Biography of Hans Holbein The Younger 1497-1543

Hans Holbein The Younger 1497-1543 is in Painters.

Around 1497 Hans Holbein The Younger was born in Augsburg.

Around 1526 Hans Holbein The Younger (age 29) made his first visit to England being welcomed by Thomas More (age 47).

Around 1526 Hans Holbein The Younger (age 29). Portrait of John More (age 18).

John More: In 1508 he was born to Thomas More and Jane Colt. Before 08 Aug 1531 he and Anne Cresacre were married. In 1547 he died.

Around 1527 Hans Holbein The Younger (age 30). Drawing of Nicholas Carew of Beddington in Surrey (age 31).

Around 1527 Hans Holbein The Younger (age 30). Portrait of John More (age 76).

In 1527 Hans Holbein The Younger (age 30). Portrait of Mary Wotton (age 28) when she was twenty-seven commissioned with that of her husband Henry Guildford (age 38) possibly to celebrate their marriage. Hung with gold chains and embellished with pearls, Baroness Guildford embodies worldly prosperity, and with her prayer book she is also the very image of propriety.

Mary Wotton: In 1499 she was born to Robert Wotton of Boughton Malherbe. Around 1527 Henry Guildford and she were married. In 1535 Mary Wotton died.

In 1527 Hans Holbein The Younger (age 30). Portrait of Henry Guildford (age 38) wearing the Garter and Inter twined Knots Collar with St George Pendant. Standing three-quarter length, richly dressed in velvet, fur and cloth-of-gold. Holbein has meticulously shown the varied texture of his cloth-of-gold double which is woven into a pomegranate pattern with a variety of different weaves including loops of gold thread. Similarly, he has carefully articulated the band of black satin running down Guildford's arm against the richer black of the velvet of his sleeve. A lavish use of both shell-gold paint and gold leaf (which has been used to emulate the highlights of the gold thread in the material) emphasises the luxuriousness of the sitter's dress and his high status. In his right-hand he holds the Comptroller of the Household Staff of Office.

1527 Hans Holbein The Younger (age 30). Known as "Lady with a Squirrel and a Starling". The subject is believed to be Anne Ashby wife of Francis Lovell (age 19). The starling is probably intended as a rhyming pun of East Harling, Norfolk [Map], where the family had recently inherited the estate of East Harling Hall. Squirrels nibbling on nuts feature on the heraldry of the Lovell family: the windows of the Church of St Peter and St Paul, East Harling [Map] include two of the family's arms in stained glass, each showing six red squirrels. The commission may commemorate the birth of a son to the couple in the spring of 1526, but it also showed off their new status as wealthy landowners.

Anne Ashby: She was born to George Ashby of Harefield. Before 1539 Francis Lovell and she were married. In 1539 she died.

Francis Lovell: Before 1508 he was born to Gregory Lovell of Barton Bendish. In 1552 he died.

Around 1527 Hans Holbein The Younger (age 30). Portrait of Brian Tuke.

Around 1527 Hans Holbein The Younger (age 30). Portrait of Cecily More (age 20).

Cecily More: In 1507 she was born to Thomas More and Jane Colt. In 1521 Giles Heron became the ward of Thomas More whose daughter Cecily More he subsequently married. In 1525 Giles Heron and she were married.

1527 Hans Holbein The Younger (age 30). Portrait of Thomas More (age 48) wearing a Lancastrian Esses Collar with Beaufort Portcullis and Tudor Rose Pendant.

Around 1528 Hans Holbein The Younger (age 31). Portrait of Nicholas Kratzer (age 41) surrounded by the tools of his trade, and with an unfinished polyhedral sundial.

In Aug 1528 Hans Holbein The Younger (age 31) returned to Basel, possibly to preserve his citizenship, buying a house in St.Johanns-Vorstadt paying a third in advance. The adoption of iconoclasm resulted in his receiving less commissions which may, eventually, have influenced his decision to return to England in 1532.

Around Aug 1528. Hans Holbein The Younger (age 31). Portrait of his wife and children.

Before 1532 Hans Holbein The Younger (age 35). Portrait of Archbishop William Warham (age 81).

Around 1532 Hans Holbein The Younger (age 35). Portrait of [possibly] Anne Parr Countess Pembroke (age 16).

Around 1532 Hans Holbein The Younger (age 35). Drawing of (probably) Charles Wingfield (age 19).

