramgate, York.

On 20 Jun 1699 Reginald Graham 2nd Baronet (age 28) and Hester Bellingham Lady Graham (age 26) were married at Holy Trinity Church, Goodramgate, York. They were third cousin once removed.

Europe, British Isles, England, Yorkshire, Heworth Moor York

On or before 24 Aug 1453 Thomas Neville (age 23) and Maud Stanhope 4th Baroness Cromwell Baroness Willoughby Eresby were married. Maud Stanhope 4th Baroness Cromwell Baroness Willoughby Eresby was the niece and heiress of Ralph Cromwell 3rd Baron Cromwell (age 50) meaning traditional Percy lands would become Neville lands. The Percy's, being the older family, especially Thomas Percy 1st Baron Egremont (age 30), took umbrage with the ensuing two year feud known as the Neville Percy Feud. He the son of Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury (age 53) and Alice Montagu 5th Countess of Salisbury (age 46). He a great x 2 grandson of King Edward III of England.

On 24 Aug 1453 John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu (age 22) was ambushed at Heworth Moor York by Thomas Percy 1st Baron Egremont (age 30) leading a force of 700 or more men when returning with his brother's wedding party from Tattershall Castle [Map] to Sheriff Hutton [Map].

Europe, British Isles, England, Yorkshire, York, Mickelgate Bar [Map]

Chronicle of Gregory 1461. 28 Jun 1461. Ande the Kynge (age 19) taryd in the Northe a grette whyle, a made grete inquerens of the rebellyens a-gayne hys fadyr. And toke downe hys fadyrs hedde fro the walle of Yorke [Map]. And made alle the contray to ben sworne unt hym and to hys lawys. And then he returnyd unto Lundon agayne. And there he made xviij [18] knyghtys and many lordys. And then he rode to Westemyster. And there he was crounyd the xxviij day of June, and the yere of oure Lorde M1CCCC lxj [1461], blessyd be God of hys grete grace, etc.

Europe, British Isles, England, Yorkshire, York, Monk Bar [Map]

1838. William Etty (age 50). Monk Bar [Map].

Europe, British Isles, England, Yorkshire, York, Pavement

Europe, British Isles, England, Yorkshire, York, Pavement, St Crux Church

In 1068 St Crux Church, York is mentioned in the Domesday Book, at which time it belonged to the Count of Mortain.

Between 1402 and 1424 St Crux Church, York was rebuilt.

On 01 Mar 1682 Thomas Herbert 1st Baronet (age 76) died. He was buried at St Crux Church, York. His son Henry Herbert 2nd Baronet (age 43) succeeded 2nd Baronet Herbert of Tintern in Monmouthshire.

In 1748 Mary Norton Lady Robinson died. She was buried at St Crux Church, York.

On 02 Sep 1754 Tancred Robinson 3rd Baronet (age 69) died. He was buried at St Crux Church, York where there was a sarcophagus with Lord Mayor's regalia in relief on side, surmounted by seated cherub with portrait medallion, cross-staff, anchors, cannon etc., obelisk-shaped marble slab behind with cartouche-of-arms of Robinson with escutcheon of pretence of Norton, and below shaped apron with inscription, signed Robt. Avray Eboraci Sculpt. His son William Robinson 4th Baronet (age 41) succeeded 4th Baronet Robinson of Newby in Yorkshire.

In 1880 St Crux Church, York was closed. It was demolished three years later.

In 1888 a parish hall was built on the site of St Crux Church, York, reusing materials from the church, including much of its north wall, and the Perpendicular east window. Inside are many of the monuments and fixtures from the former church.

Europe, British Isles, England, Yorkshire, St Deny's Church York

After 29 Mar 1461 Henry Percy 3rd Earl of Northumberland (age 39) was buried at St Deny's Church York.

Europe, British Isles, England, Yorkshire, York, St Lawrence's Church

On 17 Aug 1738 Henrietta Maria Yarburgh (deceased) was buried at St Lawrence's Church, York.

Europe, British Isles, England, Yorkshire, York, St Mary's Abbey [Map]

In 1055 St Mary's Abbey, York [Map] was founded. It was originally dedicated to Saint Olaf aka Olave. After the Norman Conquest the church came into the possession of the Anglo-Breton magnate Alan Rufus who granted the lands to Abbot Stephen and a group of monks from Whitby. The abbey church was refounded in 1088 when King William "Rufus" II, visited York in January or February of that year and gave the monks additional lands.

John of Worcester. 1055. Siward (age 45), earl of Northumberland, died at York, and was buried in the monastery at Galmanho [Map]72, which he had himself founded: his earldom was given to Tosti (age 29), earl Harold's (age 33) brother. Shortly afterwards, king Edward (age 52), in a council held at London, banished earl Algar, earl Leofric's son, without any just cause of offence. Algar presently went to Ireland, and having collected eighteen pirate ships, returned with them to Wales, where he implored Griffyth the king to lend him his aid against king Edward. Griffyth immediately assembled a numerous army from all parts of his dominions, and directed Algar to join him and his army at a place appointed with his own troops; and having united their forces they entered Herefordshire, intending to lay waste the English marshes.

Note 72. An abbey at York, afterwards restored, and called St. Mary's [Map].

Europe, British Isles, England, Yorkshire, York, St Saviour's Church

On 16 Aug 1624 Henry Belasyse 1st Baronet (age 69) died. He was buried in St Saviour's Church, York. His son Thomas Belasyse 1st Viscount Fauconberg (age 47) succeeded 2nd Baronet Belasyse of Newborough.

On 07 Jul 1769 Barnard Bowes Foord-Bowes was born. He was baptised at St Saviour's Church, York on 07 Jul 1769.

Europe, British Isles, England, Yorkshire, York, Stillingfleet

Europe, British Isles, England, Yorkshire, York, Stillingfleet, Moreby Hall

In 1582 William Acklom was born at Moreby Hall.

On 25 Apr 1619 John Acklom was born to William Acklom (age 37) at Moreby Hall.

Around 1620 Thomas Acklom was born to William Acklom (age 38) at Moreby Hall.

In 1637 William Acklom (age 55) died at Moreby Hall.

In 1643 John Acklom (age 23) died at Moreby Hall.

On 06 Sep 1660 Mark Milbanke 1st Baronet (age 22) and Elizabeth Acklom Lady Milbanke were married at Moreby Hall.

Europe, British Isles, England, Yorkshire, Stonegate York

On 13 Apr 1570 Guy Fawkes was born in Stonegate York.

Europe, British Isles, England, Yorkshire, The Pavement York