History of Blackheath

1381 Peasant's Revolt

1415 Southampton Plot

1450 Jack Cade's Rebellion

1497 Cornish Rebellion

1497 Battle of Blackheath aka Deptford Bridge

1540 Anne of Cleves Arrival at London

1554 Wyatt's Rebellion

1690 Battle of the Boyne

Blackheath is in Greenwich.

Peasant's Revolt

Around Jun 1381 John Ball 1338-1381 was released from Maidstone Prison Maidstone by the Kentish rebels. He then preached to the rebels at Blackheath: "When Adam delved and Eve span, Who was then the gentleman? From the beginning all men by nature were created alike, and our bondage or servitude came in by the unjust oppression of naughty men. For if God would have had any bondmen from the beginning, he would have appointed who should be bond, and who free. And therefore I exhort you to consider that now the time is come, appointed to us by God, in which ye may (if ye will) cast off the yoke of bondage, and recover liberty". When the rebels had dispersed, Ball was taken prisoner at Coventry, given a trial in which, unlike most, he was permitted to speak.

Southampton Plot

Chronicle of Gregory 1403-1419. 15 Jun 1415. Al so the same yere the kyng (28) toke his jornay and wagyd10 in to Normandy; and the xv day of Juny the kyng roode thorowe London11 whithe sherevys, aldermen, and alle the comeners brought the kynge at Blacke Hethe; and there the mayre ande alle hys aldermen with alle the comyns toke there leve of [th]e kynge, and the kyng bade the mayre goo home and kepe welle hys chambyr in hys absens, and [yave hym]12 Crystysse blessyng and hys, and he sayde "Cryste save London." And he roode forthe hys way tylle he cam to Hampton, and there he mosteryd hys mayne. And there were certayne personys that had caste to slayne oure kynge, but God that knewe alle trougthe, he sende warnynge to oure kyng; and hys enmys, the whiche namys folowythe aftyr, Syr Richarde Camborowe (29)13, Erle of Cambryge, Syr Harry, Lorde Scrope (42), ande Syr Thomas Gray (30), knyght, with moo of hyr assent, [th]e whiche personys were a-restyde and put in the preson, ande do to dethe.

Note 10. So in MS., but apparently a transcriber's error for "viagyd."

Note 11. So in MS.; but doubtless we should supply here, as the beginning of a new sentence, "And the mayor."

Note 12. Omitted in our MS., but supplied from Vit. A. xvi.

Note 13. Camborowe. Conysborughe in Vit.

Read More ...

1450 Jack Cade's Rebellion

Chronicle of Gregory 1450. Apr 1450. Ande aftyr that the comyns of Kent a rosse with certayne othyr schyrys, and they chesse hem a captayne, the whyche captayne compellyd alle the gentellys to a-rysse why the hem. Ande at the ende of the Parlyment they come whythe a grete myght and a stronge oste unto the Blackehethe, be syde Grene wyche, the nomber of xlvj M [46000] ; and there they made a fylde, dykyd and stakyde welle a-bowt, as hyt ben in the londe of warre, save only they kepte ordyr among them, for als goode was Jacke Robyn as John at the Noke, for alle were as hyghe as pygysfete, unto the tyme that they shulde comyn and speke with suche statys and massyngerys as were sende unto hem; thenne they put alle hyr pouer unto the man that namyd hym captayne of alle hyr oste. And there they a-bode certayne days too the comyng of the kynge (28) fro the Parlymentte at Leyceter. Ande thenne the kyng (28) send unto the captayne dyvers lordys bothe spyrytualle and temporalle, to wytte and to have knowleche of that grette assembelynge and gaderyng of that grete a[n]d mysavysyd feleschyppe. The captayne of hem sendyng worde agayne unto the kynge (28), that hyt was for the wele of hym oure soverayne lorde, and of alle the realme, and for to dystrye the traytours beyng a-boute hym, whythe othyr dyvers poyntys that they wolde see that hyt were in schorte tyme a-mendyde. Uppon whyche answere that the kyng, a thedyr sent by hys lordys, dyd make a crye in the kyngys name of Engelonde that alle the kyngys lege men of Engelonde shulde a-voyde the fylde. And a-pon the nyght aftyr they were alle voydyd and a-goo.

Chronicle of Gregory 1450. 01 Jul 1450. Ande aftyr that, uppon the fyrste day of Juylle, the same captayne come agayne, as the Kenttysche men sayde, but hyt was a-nothyr that namyd hymselfe the captayne, and he come to the Blacke Hethe. And uppon the morowe he come whythe a grette hoste yn to Sowtheworke, and at the Whythe Herte he toke his loggynge.

1497 Cornish Rebellion

On 16 Jun 1497 the rebel army reached Blackheath where they expected to be met by an army of Kent rebels. No uprising had taken place in Kent in their support. Contrarily, Kent forces had mobilised for the King under George Grey 2nd Earl Kent 1454-1505 (43). In view of this thousands deserted overnight.