Charles Wingfield: In 1513 he was born to Richard Wingfield and Bridget Wiltshire. Around 1536 Charles Wingfield and Joan Knollys were married. On 24 May 1540 Charles Wingfield died.

1532. Hans Holbein The Younger (age 35). Portrait of a Member of the Wedigh Family.

1532. Hans Holbein The Younger (age 35). Portrait of George Geise of Gdańsk (age 34). The painting is believed to be full of symbolism include the vase near the esge of the table representeding the precarious nature of life, carnations representing engagement, rosemary representing friendship.

George Geise of Gdańsk: On 02 Apr 1497 he was born. On 03 Feb 1562 he died.

Around 1532 Hans Holbein The Younger (age 35). Drawing of Philip Hoby (age 27).

Around 1532 Hans Holbein The Younger (age 35). Probably Elizabeth Stonor (age 32).

Elizabeth Stonor: Around 1500 she was born to Walter Stonor and Anne Foliot. After 08 May 1522 William Compton and she were married. Before 1540 Philip Hoby and she were married.

Around 1532 Hans Holbein The Younger (age 35). Drawing of an unknown lady. Possibly Maud Green Lady in Waiting.

Around 1532 Hans Holbein The Younger (age 35). Drawing of Edward Stanley 3rd Earl of Derby (age 22).

Between 1532 and 1543. Hans Holbein The Younger (age 35). Portrait of Thomas Wentworth 1st Baron Wentworth (age 31).

In 1532 Hans Holbein The Younger (age 35) returned to England where he completed a number or portraits of German merchants of the Steelyard [Map] which was near to his rented house in Maiden Lane.

1533 Aug 1528. Hans Holbein The Younger (age 36). Portrait of Robert Cheeseman (age 48).

1533 Hans Holbein The Younger (age 36). The Ambassadors.

Around 1533 Hans Holbein The Younger (age 36). Drawing of Margaret Barrow (age 33).

Margaret Barrow: In 1500 she was born. Around 1520 Thomas Elyot and she were married. In 1546 James Dyer and she were married. On 26 Aug 1560 she died.

Around 1533 Hans Holbein The Younger (age 36). Drawing of Henry Howard (age 17).

Around 1533 Hans Holbein The Younger (age 36). Drawing of Henry Howard (age 17).

Around 1533 Hans Holbein The Younger (age 36). Drawing of Frances Vere Countess of Surrey (age 16).

Around 1533 Hans Holbein The Younger (age 36). Drawing of Thomas Elyot (age 43).

Thomas Elyot: Around 1490 he was born. On 26 Mar 1546 he died.

Around 1534 Hans Holbein The Younger (age 37). Drawing of Queen Anne Boleyn of England (age 33). The attribution is contentious.

Around 1535 Hans Holbein The Younger (age 38). Portrait of William Roper (age 39).

William Roper: Around 1496 he was born to John Roper of Well Hall. Around 1519 William Roper and Margaret More were married. On 04 Jan 1578 William Roper died.

Around 1535 Hans Holbein The Younger (age 38). Drawing of Catherine Willoughby Duchess Suffolk (age 15).

Around 1535 Hans Holbein The Younger (age 38). Portrait of Thomas Wriothesley 1st Earl of Southampton (age 29).

Around 1535 Hans Holbein The Younger (age 38). Drawing of John Poyntz (age 51).

John Poyntz: In 1484 he was born to Robert Poyntz and Margaret Woodville. Around 1526 John Poyntz and Elizabeth Browne were married. In or before 1542 John Poyntz and Margaret Saunders were married. The difference in their ages was 26 years. On 29 Nov 1544 John Poyntz died.

Around 1535 Hans Holbein The Younger (age 38). Drawing of Nicholas Poyntz (age 25).

Around 1536 Hans Holbein The Younger (age 39). Drawing of Elizabeth Cheney Baroness Vaux Harrowden (age 31)

Elizabeth Cheney Baroness Vaux Harrowden: Around 1505 she was born to Thomas Cheney and Anne Parr. Before 14 Aug 1535 Thomas Vaux 2nd Baron Vaux Harrowden and she were married. She by marriage Baroness Vaux Harrowden. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Edward III of England. On 20 Nov 1556 Elizabeth Cheney Baroness Vaux Harrowden died.

Around 1536 Hans Holbein The Younger (age 39). Portrait of Thomas Wyatt (age 33).

