History of Winchester Cathedral

Winchester Cathedral is in Winchester.

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 600-649. 643. This year Kenwal succeeded to the kingdom of the West-Saxons, and held it one and thirty winters. This Kenwal ordered the old church at Winchester to be built in the name of St. Peter. He was the son of Cynegils.

Before 660 Bishop Wine of London -672 was consecrated 1st Bishop of Winchester.

Bede's Ecclesiastical History of England Book 4 Chapter 12. 673. Eleutherius was the fourth bishop of the West Saxons; for Birinus was the first, Agilbert the second, and Wine the third. When Coinwalch, in whose reign the said Eleutherius was made bishop, died, his under-rulers took upon them the kingdom of the people, and dividing it among themselves, held it ten years ; and during their rule he died, and Heddi succeeded him in the bishopric, having been consecrated by Theodore (71), in the city of London; during whose prelacy, Cadwalla (14), having subdued and removed those rulers, took upon him the government. When he had reigned two years, and whilst the same bishop still governed the church, he quitted his sovereignty for the love of the heavenly kingdom, and, going away to Rome, ended his days there, as shall be said more fully hereafter.

Around 676 Bishop Hædde -705 was appointed Bishop of Winchester.

In 676 Bishop Hedda -705 was appointed Bishop of Winchester.

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 700-749. 703. This year died Bishop Hedda, having held the see of Winchester twenty-seven winters.

Bede's Ecclesiastical History of England Book 5 Chapter 18 How the South Saxons received Eadbert and Eolla and the West Saxons Daniel and Aldhelm for their bishops; and of the writings of the same Aldhelm. [705 a.d.]. 705. In the year of our Lord 705, Aldfrid, king of the Northumbrians, died before the end of the twentieth year of his reign. His son Osred (8), a boy about eight years of age, succeeding him in the throne, reigned eleven years. In the beginning of his reign, Haedde, bishop of the West Saxons, departed to the heavenly life; for he was a good man and a just, and his life and doctrine as a bishop were guided rather by his innate love of virtue, than by what he had gained from books. The most reverend bishop, Pechthelm, of whom we shall speak hereafter in the proper place, and who while still deacon or monk was for a long time with his successor Aldhelm (66), was wont to relate that many miracles of healing have been wrought in the place where he died, through the merit of his sanctity; and that the men of that province used to carry the dust thence for the sick, and put it into water, and the drinking thereof, or sprinkling with it, brought health to many sick men and beasts; so that the holy dust being frequently carried away, a great hole was made there.

Upon his death, the bishopric of that province was divided into two dioceses. One of them was given to Daniel, which he governs to this day; the other to Aldhelm (66), wherein he presided most vigorously four years; both of them were fully instructed, as well in matters touching the Church as in the knowledge of the Scriptures. Aldhelm (66), when he was as yet only a priest and abbot of the monastery which is called the city of Maildufus, by order of a synod of his own nation, wrote a notable book against the error of the Britons, in not celebrating Easter at the due time, and in doing divers other things contrary to the purity of doctrine and the peace of the church; and through the reading of this book many of the Britons, who were subject to the West Saxons, were led by him to adopt the Catholic celebration of our Lord's Paschal Feast. He likewise wrote a famous book on Virginity, which, after the example of Sedulius, he composed in twofold form, in hexameters and in prose. He wrote some other books, being a man most instructed in all respects, for he had a polished style, and was, as I have said, of marvellous learning both in liberal and ecclesiastical studies. On his death, Forthere was made bishop in his stead, and is living at this time, being likewise a man very learned in the Holy Scriptures.

Whilst they administered the bishopric, it was determined by a synodal decree, that the province of the South Saxons, which till that time belonged to the diocese of the city of Winchester, where Daniel then presided, should itself have an episcopal see, and a bishop of its own. Eadbert, at that time abbot of the monastery of Bishop Wilfrid, of blessed memory, called Selaeseu, was consecrated their first bishop. On his death, Eolla succeeded to the office of bishop. He also died some years ago, and the bishopric has been vacant to this day.

