Biography of King James IV of Scotland 1473-1513

Paternal Family Tree: Stewart

1460 Siege of Roxburgh

1488 Battle of Sauchieburn

1503 Marriage of James IV of Scotland and Margaret Tudor

1513 Battle of Flodden

Siege of Roxburgh

On 03 Aug 1460 [his grandfather] King James II of Scotland (age 29) was killed accidentally when a cannon exploded and he was hit by debris. He was buried at Holyrood Abbey, Holyrood. His son [his father] King James III of Scotland (age 9) succeeded III King Scotland.

William Douglas 3rd Lord Drumlanrig (age 20) was present.

In Jul 1469 [his father] King James III of Scotland (age 17) and [his mother] Margaret Oldenburg Queen Consort Scotland (age 13) were married at Holyrood Abbey, Holyrood. She by marriage Queen Consort Scotland. She the daughter of Christian I King Denmark (age 43) and Dorothea of Brandenburg (age 38). He the son of King James II of Scotland and Mary of Guelders Queen Consort Scotland. He a great x 3 grandson of King Edward III of England.

On 17 Mar 1473 King James IV of Scotland was born to King James III of Scotland (age 21) and Margaret Oldenburg Queen Consort Scotland (age 16) at Stirling Castle [Map].

On 14 Jul 1486 [his mother] Margaret Oldenburg Queen Consort Scotland (age 30) died.

Battle of Sauchieburn

On 11 Jun 1488 [his father] King James III of Scotland (age 36) was killed in action or attempting to escape, at the Battle of Sauchieburn. His son King James IV of Scotland (age 15) succeeded IV King Scotland.

On 19 Jun 1488 Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell (age 32) was issued a safe conduct by King James IV of Scotland (age 15).

Around 1493 [his illegitimate son] Alexander Stewart ArchBishop of St Andrews was born illegitimately to King James IV of Scotland (age 19) and Margaret Boyd.

Around 1495 Margaret Drummond (age 20) became a mistress to King James IV of Scotland (age 21).

Around 1495 [his illegitimate daughter] Catherine Stewart Countess Morton was born illegitimately to King James IV of Scotland (age 21) and Margaret Boyd.

Around 1497 [his illegitimate daughter] Margaret Stewart was born illegitimately to King James IV of Scotland (age 23) and Margaret Drummond (age 22).

Around 1499 [his illegitimate son] James Stewart 1st Earl Moray was born illegitimately to King James IV of Scotland (age 25) and Janet Kennedy (age 19).

In 1501 [his illegitimate son] James Stewart 1st Earl Moray (age 2) was created 1st Earl Moray by his father King James IV of Scotland (age 27).

On 25 Jan 1502 Patrick Hepburn 1st Earl Bothwell (age 50) stood proxy for King James IV of Scotland (age 28) at the betrothal with [his future wife] Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland (age 12).

On 17 Jul 1502 [his illegitimate daughter] Janet Stewart Lady Fleming was born illegitimately to King James IV of Scotland (age 29) and Isobel Stewart. Coefficient of inbreeding 1.58%.

On 19 Sep 1502 Mynour, the Inglis payntour (age 42) delivered four portraits of the English royal family to James IV of Scotland (age 29) at Stirling Castle [Map].

Marriage of James IV of Scotland and Margaret Tudor

On 08 Aug 1503 King James IV of Scotland (age 30) and Margaret Tudor (age 13) were married at Holyrood Abbey, Holyrood. Thomas Howard 2nd Duke of Norfolk (age 60) and James Hamilton 1st Earl Arran (age 28) were present. She the daughter of King Henry VII of England and Ireland (age 46) and Elizabeth York Queen Consort England. He the son of King James III of Scotland and Margaret Oldenburg Queen Consort Scotland. They were third cousins. He a great x 4 grandson of King Edward III of England.

Cuthbert Cunningham 3rd Earl Glencairn (age 27) was restored 3rd Earl Glencairn.

On 21 Feb 1507 [his son] James Stewart 1st Duke Rothesay was born to King James IV of Scotland (age 33) and [his wife] Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland (age 17) at Holyrood Palace, Holyrood. He a grandson of King Henry VII of England and Ireland.

On 15 Jul 1508 [his daughter] Unamed Stillborn Stewart was born to King James IV of Scotland (age 35) and [his wife] Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland (age 18) at Holyrood Palace, Holyrood. She a granddaughter of King Henry VII of England and Ireland.

On 20 Oct 1509 [his son] Arthur Stewart 1st Duke Rothesay was born to King James IV of Scotland (age 36) and [his wife] Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland (age 19) at Holyrood Palace, Holyrood. He a grandson of King Henry VII of England and Ireland.