Battle of Blackheath aka Deptford Bridge

Wriothesley's Chronicle Henry VII. 1498. This yeare was Blackheath feild in June. The Lord Awdley (35) chiefe capteyn with 30,000 Cornishe men. The capteynes put to death, and in August Perkin Warbeck (24) landed in Cornwale, and by pursuit fledd to Bowdley St. Marie, but by appoyntment he came to the Kinge (40), followinge the Courte.Blackheath

Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck Painter 1460-1525 is believed to have painted the portrait of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509. Around 1520 Unknown Painter. Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.

Anne of Cleves Arrival at London

On 30 Jan 1540 Anne of Cleves (24) arrived at Blackheath. Henry Grey 1st Duke Suffolk 1517-1554 (23) carried the Sword of State. William Holles Lord Mayor 1471-1542 (69), Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545 (56), Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl of Sussex 1483-1542 (57), John Vere 15th Earl Oxford 1471-1540 (69), John Vere 16th Earl Oxford 1516-1562 (24), Bishop Robert Parfew aka Warton -1557 and Catherine Willoughby Duchess Suffolk 1519-1580 (20) were present.

Around 1539 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Portrait of Anne of Cleves. Around 1543 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545. Around 1538 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Drawing of the wife of Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl of Sussex 1483-1542. He had three wives. The sitter is believed to his third wife. Around 1535 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Drawing of Catherine Willoughby Duchess Suffolk 1519-1580.

Diary of Henry Machyn July 1551. 06 Jul 1551. The vj day of July the Kynges (13) grace rod thrugh Grenwyche parke unto Blake heth, and my lord of Darbe (42), and my lord of Warwyke (47), and my lord admerall Clyntun (39), and sir Wylliam Harbard (50), and odur lordes and knyghts and gentyllmen, and trumpeters playhyng, and alle the gardes in ther dobelets and ther hosse, with bowes and arowes and halbards ij and ij to-gether, and the Kynges grace in the myds on horsse-bake, and ther the Kynges grace ran at the ryng on Blake heth with lordes and knyghtes. [The earl of Warwick met the King there with a hundred men of arms, and great horses, and gentlemen] in clothe, and brodered the alffe, and the same night the Kyng suppyd at Depforth in a shype with my lord Admyral, [and the lords] of the conselle, and with many gentylmen.

Around 1540 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Portrait of Edward VI King England and Ireland 1537-1553 Around 1546 Unknown Painter. After William Scrots Painter 1517-1553. Portrait of Edward VI King England and Ireland 1537-1553. Around 1547. Workshop of Master John Painter. Portrait of Edward VI King England and Ireland 1537-1553. Around 1532 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Drawing of Edward Stanley 3rd Earl Derby 1509-1572. Around 1538 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Drawing of Edward Clinton 1st Earl Lincoln 1512-1585. Around 1565 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Edward Clinton 1st Earl Lincoln 1512-1585. In 1583 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Edward Clinton 1st Earl Lincoln 1512-1585 wearing his Garter Collar. Around 1560 Steven van der Meulen Painter -1564. Portrait of William Herbert 1st Earl Pembroke 1501-1570.

Diary of Henry Machyn May 1552. 12 May 1552. The xij day of May the Kynges (14) grace [rode through] Grenwyche Parke unto Blake-heth, with ys ga[rd with bows] and arowes, and in ther jerkenes and dobeletes. [The King's] grase ran at the ryng, and odur lordes and kn [yghts.]

Wyatt's Rebellion

Diary of Henry Machyn January 1554. 29 Jan 1554. The xxix day of January master Wyatt (33), master Harper, master Rudston (39), master Knevett (37), and the commons, commyng [marched to] Blake-heth, and so forward toward London with [a great] army commyng.

Around 1550 based on a work of around 1540.Unknown Painter. Portrait of Thomas Wyatt 1521-1554.

John Evelyn's Diary 10 June 1673. 10 Jun 1673. Came to visit and dine with me my Lord Viscount Cornbury (11) and his Lady (10); Lady Frances Hyde, sister to the Duchess of York; and Mrs. Dorothy Howard (22), Maid of Honour [Note. Dorothy Howard and Colonel James Graham 1649-1730 (24) were married in 1675 - may be an example of Evelyn writing his diary retrospectively she being referred to as 'Mrs' although possibly the term was used irrecspective of marriage - see John Evelyn's Diary 09 October 1671]. We went, after dinner, to see the formal and formidable camp on Blackheath, raised to invade Holland; or, as others suspected for another design. Thence, to the Italian glass-house at Greenwich, where glass was blown of finer metal than that of Murano, at Venice.

John Evelyn's Diary 26 June 1673. 26 Jun 1673. Came visitors from Court to dine with me and see the army still remaining encamped on Blackheath.

John Evelyn's Diary 01 May 1683. 01 May 1683. I went to Blackheath, to see the new fair, being the first procured by the Lord Dartmouth (36). This was the first day, pretended for the sale of cattle, but I think in truth to enrich the new tavern at the bowling-green, erected by Snape (39), his Majesty's (52) farrier, a man full of projects. There appeared nothing but an innumerable assembly of drinking people from London, peddlars, etc., and I suppose it too near London to be of any great use to the country.