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In 705 Bishop Daniel of Winchester -745 was appointed Bishop of Winchester.

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 700-749. 744. This year Daniel resigned the see of Winchester; to which Hunferth was promoted. The stars went swiftly shooting; and Wilferth the younger, who had been thirty winters Bishop of York [Note. Probably a mistake for Worcester], died on the third day before the calends of May.

In 744 Bishop Hunferth of Winchester -754 was consecrated Bishop of Winchester.

In 756 Bishop Cyneheard of Winchester -778 was consecrated Bishop of Winchester.

On 30 Oct 852 Bishop Swithun -863 was consecrated Bishop of Winchester.

Between 878 and 879 Bishop Denewulf -908 was appointed Bishop of Winchester.

In 909 Bishop Frithestan -933 was appointed Bishop of Winchester.

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 900-949. 910. This year Frithestan took to the bishopric of Winchester; and Asser died soon after, who was Bishop of Sherborne. The same year King Edward (36) sent an army both from Wessex and Mercia, which very much harassed the northern army by their attacks on men and property of every kind. They slew many of the Danes, and remained in the country five weeks. This year the Angles and the Danes fought at Tootenhall; and the Angles had the victory. The same year Ethelfleda (40) built the fortress at Bramsbury.

In May 931 Bishop Beornstan -934 was consecrated Bishop of Winchester.

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 900-949. 932. This year Burnstan was invested Bishop of Winchester on the fourth day before the calends of June; and he held the bishopric two years and a half.

In 935 Bishop Ælfheah "The Bald" -951 was elected Bishop of Winchester.

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 900-949. 935. This year Bishop Elfheah took to the bishopric of Winchester.