Around 1536 Hans Holbein The Younger (age 39). Drawing of Thomas Strange of Hunstanton (age 43).

Thomas Strange of Hunstanton: In 1493 he was born to Robert Strange of Elsing at Hunstanton, Norfolk. In or before 1515 Thomas Strange of Hunstanton and Anne Vaux were married. She a great x 4 granddaughter of King Edward III of England. On 16 Jan 1545 Thomas Strange of Hunstanton died at Hunstanton, Norfolk.

Around 1536 Hans Holbein The Younger (age 39). Drawing of Thomas Vaux 2nd Baron Vaux Harrowden.

Around 1536 Hans Holbein The Younger (age 39). Portrait of William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl of Southampton (age 46).

1536. Hans Holbein The Younger (age 39). Portrait of Derick Berck of Cologne (age 30). The sitter is identified by the letter in his hand, which is addressed "To the honorable and pious Derick Berck, London, at the Steelyard [. .] Deliver to the carrier". The other inscription on the cartellino refers to a passage from Virgil's Aeneid that reads, "Olim meminisse iuvabit ie "One day, we'll look back on this and smile" from Virgil's, Aeneid, Line 204." Exhorting perseverance, this statement might have been the sitter's personal motto.

Derick Berck of Cologne: Around 1506 he was born.

Around 1536 Hans Holbein The Younger (age 39). Drawing of Richard Southwell (age 33).

Around 1536 Hans Holbein The Younger (age 39). Drawing of Margaret More (age 31) known by her married name of "Margaret Roper".

Margaret More: In 1505 she was born to Thomas More and Jane Colt. In 1544 she died.

1536 Hans Holbein The Younger (age 39). Portrait of King Henry VIII of England and Ireland (age 44).

1536 Hans Holbein The Younger (age 39). Portrait of William Roper (age 40).

Before 1537 Hans Holbein The Younger (age 40). Portrait of Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire and Ormonde (age 59).

1537 Hans Holbein The Younger (age 40). Portrait of Mary Brandon Baroness Monteagle (age 27).

Mary Brandon Baroness Monteagle: In 1510 she was born to Charles Brandon 1st Duke of Suffolk and Anne Browne. Before 1527 Thomas Stanley 2nd Baron Monteagle and she were married. She by marriage Baroness Monteagle. She the daughter of Charles Brandon 1st Duke of Suffolk and Anne Browne. They were third cousin once removed. He a great x 4 grandson of King Edward III of England. In 1542 Mary Brandon Baroness Monteagle died.

Around 1537 Hans Holbein The Younger (age 40). Drawing of Elizabeth Jenks Baroness Rich (age 27).

1537. Hans Holbein The Younger (age 40). Portrait of Queen Jane Seymour (age 28) wearing a pendant with the letters IHS ie the first three letters of Christ's name in Greek.

Around 1538 Hans Holbein The Younger (age 41). Drawing of the wife of Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl of Sussex (age 55). He had three wives. The sitter is believed to his third wife.

Around 1538 Hans Holbein The Younger (age 41). Drawing of Edward Clinton 1st Earl Lincoln (age 26).

Around 1538 Hans Holbein The Younger (age 41). Drawing of Mary Zouche (age 26).

Mary Zouche: Around 1512 she was born to John Zouche 8th Baron Zouche Harringworth and Dorothy Capell Baroness Zouche Harringworth.

Around 1538 Hans Holbein The Younger (age 41). Drawing of George Brooke 9th Baron Cobham (age 41).

1538 Hans Holbein The Younger (age 41). Portrait of Christina Oldenburg Duchess Lorraine (age 16).

Around 1538 Hans Holbein The Younger (age 41). Drawing of Mary Shelton (age 28). The attribution is somewhat uncertain. She, Mary, was married after Holbein's death so the title "The Lady Hanagham" would be insconsistent. However, some argue that the title was added after the painting was originally completed. If not Mary Shelton (age 28) then possibly her husband's mother Alice Shelton.

Alice Shelton: She was born to Ralph Shelton and Margaret Clere. Around 1467 Edmund Bedingfield and she were married. Before 1501 John Heveningham of Ketteringham and she were married. On 06 Oct 1540 Alice Shelton died. She was buried at Church of St Margaret, Heveningham.