March was unusually hot and dry, and all April excessively wet.

I planted all the out limits of the garden and long walks with holly.

Around 1642. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646. Portrait of the future King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. Before 1691. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. Around 1665 John Greenhill Painter 1644-1676. Portrait of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 in his Garter Robes. Around 1661 John Michael Wright 1617-1694. Portrait of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 in his coronation robes. Before 11 Jul 1671 Adriaen Hanneman Painter 1603-1671. Portrait of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. 1675. Hendrick Danckerts Painter 1625-1680. Portrait of Royal Gardener John Rose presenting a pineappel to King Charles II

John Evelyn's Diary 18 July 1685. 18 Jul 1685. I went to see the muster of the 6 Scotch and English regiments whom the Prince of Orange (34) had lately sent to his Ma* (51) out of Holland upon this rebellion, but which were now returning, there having ben no occasion for their use. They were all excellently clad and well disciplin'd, and were incamped on Blackheath with their tents: the King (55) and Queene (46) came to see them exercise, and the manner of their incampment, which was very neate and magnificent. By a grosse mistake of the Secretary of his Ma*'s forces, it had ben order'd that they should be quarter'd in private houses, contrary to an Act of Parliament, but on my informing his Ma* timely of it, It was prevented. The two horsemen wch my son and myselfe sent into the county troopes, were now come home, after a moneth's being out to our greate charge.

Around 1680 Willem Wissing Painter 1656-1687. Portrait of King William III of England, Scotland and Ireland 1650-1702 wearing his Garter Collar. Before 1694 John Michael Wright 1617-1694. Portrait of King James II when Duke of York. Around 1666 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of King James II and Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671. See Diary of Samuel Pepys 24 March 1666. Before 04 Jan 1674 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of King James II wearing his Garter Robes. Around 1672 Henri Gascar Painter 1635-1701. Portrait of King James II. Before 1687 Pieter Borsseler Painter 1634-1687. Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705. Around 1663 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Eleanor Needham Baroness Byron 1627-1664 depicted as Saint Catherine of Alexandria in a guise probably intended to flatter Charles II's Queen, Catherine of Braganza. Accordingly she carries the martyr's palm branch and leans upon a wheel. The sitter looks to two putti in the upper left, one of whom holds a wreath of bay leaves above her head. She is wearing a copper-red dress with a richly decorated blue mantle about her arms. Around 1665 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705. Around 1670 Jacob Huysmans Painter 1633-1696. Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705. Before 1696 Jacob Huysmans Painter 1633-1696. Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705. Before 1696 Jacob Huysmans Painter 1633-1696. Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705.

John Evelyn's Diary 16 March 1687. 16 Mar 1687. I saw a trial of those devilish, murdering, mischief doing engines called bombs, shot out of the mortar piece on Blackheath. The distance that they are cast, the destruction they make where they fall, is prodigious.

John Evelyn's Diary 20 July 1690. 20 Jul 1690. This afternoon a camp of about 4,000 men was begun to be formed on Blackheath.

Battle of the Boyne

John Evelyn's Diary 15 August 1690. 15 Aug 1690. I was desired to be one of the bail of the Earl of Clarendon, for his release from the Tower, with divers noblemen. The Bishop of St. Asaph (62) expounds his prophecies to me and Mr. Pepys (57), etc. The troops from Blackheath march to Portsmouth. That sweet and hopeful youth, Sir Charles Tuke (19), died of the wounds he received in the fight of the Boyne, to the great sorrow of all his friends, being (I think) the last male of that family, to which my wife (55) is related. A more virtuous young gentleman I never knew; he was learned for his age, having had the advantage of the choicest breeding abroad, both as to arts and arms; he had traveled much, but was so unhappy as to fall in the side of his unfortunate King (56).

The unseasonable and most tempestuous weather happening, the naval expedition is hindered, and the extremity of wet causes the Siege of Limerick to be raised, King William (39) returned to England. Lord Sidney (41) left Governor of what is conquered in Ireland, which is near three parts [in four].

Before 1661. Remigius van Leemput Painter 1607-1675. Copy of Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680 portrait of Henry Hyde, Viscount Cornbury and his first wife Theodosia Capell. In 1666. John Hayls Painter 1600-1679. Portrait of Samuel Pepys Diarist 1633-1703. See Diary of Samuel Pepys 14 February 1666, Diary of Samuel Pepys 17 March 1666, Diary of Samuel Pepys 23 March 1666, Diary of Samuel Pepys 28 March 1666, Diary of Samuel Pepys 30 March 1666, Diary of Samuel Pepys 04 April 1666, Diary of Samuel Pepys 06 April 1666, Diary of Samuel Pepys 11 April 1666, Diary of Samuel Pepys 20 April 1666, Diary of Samuel Pepys 16 May 1666. In 1689 Godfrey Kneller 1646-1723. Portrait of Samuel Pepys Diarist 1633-1703.

On 09 Mar 1812 Archdeacon Andrew Burnaby 1732-1812 (79) died at Blackheath. He was buried at the Church of St John the Baptist Hungarton.

Ranger's House Blackheath, Greenwich, Kent