Before 26 Apr 1510 [his son-in-law] John Gordon and [his illegitimate daughter] Margaret Stewart (age 13) were married. She the illegitmate daughter of King James IV of Scotland (age 37) and Margaret Drummond. He the son of Alexander Gordon 3rd Earl Huntley and Jean Stewart Countess Huntley (age 49). They were half second cousin once removed. He a great x 4 grandson of King Edward III of England. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

On 10 Apr 1512 [his son] King James V of Scotland was born to King James IV of Scotland (age 39) and [his wife] Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland (age 22) at Linlithgow Palace, Linlithgow. He a grandson of King Henry VII of England and Ireland.

In Nov 1512 [his daughter] Unamed Stillborn Stewart was born to King James IV of Scotland (age 39) and [his wife] Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland (age 22) at Holyrood Palace, Holyrood. She a granddaughter of King Henry VII of England and Ireland.

Battle of Flodden

Before 09 Sep 1513 King James IV of Scotland (age 40) based himself at Ford Castle [Map] before the Battle of Flodden.

On 09 Sep 1513 at the Battle of Flodden was fought at the Branxton, Northumberland [Map]. the English army was commanded by Thomas Howard 2nd Duke of Norfolk (age 70), Thomas Howard 3rd Duke of Norfolk (age 40), Edmund Howard (age 35), Thomas Dacre 2nd Baron Dacre Gilsland (age 45), Edward Stanley 1st Baron Monteagle (age 51) and Marmaduke Constable (age 56).

The English army included: Henry "Shepherd Lord" Clifford 10th Baron Clifford (age 59), William Conyers 1st Baron Conyers (age 44), Thomas Berkeley 5th Baron Berkeley (age 41) and Richard Neville 2nd Baron Latimer of Snape (age 45).

Randall Babington, John Bigod (age 38) and Thomas Fitzwilliam (age 39) were killed.

Marmaduke Constable (age 33), William Constable (age 38), George Darcy 1st Baron Darcy Aston (age 16), Edmund Walsingham (age 33), Thomas Burgh 7th Baron Cobham 5th Baron Strabolgi 1st Baron Burgh (age 25) and Walter Stonor (age 36) were knighted by Thomas Howard 3rd Duke of Norfolk (age 40).

Christopher Savage, Thomas Venables (age 44) and Brian Tunstall (age 33) were killed.

Bryan Stapleton of Wighill (age 55) was killed. (Some reports have him dying in 1518).

John Booth (age 78) was killed.

Father and son Ralph ellerker of risby in yorkshire and Ralph Ellerker were knighted by Thomas Howard Earl of Surrey (age 70).

The Scottish army suffered heavy casualties:

King James IV of Scotland (age 40) was killed. His body ws taken to London, then to Sheen Priory, Richmond; thereafter it dissappeared. His son [his son] King James V of Scotland (age 1) succeeded V King Scotland.

[his illegitimate son] Alexander Stewart ArchBishop of St Andrews (age 20) was killed.

David Kennedy 1st Earl Cassilis (age 43) was killed. His son Gilbert Kennedy 2nd Earl Cassilis (age 18) succeeded 2nd Earl Cassilis. Isabel Campbell Countess Cassilis by marriage Countess Cassilis.

William Sinclair 2nd Earl Caithness (age 54) was killed. His son John Sinclair 3rd Earl Caithness succeeded 3rd Earl Caithness.

Matthew Stewart 2nd Earl Lennox was killed. His son John Stewart 3rd Earl Lennox (age 23) succeeded 3rd Earl Lennox.

William Hay 4th Earl Erroll was killed. His son William Hay 5th Earl Erroll (age 18) succeeded 5th Earl Erroll.

John Douglas 2nd Earl Morton was killed. His son James Douglas 3rd Earl Morton succeeded 3rd Earl Morton, 6th Lord Dalkeith.

Adam Hepburn 2nd Earl Bothwell was killed. His son Patrick Hepburn 3rd Earl Bothwell (age 1) succeeded 3rd Earl Bothwell.

Alexander Stewart 4th of Garlies (age 32) was killed. His son Alexander Stewart 5th of Garlies (age 6) succeeded 5th Lord Garlies.

Alexander Elphinstone 1st Lord Elphinstone was killed. His son Alexander Elphinstone 2nd Lord Elphinstone (age 3) succeeded 2nd Lord Elphinstone.

