Biography of Henry Somerset 1st Duke Beaufort 1629-1700

In 1628 [his father] Edward Somerset 2nd Marquess Worcester 1602-1667 (25) and Elizabeth Dormer -1635 were married. They were second cousins twice removed.

In 1629 Henry Somerset 1st Duke Beaufort 1629-1700 was born to [his father] Edward Somerset 2nd Marquess Worcester 1602-1667 (26) and Elizabeth Dormer -1635 at Raglan Castle.

On 31 May 1635 [his mother] Elizabeth Dormer -1635 died.

On 18 Dec 1646 [his grandfather] Henry Somerset 1st Marquess Worcester 1577-1646 (69) died at Covent Garden. His son Edward Somerset 2nd Marquess Worcester 1602-1667 (44) succeeded 2nd Marquess Worcester, 6th Earl Worcester 5C 1514.

On 28 Jun 1648 Henry Seymour 1626-1654 (22) and [his future wife] Mary Capell Duchess Beaufort 1630-1715 (17) were married at Little Hadham. They were fourth cousins. He a great x 4 grandson of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.

Execution of Three Lords

On 09 Mar 1649 at the Old Palace Yard three Royalist Lords were beheaded ...

Arthur Capell 1st Baron Capell Hadham 1608-1649 (41) was beheaded. His son Arthur Capell 1st Earl Essex 1632-1683 (17) succeeded 2nd Baron Capell Hadham.

Henry Rich 1st Earl Holland 1590-1649 (58) was beheaded. His son Robert Rich 5th Earl Warwick 2nd Earl Holland 1619-1675 (30) succeeded 2nd Earl Holland. Elizabeth Ingram Countess Holland 1623-1661 (26) by marriage Countess Holland.

James Hamilton 1st Duke Hamilton 1606-1649 (42) was beheaded. His brother William Hamilton 2nd Duke Hamilton 1616-1651 (32) succeeded 2nd Duke Hamilton by special remainder.

John Owen 1600-1666 (49) had been sentenced to death but was subsequently pardoned.

Around 1647 John Hoskins Painter 1590-1664 (copy from original). Portrait of Arthur Capell 1st Baron Capell Hadham 1608-1649. In 1634 Daniel Mijtens Painter 1590-1648. Portrait of Henry Rich 1st Earl Holland 1590-1649. 1639. Follower of Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of Henry Rich 1st Earl Holland 1590-1649.

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Before 25 Jun 1652 [his uncle] Charles Dormer 2nd Earl Carnarvon 1632-1709 and Elizabeth Capell Countess Carnarvon 1633-1678 were married. They were fourth cousins. She by marriage Countess Carnarvon, Baron Dormer of Wyng in Buckinghamshire.

In Jul 1654 William Herbert 1st Marquess Powis 1626-1696 (28) and [his sister] Elizabeth Somerset Marchioness Powis 1635-1691 (19) were married. They were fourth cousins.

Before 1696. Francois de Troy Painter 1645-1730. Portrait of William Herbert 1st Marquess Powis 1626-1696. Around 1674 John Michael Wright 1617-1694. Portrait of Elizabeth Somerset Marchioness Powis 1635-1691.

In 1660 William Seymour 2nd Duke Somerset 1588-1660 (72) died. His grandson [his future step-son] William Seymour 3rd Duke Somerset 1654-1671 (6) succeeded 3rd Duke Somerset 4C 1547.

Before 25 Dec 1660 Henry Somerset 1st Duke Beaufort 1629-1700 and [his wife] Mary Capell Duchess Beaufort 1630-1715 were married.

On 25 Dec 1660 [his son] Charles Somerset Marquess Worcester 1660-1698 was born to Henry Somerset 1st Duke Beaufort 1629-1700 (31) and Mary Capell Duchess Beaufort 1630-1715 (30).

In 1664 [his daughter] Mary Somerset Duchess Ormonde 1664-1733 was born to Henry Somerset 1st Duke Beaufort 1629-1700 (35) and Mary Capell Duchess Beaufort 1630-1715 (33).