After 1538 Hans Holbein The Younger (age 41). Drawing of Elizabeth Grey Baroness Audley based on she having become Baroness Audley on 29 Nov 1538. Coloured chalks, silverpoint, pen and ink on pink-primed paper, 29.2 × 20.7 cm, Royal Collection, Windsor Castle. The drawing is inscribed, by a later hand than Holbein's, "The Baroness Audley".

On 10 Mar 1538 Philip Hoby (age 33) arrived in Brussels [Map] with Hans Holbein The Younger (age 41) having been sent by Thomas Cromwell 1st Earl Essex (age 53) to procure a portrait of Christina Oldenburg Duchess Lorraine (age 16). King Henry VIII of England and Ireland (age 46) received the protrait on 18 Mar 1538 and was reported to have been pleased.

Letters and Papers 1538. 23 Mar 1538. Spanish Calendar, V. ii. No. 220. 583. Chapuys (age 48) to the Queen of Hungary (age 32).

She has done well in writing to Cromwell (age 53), who was much gratified by her letter. The French ambassadors have had difficulty in getting an interview with the King (age 46), and were ill received; on which the Bishop of Tarbes said to the Venetian secretary he would do his best to promote a peace between the Emperor and France. Next day the Bishop received a present of 500 cr. and 150 cr. for a gentleman of his suite; but he has not yet got his passports, which the King (age 46) will probably not give till he has heard from Spain. On the same day, the 18th, the painter (age 41) returned with the Duchess' (age 16) likeness, which has pleased the King (age 46) much, and put him in much better humour. He has been masking and visiting the Duchess of Suffolk (age 19), &c. Does not think, however, that he is pleased at the meeting arranged between the Pope, the Emperor, and Francis. London, 23 March 1538.From a MS. at Vienna.

In Aug 1538 Philip Hoby (age 33) and Hans Holbein The Younger (age 41) travelled to Joinville to procure a portrait of Margaret Valois Duchess Berry and Savoy (age 15).

Around 1539. Possibly Hans Holbein The Younger (age 42). Portrait of Thomas Parry (age 24). K. T. Parker, in his study of the Windsor drawings, wrote: "The attribution is particularly difficult. Ganz's omission of the drawing may not be unjustified; but in spite of a rather soft and flabby dilineation, there is yet much of Holbein in it, and the way in which the hat badge is rendered in a separate sketch could not accord better with his common practice

Thomas Parry: Around 1515 he was born to Henry Vaughan of Tretower Court. Originally known as Thomas ap Harry ie Thomas son of Harry he became known as Thomas Parry. After 09 Jul 1539 he and Anne Reade were married. On 15 Dec 1560 he died.

Around 1539 Hans Holbein The Younger (age 42). Portrait believed to be of Elizabeth Seymour Baroness Cromwell Oakham (age 21).

Around 1539 Hans Holbein The Younger (age 42). Drawing of William Parr 1st Marquess Northampton (age 27).

Around 1539 Hans Holbein The Younger (age 42). Portrait of Anne of Cleves Queen Consort England (age 23).

Around 1540 Hans Holbein The Younger (age 43). Portrait of King Edward VI of England and Ireland (age 2)

1540 Hans Holbein The Younger (age 43). Miniature portrait of King Henry VIII of England and Ireland (age 48).

1541 Hans Holbein The Younger (age 44). Miniature portrait of Charles Brandon 3rd Duke of Suffolk (age 4).

Charles Brandon 3rd Duke of Suffolk: In 1537 he was born to Charles Brandon 1st Duke of Suffolk and Catherine Willoughby Duchess Suffolk. Henry Machyn's Diary. 22 Sep 1551. The xxij day of September was the monyth ['s mind of the] ij dukkes of Suffoke [Note. Henry Brandon 2nd Duke of Suffolk and Charles Brandon 3rd Duke of Suffolk] in Chambryge-shyre, with [ij] standards, ij baners grett of armes and large, and banars rolles of dyver armes, with ij elmets, ij [swords, ij] targetts crownyd, ij cotes of armes, ij crests, and [ten dozen] of schochyons crounyd; and yt was grett pete of [their] dethe, and yt had plesyd God, of so nobull a stok they wher, for ther ys no more left of them.

1541 Hans Holbein The Younger (age 44). Miniature portrait of Henry Brandon 2nd Duke of Suffolk (age 5).

Around 1541 Hans Holbein The Younger (age 44). Henry VIII Handing Over a Charter to Thomas Vicary, Commemorating the Joining of the Barbers and Surgeons Guilds. See Samuel Pepys' Diary 1663 February 27.