Thomas Hay, George Hepburn Bishop Isles (age 59), Adam Hepburn Master (age 56), Thomas "Younger of Cushnie" Lumsden

William Douglas 6th Lord Drumlanrig was killed. William "Younger" Douglas 7th Lord Drumlanrig succeeded 7th Lord Drumlanrig.

George Seton 5th Lord Seton was killed. His son George Seton 6th Lord Seton succeeded 6th Lord Seton.

John Hay 2nd Lord Hay of Yester was killed. His son John Hay 3rd Lord Hay (age 23) succeeded 3rd Lord Hay of Yester. Elizabeth Douglas Lady Hay by marriage Lord Hay of Yester.

Robert Keith Master of Marischal (age 30), Guiscard Harbottle (age 28), John Erskine, David Home (age 22), Andrew Stewart 1st Lord Avondale (age 43), Archibald Campbell 2nd Earl Argyll (age 64), Robert Douglas of Lochleven (age 89) were killed.

Henry Sinclair 3rd Lord Sinclair (age 48) was killed. His son William Sinclair 4th Lord Sinclair succeeded 4th Lord Sinclair.

James Stewart 1st Lord of Traquair (age 33) was killed. His son William Stewart 2nd Lord Traquair (age 7) succeeded 2nd Lord Traquair.

John Maxwell 4th Lord Maxwell (age 57) was killed. His son Robert Maxwell 5th Lord Maxwell (age 20) succeeded 5th Lord Maxwell.

William Murray (age 43), Colin Oliphant (age 26), William Ruthven (age 33), George Douglas (age 44) and William Douglas (age 42) were killed.

George Home 4th Lord Home and John Stewart 2nd Earl Atholl (age 38) fought.

Brothers David Lyon of Cossins, William Lyon and George Lyon were killed.

William Graham 1st Earl Montrose (age 49) was killed. His son William Graham 2nd Earl Montrose (age 21) succeeded 2nd Earl Montrose.

Robert Erskine 4th Lord Erskine 16th Earl Mar was killed. His son John Erskine 17th Earl Mar (age 26) de jure 17th Earl Mar, Lord Erskine.

Thomas Stewart 2nd Lord Innermeath (age 52) was killed. His son Richard Stewart 3rd Lord Innermeath succeeded 3rd Lord Innermeath.

Walter Lindsay of Arden and Walter Lindsay (age 33) were killed.

William Keith of Inverugie (age 43) was killed.

David Wemyss of Wemyss (age 40) was killed.

John Somerville 1st of Cambusnethan (age 55) was killed.

Robert Crichton 2nd Lord Crichton of Sanquhar (age 41) was killed. His son Robert Crichton 3rd Lord Crichton of Sanquhar (age 22) succeeded 3rd Lord Crichton of Sanquhar

Father and son William Rollo (age 59) and Robert Rollo 5th of Duncrub (age 34) were killed.

On 30 Apr 1514 [his son] Alexander Stewart 1st Duke Ross was born to King James IV of Scotland and [his former wife] Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland (age 24) at Stirling Castle [Map]. He a grandson of King Henry VII of England and Ireland.

On 06 Aug 1514 Archibald Douglas 6th Earl Angus (age 25) and [his former wife] Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland (age 24) were married. She by marriage Countess Angus. She the daughter of King Henry VII of England and Ireland and Elizabeth York Queen Consort England.

On 03 Mar 1528 Henry Stewart 1st Lord Methven (age 33) and [his former wife] Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland (age 38) were married. She the daughter of King Henry VII of England and Ireland and Elizabeth York Queen Consort England.

On 18 Oct 1541 [his former wife] Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland (age 51) died at Methven Castle, Methven. She was buried at Carthusian Charterhouse, Perth.

In 1603 James Hay 1st Earl Carlisle (age 23) was appointed Gentlemen of the Bedchamber to King James IV of Scotland.

On 18 Apr 1621 Bridget Chaworth (age 79) died. Monument in St Andrew's Church, Ufford [Map]. Marble with Corinthian Columns and reclining effigy. Corinthian Columns. Jacobean Hooded Monument.

The inscription reads "Dame Bridget, Lady Carr, widow, daughter of Sir John Chaworth of Wiverton, Nottingham, late wife to Sir William Carr of Old Sleaford in the county of Lincoln, who served the late Queen Elizabeth of most famous memory, being one of the gentlewomen of her Majesty's Privy Chamber for the space of five and twenty years, and afterwards served the most renowned Queen Anne, wife to our most gracious sovereign, King James, for the space of 14 years, being the residue of her life, and died the 18th day of April being of the age of 79 years, the which said Lady Carr, out of her love to her dear sister Katherine, the wife of George Quarles of this town of Ufford, esquire, hath caused her body to be here interred 1612". The date a mistake given she died in 1621.