Around 1695. Michael Dahl Painter 1659-1743. Portrait of Mary Somerset Duchess Ormonde 1664-1733.

On 03 Apr 1667 [his father] Edward Somerset 2nd Marquess Worcester 1602-1667 (65) died. His son Henry Somerset 1st Duke Beaufort 1629-1700 (38) succeeded 3rd Marquess Worcester, 7th Earl Worcester 5C 1514. Mary Capell Duchess Beaufort 1630-1715 (36) by marriage Marchioness Worcester.

Diary of Samuel Pepys 16 September 1667. 16 Sep 1667. Up, and several come to me, among others Mr. Yeabsly of Plymouth, to discourse about their matters touching Tangier, and by and by Sir H. Cholmly (35), who was with me a good while; who tells me that the Duke of York's (33) child is christened, the Duke of Albemarle (58) and the Marquis of Worcester (38) godfathers, and my Lady Suffolke (45) godmother; and they have named it Edgar, which is a brave name. But it seems they are more joyful in the Chancellor's (58) family, at the birth of this Prince, than in wisdom they should, for fear it should give the King (37) cause of jealousy.

Sir H. Cholmly (35) do not seem to think there is any such thing can be in the King's intention as that of raising the Duke of Monmouth (18) to the Crowne, though he thinks there may possibly be some persons that would, and others that would be glad to have the Queen (28) removed to some monastery, or somewhere or other, to make room for a new wife; for they will all be unsafe under the Duke of York (33). He says the King (37) and Parliament will agree; that is, that the King (37) will do any thing that they will have him. We together to the Exchequer about our Tangier orders, and so parted at the New Exchange, where I staid reading Mrs. Phillips's poems till my wife and Mercer called me to Mrs. Pierce's, by invitation to dinner, where I find her painted, which makes me loathe her, and the nastiest poor dinner that made me sick, only here I met with a Fourth Advice to the Painter upon the coming in of the Dutch to the River and end of the war, that made my heart ake to read, it being too sharp, and so true. Here I also saw a printed account of the examinations taken, touching the burning of the City of London, shewing the plot of the Papists therein; which, it seems, hath been ordered and to have been burnt by the hands of the hangman, in Westminster Palace. I will try to get one of them.

After dinner she showed us her closet, which is pretty, with her James's picture done by Hales, but with a mighty bad hand, which is his great fault that he do do negligently, and the drapery also not very good. Being tired of being here, and sick of their damned sluttish dinner, my wife and Mercer and I away to the King's play-house, to see the "Scornfull Lady"; but it being now three o'clock there was not one soul in the pit; whereupon, for shame, we would not go in, but, against our wills, went all to see "Tu Quoque" again, where there is a pretty store of company, and going with a prejudice the play appeared better to us. Here we saw Madam Morland, who is grown mighty fat, but is very comely. But one of the best arts of our sport was a mighty pretty lady that sat behind, that did laugh so heartily and constantly, that it did me good to hear her.

Thence to the King's house, upon a wager of mine with my wife, that there would be no acting there today, there being no company: so I went in and found a pretty good company there, and saw their dance at the end of he play, and so to the coach again, and to the Cock ale house, and there drank in our coach, and so home, and my wife read to me as last night, and so to bed vexed with our dinner to-day, and myself more with being convinced that Mrs. Pierce paints, so that henceforth to be sure I shall loathe her.