Around 1542 Hans Holbein The Younger (age 45). Drawing of William Sharington (age 47).

Around 1543. Hans Holbein The Younger (age 46). Portrait of William Butts (age 57).

Around 1543. Hans Holbein The Younger (age 46). Henry VIII Presenting a Charter to the Barber Surgeons Company. The picture includes William Butts (age 57). See An Historical Account of Fulham Page 80.

Before 29 Nov 1543 Hans Holbein The Younger (age 46) died.

After 1548. Hans Holbein The Younger. Portrait of Richard Rich 1st Baron Rich (age 51). Black and coloured chalks, pen and Indian ink on pink-primed paper, 32.2 × 26.5 cm. The drawing is in bad condition, with a water stain along the bottom and another by the left eye. Part of the Royal Collection.

Around 1627 Hans Holbein The Younger. Portrait of Anne Cresacre.

Anne Cresacre: On 03 May 1511 she was born to Edward Cresacre. On 02 Dec 1577 she died.

Evelyn's Diary. 15 Feb 1649. At Du Bois, we saw two tables of Putti, that were gotten, I know not how, out of the Castle of St. Angelo, by old Petit, thought to be Titian's; he had some good heads of Palma, and one of Stenwyck. Bellcar showed us an excellent copy of his Majesty's Sleeping Venus and the Satyr, with other figures; for now they had plundered, sold, and dispersed a world of rare paintings of the King's, and his loyal subjects. After all, Sir William Ducy showed me some excellent things in miniature, and in oil of Holbein's; Sir Thomas More's head, and a whole-length figure of Edward VI., which were certainly his Majesty's; also a picture of Queen Elizabeth; the Lady Isabella Thynne (age 25); a rare painting of Rothenhamer, being a Susanna; and a Magdalen, of Quintin, the blacksmith; also a Henry VIII., of Holbein; and Francis I., rare indeed, but of whose hand I know not.

Evelyn's Diary. 08 May 1654. I went to Hackney, to see Lady Brook's garden, which was one of the neatest and most celebrated in England, the house well furnished, but a despicable building. Returning, visited one Mr. Tomb's garden; it has large and noble walks, some modern statues, a vineyard, planted in strawberry borders, staked at ten feet distances, the banqueting-house of cedar, where the couch and seats were carved à l'antique; some good pictures in the house, especially one of Vandyke's, being a man in his shirt; also some of Stenwyck. I also called at Mr. Ducie's, who has indeed a rare collection of the best masters, and one of the largest stories of H. Holbein. I also saw Sir Thomas Fowler's aviary, which is a poor business.

Evelyn's Diary. 10 Aug 1655. To Albury, to visit Mr. Howard (age 27), who had begun to build, and alter the gardens much. He showed me many rare pictures, particularly the Moor on horseback; Erasmus, as big as the life, by Holbein; a Madonna, in miniature, by Oliver; but, above all, the skull, carved in wood, by Albert Durer, for which his father was offered £100; also Albert's head, by himself, with divers rare agates, intaglios, and other curiosities.

Evelyn's Diary. 06 Dec 1660. I waited on my brother (age 43) and sister Evelyn to Court. Now were presented to his Majesty (age 30) those two rare pieces of drollery, or rather a Dutch Kitchen, painted by Dowe, so finely as hardly to be distinguished from enamel. I was also shown divers rich jewels and crystal vases; the rare head of Jo. Bellino, Titian's master; Christ in the Garden, by Hannibal Caracci; two incomparable heads, by Holbein; the Queen-Mother (age 51) in a miniature, almost as big as the life; an exquisite piece of carving; two unicorn's horns, etc. This in the closet.

Pepy's Diary. 27 Feb 1663. Up and to my office, whither several persons came to me about office business. About 11 o'clock, Commissioner Pett (age 52) and I walked to Chyrurgeon's Hall (we being all invited thither, and promised to dine there); where we were led into the Theatre [Map]; and by and by comes the reader, Dr. Tearne, with the Master and Company, in a very handsome manner: and all being settled, he begun his lecture, this being the second upon the kidneys, ureters, &c., which was very fine; and his discourse being ended, we walked into the Hall, and there being great store of company, we had a fine dinner and good learned company, many Doctors of Phisique, and we used with extraordinary great respect. Among other observables we drank the King's health out of a gilt cup given by King Henry VIII to this Company, with bells hanging at it, which every man is to ring by shaking after he hath drunk up the whole cup. There is also a very excellent piece of the King, done by Holbein, stands up in the Hall, with the officers of the Company kneeling to him to receive their Charter.