Bridget Chaworth: In 1542 she was born to John Chaworth and Mary Paston. Around 1590 William Carr and she were married.

Perkin Warbreck Plot

Polydore Vergil. King James of Scotland did not break his word. Now being dead sure that he had been the victim of a fraud, he summoned Peter Warbeck and, gently reminding him of all the benefits he had conferred, urged him to migrate to some other country where he could live in peace until a better opportunity for conducting his business offered itself. For he himself had been obliged to make peace with the King of England, and because of the affinity he enjoyed with the king and valued so highly, it was scarcely possible that in the future he could take up arms in Peter's name, as he had gladly done at the beginning when he hoped that Peter would be furnished with timely help by his English friends. But since this expectation had proved to be in vain, he told him he should not take this delay amiss, for it might turn out to be helpful for him in his affliction. Saying these and similar things, he told Peter to go elsewhere. And he, learning the king's will, was devastated by this desertion, now seeing that there was nothing left for him among the Scots. Although he was not able to requite the many benefits he had received from them, nevertheless, so as not to appear to be an ingrate, he accepted the king's command calmly, and a few days later took his wife and left for Ireland, with the idea of returning to Margaret in Flanders, or of attaching himself to the Cornishmen.

Letters. James IV to the Queen of Denmark. Credence for the above Magnus Beilde.

Letters. Scotland and Denmark. "Articulorum capita Regis Scotorum commissa Magno Beilde, ut ad illustrissimum Daciæ Regem referet, duodecimo ... anno duodecimo supra millesimum et quingentesimum."

Heads of articles entrusted to the King of Scots by Magnus Beilde, to refer to the most illustrious king of Dacia, twelfth .... year 1513.

James has used every effort, by his ambassadors, for two years, for a universal peace, and to put an end to hostilities of England and Aragon against France. Has not succeeded, the King of England declaring that he cannot make peace without the express consent of the Pope and King of Aragon. Has repeatedly implored his Holiness, by his ambassadors, for briefs, of which he may send copies to Denmark and to England, stating that James was to treat for peace with the French King, that the Pope had recovered the property of the Church, and that the Turk, having obtained the empire by violence, was preparing an expedition against Christendom. He had received letters from France authorising him to mediate with Henry of England. to whom he had frequently sent, in vain, desiring a safe conduct for his ambassadors, to treat for peace according to the order of the Pope. Offered England to forego all claims for redress, and renew the peace, on condition that Henry would apply himself to a universal peace. In spite of all, England has resolved in Parliament not only to carry on the war with France, but also to attack Scotland, pretending that he could not otherwise invade France with safety; and certainly, if he conquered France, Scotland would not be safe. England is raising unheard-of contributions to sustain the war, and boasts that he will occupy both countries; but, as James is informed, the English soldiers, after their experience of Biscay last year, will not be easily induced to visit Spain for the purpose of invading France; neither will they return to Gueldres, where they formerly were severely handled, when invading the country. They will not be eager to attack a country so well fortified, or fight with the French fleet, when they remember the losses of the preceding year. But although the English, anxious for novelty, exclaim against taxgatherers, they are arming by sea and land; they pretend fear of the French, but intend to attack the Scots, who are peaceable, thinking it nothing to seize the Scotch coast for security of their operations against France. Accordingly, as England and Aragon have made a league by which each is bound not to make peace without the other, James has thought it justifiable to renew the old league with France on similar conditions. Sends Beilde to inform Denmark of his requirements. Hopes he will perform the part of an uncle by despatching a fleet for his defence, and send supplies from the Hanse Towns, which will be paid for. Edinburgh, 12 1512.

Etal Castle [Map] is a ruined medieval fortification in the village of Etal, Northumberland, England. It was built around 1341 by Robert Manners, and comprised a residential tower, a gatehouse and a corner tower, protected by a curtain wall. The castle was involved both in local feuding and the border wars between England and Scotland. There was a battle between the rival Manners and Heron families outside the walls in 1428, and in 1513 it was briefly captured by King James IV of Scotland during his invasion of England.

Robert Manners: In 1298 he was born. On 28 Sep 1355 Robert Manners died.

Letters. James IV. to [his uncle] John King of Denmark. Credence for Magnus Beilde, a subject of the King of Denmark, who has been for some years in Scotland on James's service. Begs John to show himself an uncle now, as James means for life to act the part of a nephew and circumstances brook no delay.