Before 1694 John Michael Wright 1617-1694. Portrait of King James II when Duke of York. Around 1666 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of King James II and Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671. See Diary of Samuel Pepys 24 March 1666. Before 04 Jan 1674 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of King James II wearing his Garter Robes. Around 1672 Henri Gascar Painter 1635-1701. Portrait of King James II. Before 03 Jan 1670  Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of George Monck 1st Duke Albemarle 1608-1670. Before 03 Jan 1670 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of George Monck 1st Duke Albemarle 1608-1670 in his Garter Robes. Before 1675. Remigius van Leemput Painter 1607-1675. Portrait of Barbara Villiers Countess Suffolk 1622-1680. Around 1643. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646. Portrait of Edward Hyde 1st Earl Clarendon 1609-1674. Before 04 Jan 1674 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Edward Hyde 1st Earl Clarendon 1609-1674. Around 1642. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646. Portrait of the future King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. Before 1691. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. Around 1665 John Greenhill Painter 1644-1676. Portrait of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 in his Garter Robes. Around 1661 John Michael Wright 1617-1694. Portrait of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 in his coronation robes. Before 11 Jul 1671 Adriaen Hanneman Painter 1603-1671. Portrait of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. 1675. Hendrick Danckerts Painter 1625-1680. Portrait of Royal Gardener John Rose presenting a pineappel to King Charles II Around 1670. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of James Scott 1st Duke Monmouth 1st Duke Buccleuch 1649-1685. Before 1687 Pieter Borsseler Painter 1634-1687. Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705. Around 1663 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Eleanor Needham Baroness Byron 1627-1664 depicted as Saint Catherine of Alexandria in a guise probably intended to flatter Charles II's Queen, Catherine of Braganza. Accordingly she carries the martyr's palm branch and leans upon a wheel. The sitter looks to two putti in the upper left, one of whom holds a wreath of bay leaves above her head. She is wearing a copper-red dress with a richly decorated blue mantle about her arms. Around 1665 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705. Around 1670 Jacob Huysmans Painter 1633-1696. Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705. Before 1696 Jacob Huysmans Painter 1633-1696. Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705. Before 1696 Jacob Huysmans Painter 1633-1696. Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705.

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Around 1669 [his daughter] Henrietta Somerset Countess Suffolk 1669-1715 was born to Henry Somerset 1st Duke Beaufort 1629-1700 (40) and Mary Capell Duchess Beaufort 1630-1715 (38).

John Evelyn's Diary 18 June 1670. 18 Jun 1670. Dined at Goring House, whither my Lord Arlington (52) carried me from Whitehall with the Marquis of Worcester (41); there, we found Lord Sandwich (44), Viscount Stafford (55), the Lieutenant of the Tower, and others. After dinner, my Lord communicated to me his Majesty's (40) desire that I would engage to write the history of our late war with the Hollanders, which I had hitherto declined; this I found was ill taken, and that I should disoblige his Majesty (40), who had made choice of me to do him this service, and, if I would undertake it, I should have all the assistance the Secretary's office and others could give me, with other encouragements, which I could not decently refuse.

Lord Stafford (55) rose from the table, in some disorder, because there were roses stuck about the fruit when the dessert was set on the table; such an antipathy, it seems, he had to them as once Lady Selenger also had, and to that degree that, as Sir Kenelm Digby (67) tells us, laying but a rose upon her cheek when she was asleep, it raised a blister: but Sir Kenelm was a teller of strange things.

Around 1676 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Henry Bennet 1st Earl Arlington 1618-1685 wearing his Garter Robes. Before 07 Dec 1680 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Henry Bennet 1st Earl Arlington 1618-1685. Around 1650 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Edward Montagu 1st Earl Sandwich 1625-1672. Around 1640 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of Kenelm Digby 1603-1665.

On 29 Sep 1671 [his son] Arthur Somerset 1671-1743 was born to Henry Somerset 1st Duke Beaufort 1629-1700 (42) and Mary Capell Duchess Beaufort 1630-1715 (41).

On 12 Dec 1671 [his step-son] William Seymour 3rd Duke Somerset 1654-1671 (17) died. His uncle John Seymour 4th Duke Somerset 1645-1675 (26) succeeded 4th Duke Somerset 4C 1547. Sarah Alston Duchess Somerset 1642-1692 (29) by marriage Duchess Somerset.

Before 02 Sep 1692 Thomas Gibson Painter 1680-1751. Portrait of Sarah Alston Duchess Somerset 1642-1692.

In 1672 Henry Somerset 1st Duke Beaufort 1629-1700 (43) was appointed 473rd Knight of the Garter by King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (41).

On 17 Apr 1672 Henry Somerset 1st Duke Beaufort 1629-1700 (43) was appointed Privy Council.