1667. Remigius van Leemput (age 59). Copy (for which he received £150) of Hans Holbein's "Whitehall Mural" of King Henry VIII of England and Ireland, King Henry VII of England and Ireland, Elizabeth York Queen Consort England and Queen Jane Seymour. The original was destroyed in a fire in 1698.

Pepy's Diary. 08 Oct 1667. At last, rose, and up, and broke our fast, and then took coach, and away, and at Newport [Map] did call on Mr. Lowther (age 26), and he and his friend, and the master of the house, their friend, where they were, a gentleman, did presently get a-horseback and overtook us, and went with us to Audley-End [Map], and did go along with us all over the house and garden: and mighty merry we were. The house indeed do appear very fine, but not so fine as it hath heretofore to me; particularly the ceilings are not so good as I always took them to be, being nothing so well wrought as my Chancellor's (age 58) are; and though the figure of the house without be very extraordinary good, yet the stayre-case is exceeding poor; and a great many pictures, and not one good one in the house but one of Harry the Eighth, done by Holben; and not one good suit of hangings in all the house, but all most ancient things, such as I would not give the hanging-up of in my house; and the other furniture, beds and other things, accordingly1. Only the gallery is good, and, above all things, the cellars, where we went down and drank of much good liquor; and indeed the cellars are fine: and here my wife and I did sing to my great content.

Note 1. Mr. George T. Robinson, F.S.A., in a paper on "Decorative Plaster Work", read before the Society of Arts in April, 1891, refers to the ceilings at Audley End as presenting an excellent idea of the state of the stuccoer's art in the middle of James I's reign, and adds, "Few houses in England can show so fine a series of the same date ... The great hall has medallions in the square portions of the ceiling formed by its dividing timber beams. The large saloon on the principal floor-a room about 66 feet long by 30 feet wide-has a very remarkable ceiling of the pendentive type, which presents many peculiarities, the most notable of which, that these not only depend from the ceiling, but the outside ones spring from the walls in a natural and structural manner. This is a most unusual circumstance in the stucco work of the time, the reason for the omission of this reasonable treatment evidently being the unwillingness of the stuccoer to omit his elaborate frieze in which he took such delight" ("Journal Soc. of Arts", vol. xxxix., p. 449).

Evelyn's Diary. 10 Sep 1677. To divert me, my Lord (age 59) would needs carry me to see Ipswich, Suffolk [Map], when we dined with one Mr. Mann by the way, who was Recorder of the town. There were in our company my Lord Huntingtower (age 28), son to the Duchess of Lauderdale (age 50), Sir Edward Bacon, a learned gentleman of the family of the great Chancellor Verulam, and Sir John Felton, with some other knights and gentlemen. After dinner came the bailiff and magistrates in their formalities with their maces to compliment my Lord (age 59), and invite him to the town-house, where they presented us a collation of dried sweetmeats and wine, the bells ringing, etc. Then, we went to see the town, and first, the Lord Viscount Hereford's (age 3) house, which stands in a park near the town, like that at Brussels, in Flanders; the house not great, yet pretty, especially the hall. The stews for fish succeeded one another, and feed one the other, all paved at bottom. There is a good picture of the blessed virgin in one of the parlors, seeming to be of Holbein, or some good master. Then we saw the Haven, seven miles from Harwich [Map]. The tide runs out every day, but the bedding being soft mud, it is safe for shipping and a station. The trade of Ipswich, Suffolk [Map] is for the most part Newcastle upon Tyne [Map] coals, with which they supply London; but it was formerly a clothing town. There is not any beggar asks alms in the whole place, a thing very extraordinary, so ordered by the prudence of the magistrates. It has in it fourteen or fifteen beautiful churches: in a word, it is for building, cleanness, and good order, one of the best towns in England. Cardinal Wolsey was a butcher's son of Ipswich, but there is little of that magnificent Prelate's foundation here, besides a school and I think a library, which I did not see. His intentions were to build some great thing. We returned late to Euston, Suffolk, having traveled about fifty miles this day.