King James IV of Scotland 1473-1513 appears on the following Descendants Family Trees:

John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399

Thomas Holland 2nd Earl Kent 1350-1397

Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403

King Robert II of Scotland 1316-1390

Royal Ancestors of King James IV of Scotland 1473-1513

Kings Wessex: Great x 13 Grand Son of King Edmund "Ironside" I of England

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 9 Grand Son of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 15 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg King Deheubarth

Kings Powys: Great x 10 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys

Kings England: Great x 4 Grand Son of King Edward III of England

Kings Scotland: Great x 5 Grand Son of Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland

Kings Franks: Great x 10 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks

Kings France: Great x 6 Grand Son of Philip "The Fair" IV King France

Royal Descendants of King James IV of Scotland 1473-1513

King James V of Scotland x 1

Diana Spencer Princess Wales x 17

Ancestors of King James IV of Scotland 1473-1513

Great x 4 Grandfather: Walter Stewart 6th High Steward

Great x 3 Grandfather: King Robert II of Scotland 3 x Great Grand Son of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Marjory Bruce 2 x Great Grand Daughter of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 2 Grandfather: King Robert III of Scotland 4 x Great Grand Son of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Adam Mure

Great x 3 Grandmother: Elizabeth Mure Queen Consort Scotland

Great x 1 Grandfather: King James I of Scotland 5 x Great Grand Son of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Malcolm Drummond

Great x 3 Grandfather: John Drummond of Stobhall 11th Thane of Lennox

Great x 2 Grandmother: Anabella Drummond Queen Consort Scotland

GrandFather: King James II of Scotland 2 x Great Grand Son of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: King Edward III of England Son of King Edward II of England

Great x 3 Grandfather: John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster Son of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England 5 x Great Grand Daughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 2 Grandfather: John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset and Dorset Grand Son of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Giles "Payne" Roet

Great x 3 Grandmother: Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster

Great x 1 Grandmother: Joan Beaufort Queen Consort Scotland Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Thomas Holland 1st Earl Kent 4 x Great Grand Son of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 3 Grandfather: Thomas Holland 2nd Earl Kent Great Grand Son of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Princess Wales Grand Daughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England

Great x 2 Grandmother: Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence 2 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Richard Fitzalan 10th Earl Arundel 8th Earl Surrey 5 x Great Grand Son of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 3 Grandmother: Alice Fitzalan Countess Kent 2 x Great Grand Daughter of King Henry III of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Eleanor Plantagenet Countess Arundel and Surrey Great Grand Daughter of King Henry III of England

Father: King James III of Scotland 3 x Great Grand Son of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: John Egmont

Great x 3 Grandfather: Arnold Egmont

Great x 2 Grandfather: John Egmont

Great x 1 Grandfather: Arnold Egmont 1st Duke Guelders

GrandMother: Mary of Guelders Queen Consort Scotland 6 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Adolph La Marck II Count La Marck

Great x 3 Grandfather: Adolph La Marck 8 x Great Grand Son of King William "Conqueror" I of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Margaret Cleves Countess Mark 7 x Great Grand Daughter of King William "Conqueror" I of England

Great x 2 Grandfather: Adolph La Marck I Duke Cleves 9 x Great Grand Son of King William "Conqueror" I of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Gerhard Jülich VI Count Berg and Ravensberg 7 x Great Grand Son of King William "Conqueror" I of England

Great x 3 Grandmother: Margaret Jülich Countess Cleves and Mark 8 x Great Grand Daughter of King William "Conqueror" I of England

Great x 1 Grandmother: Catherine La Marck 5 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Philip "Bold" Valois II Duke Burgundy 5 x Great Grand Son of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 3 Grandfather: John "Fearless" Valois Duke Burgundy 3 x Great Grand Son of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Margaret Dampierre Duchess Burgundy 2 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England

Great x 2 Grandmother: Marie Valois Duchess Cleves 4 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Albert Wittelsbach I Duke Bavaria 4 x Great Grand Son of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 3 Grandmother: Margaret Wittelsbach Duchess Burgundy 5 x Great Grand Daughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Margaret Silesia

King James IV of Scotland 4 x Great Grand Son of King Edward III of England

Great x 1 Grandfather: Dietrich Count of Oldenburg

GrandFather: Christian I King Denmark

Great x 1 Grandmother: Helvig of Schauenburg

Mother: Margaret Oldenburg Queen Consort Scotland

GrandMother: Dorothea of Brandenburg

Great x 2 Grandfather: Rudolf III Duke of Saxe-Wittenberg

Great x 1 Grandmother: Barbara of Saxe-Wittenberg