On 22 Jul 1673 [his daughter] Anne Somerset Countess Coventry 1673-1763 was born to Henry Somerset 1st Duke Beaufort 1629-1700 (44) and Mary Capell Duchess Beaufort 1630-1715 (42).

In or before 1674 [his brother-in-law] Arthur Capell 1st Earl Essex 1632-1683 (41) and Elizabeth Percy Countess Essex 1636-1718 (37) were married.

On 31 Aug 1676 Thomas Bruce 3rd Earl Elgin 2nd Earl Ailesbury 1656-1741 (20) and [his step-daughter] Elizabeth Seymour Countess Elgin Countess Ailesbury 1655-1697 (21) were married. They were fourth cousins. She a great x 5 granddaughter of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.

1738.François Harrewijn Painter 1700-1764. Portrait of Thomas Bruce 3rd Earl Elgin 2nd Earl Ailesbury 1656-1741.

In 1678 [his sister-in-law] Elizabeth Capell Countess Carnarvon 1633-1678 (45) died.

On 06 Jun 1682 [his son] Charles Somerset Marquess Worcester 1660-1698 (21) and Rebecca Child Marchioness Worcester 1666-1712 (16) were married.

On 02 Dec 1682 Henry Somerset 1st Duke Beaufort 1629-1700 (53) was created 1st Duke Beaufort by King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (52). [his wife] Mary Capell Duchess Beaufort 1630-1715 (52) by marriage Duchess Beaufort.

On 13 Jul 1683 [his brother-in-law] Arthur Capell 1st Earl Essex 1632-1683 (51) committed suicide. His son Algernon Capell 2nd Earl Essex 1670-1710 (12) succeeded 2nd Earl Essex 9C 1641.

John Evelyn's Diary 03 September 1683. 03 Sep 1683. I went to see what had been done by the Duke of Beaufort (54) on his lately purchased house at Chelsea, which I once had the selling of for the Countess of Bristol, he had made great alterations, but might have built a better house with the materials and the cost he had been at.

Saw the Countess of Monte Feltre, whose husband I had formerly known, he was a subject of the Pope's, but becoming a Protestant he resided in England, and married into the family of the Savilles, of Yorkshire. The Count, her late husband, was a very learned gentleman, a great politician, and a goodly man. She was accompanied by her sister, exceedingly skilled in painting, nor did they spare for color on their own faces. They had a great deal of wit.

In 1685 [his son-in-law] James Butler 2nd Duke Ormonde 1665-1745 (19) and Mary Somerset Duchess Ormonde 1664-1733 (21) were married.

On 24 Jun 1686 Henry Horatio O'Brien -1690 and Henrietta Somerset Countess Suffolk 1669-1715 (17) were married.

In 1691 [his son-in-law] Thomas Coventry 2nd Earl Coventry 1662-1710 (29) and Anne Somerset Countess Coventry 1673-1763 (17) were married.

On 16 Mar 1691 [his sister] Elizabeth Somerset Marchioness Powis 1635-1691 (56) died.

Around 1695 [his nephew] William Herbert 2nd Marquess Powis 1660-1745 (35) and Mary Preston Marchioness Powis -1724 were married.

Around 1705. Michael Dahl Painter 1659-1743. Portrait of Mary Preston Marchioness Powis -1724. Powis Castle. Around 1705. Michael Dahl Painter 1659-1743. Portrait of Mary Preston Marchioness Powis -1724. Walmer Castle. Around 1695. Charles D'Agar Painter 1669-1723 (attributed). Portrait of Mary Preston Marchioness Powis -1724.

In 1695 [his son] Arthur Somerset 1671-1743 (23) and Mary Russell 1669- (26) were married.

On 02 Jun 1696 William Herbert 1st Marquess Powis 1626-1696 (70) died. His son [his nephew] William Herbert 2nd Marquess Powis 1660-1745 (36) succeeded 2nd Marquess Powis. Mary Preston Marchioness Powis -1724 by marriage Marchioness Powis. Mary Preston Marchioness Powis -1724 by marriage Marchioness Powis.