Evelyn's Diary. 23 Aug 1678. Upon Sir Robert Reading's (age 38) importunity, I went to visit the Duke of Norfolk (age 50), at his new palace at Weybridge, where he has laid out in building near £10,000, on a copyhold, and in a miserable, barren, sandy place by the street side; never in my life had I seen such expense to so small purpose. The rooms are wainscotted, and some of them richly pargeted with cedar, yew, cypress, etc. There are some good pictures, especially that incomparable painting of Holbein's, where the Duke of Norfolk, Charles Brandon and Henry VIII., are dancing with the three ladies, with most amorous countenances, and sprightly motion exquisitely expressed. It is a thousand pities (as I told my Lord of Arundel (age 23), his son), that that jewel should be given away.

Evelyn's Diary. 27 Aug 1678. I took leave of the Duke (age 50), and dined at Mr. Henry Bruncker's (age 51), at the Abbey of Sheene [Map], formerly a monastery of Carthusians, there yet remaining one of their solitary cells with a cross. Within this ample inclosure are several pretty villas and fine gardens of the most excellent fruits, especially Sir William Temple's (lately Ambassador into Holland), and the Lord Lisle's (age 29), son to the Earl of Leicester (age 59), who has divers rare pictures, above all, that of Sir Brian Tuke's, by Holbein.

Evelyn's Diary. 02 Sep 1680. There are besides many pompous volumes, some embossed with gold, and intaglios on agates, medals, etc. I spent three or four entire days, locked up, and alone, among these books and curiosities. In the rest of the private lodgings contiguous to this, are divers of the best pictures of the great masters, Raphael, Titian, etc., and in my esteem, above all, the "Noli me tangere" of our blessed Savior to Mary Magdalen after his Resurrection, of Hans Holbein; than which I never saw so much reverence and kind of heavenly astonishment expressed in a picture.

Evelyn's Diary. 10 Mar 1687. I went this evening to see the order of the boys and children at Christ's Hospital. There were near 800 boys and girls so decently clad, cleanly lodged, so wholesomely fed, so admirably taught, some the mathematics, especially the forty of the late King's foundation, that I was delighted to see the progress some little youths of thirteen or fourteen years of age had made. I saw them at supper, visited their dormitories, and much admired the order, economy, and excellent government of this most charitable seminary. Some are taught for the Universities, others designed for seamen, all for trades and callings. The girls are instructed in all such work as becomes their sex and may fit them for good wives, mistresses, and to be a blessing to their generation. They sang a psalm before they sat down to supper in the great Hall, to an organ which played all the time, with such cheerful harmony, that it seemed to me a vision of angels. I came from the place with infinite satisfaction, having never seen a more noble, pious, and admirable charity. All these consisted of orphans only. The foundation was of that pious Prince King Edward VI., whose picture (held to be an original of Holbein is in the court where the Governors meet to consult on the affairs of the Hospital, and his statue in white marble stands in a niche of the wall below, as you go to the church, which is a modern, noble, and ample fabric. This foundation has had, and still has, many benefactors.

Evelyn's Diary. 23 Apr 1696. I went to Eton [Map], and dined with Dr. Godolphin, the provost. The schoolmaster assured me there had not been for twenty years a more pregnant youth in that place than my grandson (age 14). I went to see the King's House at Kensington. It is very noble, though not great. The gallery furnished with the best pictures [from] all the houses, of Titian, Raphael, Correggio, Holbein, Julio Romano, Bassan, Vandyke, Tintoretto, and others; a great collection of porcelain; and a pretty private library. The gardens about it very delicious.

Minutes of the Society of Antiquaries. 18 Mar 1719. Mr Vertue according to order having been at Kensington to view the copy of Holbein's picture of Henry the Eighth on the wall at Whitehall reports that the picture is about 4 foot long 3 foot broad wherein are the effigies of the King and his Queen, Henry VII and his Queen but the faces are so small that if it be reduced to a size fit for engraving he thinks it will not answer the intentions of the Society.

Survey London Volume 4 Chelsea Part II. Sir Thomas More lived here for some fourteen years until his attainder in 1535. He loved to escape from London and from the Court, and to give himself up to his family and his own literary pursuits in his Chelsea home, and here he entertained many friends, among whom were Erasmus and Holbein. The latter may well have designed the beautiful capitals in the More chapel, in the old church (dated 1528), which show his hand as plainly as the ceiling of the Chapel Royal of St. James's Palace, which was executed in 1540.