In 1697 [his step-daughter] Elizabeth Seymour Countess Elgin Countess Ailesbury 1655-1697 (42) died.

Before 1699 Godfrey Kneller 1646-1723 (52). Portrait of Henry Somerset 1st Duke Beaufort 1629-1700 (69).

On 02 Mar 1699 William Maxwell 5th Earl Nithsale 1676-1744 and [his niece] Winifred Herbert Countess Nithsdale 1680-1749 (19) were married. [his niece] She by marriage Countess Nithsdale.

John Evelyn's Diary 21 January 1700. 21 Jan 1700. Died the Duke of Beaufort (71), a person of great honor, prudence, and estate.

On 21 Jan 1700 Henry Somerset 1st Duke Beaufort 1629-1700 (71) died at Badminton. He was buried at Beaufort Chapel St George's Chapel Windsor Castle. His grandson Henry Somerset 2nd Duke Beaufort 1684-1714 (15) succeeded 2nd Duke Beaufort.

Around 1707. Michael Dahl Painter 1659-1743. Portrait of Henry Somerset 2nd Duke Beaufort 1684-1714. Powis Castle.

On 07 Jan 1715 [his wife] Mary Capell Duchess Beaufort 1630-1715 (84) died.

In 1878 Henry Somerset 1st Duke Beaufort 1629-1700 was buried at St Michael and all Angels Church Badminton.

Survey London Volume 4 Chelsea Part II. In the account in the Architectural Review (May, 1911) I have summarised the later history of the house as follows:—"After the great house had been occupied during the Commonwealth by the Parliamentary Commissioners, Sir Bulstrode Whitlocke and John Lisle, the second Duke of Buckingham regained possession. Lost to him, through his debts, the house ultimately passed (1674) into the hands of the trustees for George Digby, Earl of Bristol, and his Countess sold it in 1682 to Henry, Marquess of Worcester, afterwards Duke of Beaufort, the house remaining in his family until 1720. It was during this period, about the year 1699, that Kip's beautiful view of the mansion - now called Beaufort House — was published, a priceless record of the property, so ruthlessly defaced and destroyed by Sir Hans Sloane after he purchased it in 1737. Mr. Randall Davies, whom I have followed in the account of the occupants of the house, has printed the interesting conveyance of the property to Sloane, and if its description is carefully collated with the information in Kip's view, one is struck by the wonderful accuracy of the latter. Here is the great house as shown by Thorpe, its lodges and its forecourts, the wharf, with its brick towers east and west, the orchard and 'one garden environed with brick walls … and a terrace on the north end, with a banqueting house on the east end of the terrace,' as well as 'one great garden … extending from the terrace and banqueting house into the highway on the north.' This banqueting house is alike in detail to the sketch of 'a summer house, Chelsea,' in the Smithson collection of seventeenth-century drawings, now in the possession of Colonel Coke. But valuable as is the representation of the great house, the print has much more information to give us. The great park is there shown in all its original beauty; the Duke of Beaufort's stables and yard, since converted into the historic chapel and burying ground of the Moravians is to the west; and nearer the river the beautiful Jacobean house of Sir Arthur Gorges (our sole evidence of its character and design) and the house and gardens of the Earls of Lindsey. And to the east, below the wide area of Dovecote Close, laid out as a huge kitchen garden, are the fine pleasure grounds of Danvers House, which had been destroyed but three years before the drawing was published.".

In 1634. Unknown Painter. Portrait of Bulstrode Whitelocke 1605-1675. In 1650. Unknown Painter. Portrait of Bulstrode Whitelocke 1605-1675. Around 1675 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of George Villiers 2nd Duke of Buckingham 1628-1687 wearing his Garter Collar. Around 1637 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of George Digby 2nd Earl Bristol 1612-1677 and William Russell 1st Duke Bedford 1616-1700. Around 1638 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of George Digby 2nd Earl Bristol 1612-1677.

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[his son] Henry Somerset was born to Henry Somerset 1st Duke Beaufort 1629-1700 and Mary Capell Duchess Beaufort 1630-1715.