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 950-999. 963. This year died Wulfstan, the deacon, on Childermass-day; (42) and afterwards died Gyric, the mass-priest. In the same year took Abbot Athelwold (59) to the bishopric of Winchester; and he was consecrated on the vigil of St. Andrew, which happened on a Sunday. On the second year after he was consecrated, he made many minsters; and drove out the clerks (43) from the bishopric, because they would hold no rule, and set monks therein. He made there two abbacies; one of monks, another of nuns. That was all within Winchester. Then came he afterwards to King Edgar (20), and requested that he would give him all the minsters that heathen men had before destroyed; for that he would renew them. This the king cheerfully granted; and the bishop came then first to Ely, where St. Etheldritha lies, and ordered the minster to be repaired; which he gave to a monk of his, whose name was Britnoth, whom he consecrated abbot: and there he set monks to serve God, where formerly were nuns. He then bought many villages of the king, and made it very rich. Afterwards came Bishop Athelwold (59) to the minster called Medhamsted, which was formerly ruined by heathen folk; but he found there nothing but old walls, and wild woods. In the old walls at length he found hid writings which Abbot Hedda (59) had formerly written;—how King Wulfhere and Ethelred his brother had wrought it, and how they freed it against king and against bishop, and against all worldly service; and how Pope Agatho confirmed it with his writ, as also Archbishop Deusdedit. He then ordered the minster to be rebuilt; and set there an abbot, who was called Aldulf; and made monks, where before was nothing. He then came to the king, and let him look at the writings which before were found; and the king then answered and said: "I Edgar grant and give to-day, before God and before Archbishop Dunstan (54), freedom to St. Peter's minster at Medhamsted, from king and from bishop; and all the thorps that thereto lie; that is, Eastfield, and Dodthorp, and Eye, and Paston. And so I free it, that no bishop have any jurisdiction there, but the abbot of the minster alone. And I give the town called Oundle, with all that thereto lieth, called Eyot-hundred, with market and toll; so freely, that neither king, nor bishop, nor earl, nor sheriff, have there any jurisdiction; nor any man but the abbot alone, and whom he may set thereto. And I give to Christ and St. Peter, and that too with the advice of Bishop Athelwold (59), these lands;—that is, Barrow, Warmington, Ashton, Kettering, Castor, Eylesworth, Walton, Witherington, Eye, Thorp, and a minster at Stamford. These lands and al the others that belong to the minster I bequeath clear; that is, with sack and sock, toll and team, and infangthief; these privileges and all others bequeath I clear to Christ and St. Peter. And I give the two parts of Whittlesey-mere, with waters and with wears and fens; and so through Meerlade along to the water that is called Nen; and so eastward to Kingsdelf. And I will that there be a market in the town itself, and that no other be betwixt Stamford and Huntingdon. And I will that thus be given the toll;—first, from Whittlesey-mere to the king's toll of Norman-cross hundred; then backward again from Whittlesey-mere through Meerlade along to the Nen, and as that river runs to Crowland; and from Crowland to Must, and from Must to Kingsdelf and to Whittlesey-mere. And I will that all the freedom, and all the privileges, that my predecessors gave, should remain; and I write and confirm this with the rood-token of Christ." (+)—Then answered Dunstan, the Archbishop of Canterbury, and said: "I grant, that all the things that here are given and spoken, and all the things that thy predecessors and mine have given, shall remain firm; and whosoever breaketh it, then give I him God's curse, and that of all saints, and of all hooded heads, and mine, unless he come to repentance. And I give expressly to St. Peter my mass-hackle, and my stole, and my reef, to serve Christ." "I Oswald, Archbishop of York, confirm all these words through the holy rood on which Christ was crucified." (+) "I Bishop Athelwold (59) bless all that maintain this, and I excommunicate all that break it, unless they come to repentance."—Here was Bishop Ellstan, Bishop Athulf, and Abbot Eskwy, and Abbot Osgar, and Abbot Ethelgar, and Alderman Elfere; Alderman Ethelwin, Britnoth and Oslac aldermen, and many other rich men; and all confirmed it and subscribed it with the cross of Christ. (+) This was done in the year after our Lord's Nativity 972, the sixteenth year of this king. Then bought the Abbot Aldulf lands rich and many, and much endowed the minster withal; and was there until Oswald, Archbishop of York, was dead; and then he was chosen to be archbishop. Soon after another abbot was chosen of the same monastery, whose name was Kenulf, who was afterwards Bishop of Winchester. He first made the wall about the minster, and gave it then the name of Peterborough, which before was Medhamsted. He was there till he was appointed Bishop of Winchester, when another abbot was chosen of the same monastery, whose name was Elfsy, who continued abbot fifty winters afterwards. It was he who took up St. Kyneburga and St. Kyneswitha, that lay at Castor, and St. Tibba, that lay at Ryhall; and brought them to Peterborough, and offered them all to St. Peter in one day, and preserved them all the while he was there.

i.e. the secular clergy, who observed no rule; opposed to the regulars, or monks.

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On 29 Nov 963 Bishop Æthelwold 904-984 (59) was consecrated Bishop of Winchester.

Before 29 Nov 963 Bishop Æthelwold 904-984 was elected Bishop of Winchester.

On 14 Oct 984 Archibishop Ælfheah 953-1012 (31) was consecrated Bishop of Winchester.

On 28 Oct 984 Archibishop Ælfheah 953-1012 (31) was enthroned Bishop of Winchester.

In 1006 Bishop Ælfheah -1012 was elected Bishop of Winchester.

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 1000-1049. 1043. This year was Edward (40) consecrated king at Winchester, early on Easter-day, with much pomp. Then was Easter on the third day before the nones of April. Archbishop Edsy consecrated him, and before all people well admonished him. And Stigand the priest was consecrated bishop over the East Angles. And this year, fourteen nights before the mass of St. Andrew, it was advised the king, that he and Earl Leofric and Earl Godwin (42) and Earl Siward (33) with their retinue, should ride from Gloucester to Winchester unawares upon the lady (58); and they deprived her (58) of all the treasures that she had; which were immense; because she was formerly very hard upon the king her son, and did less for him than he wished before he was king, and also since: but they suffered her to remain there afterwards. And soon after this the king determined to invest all the land that his mother (58) had in her hands, and took from her all that she had in gold and in silver and in numberless things; because she formerly held it too fast against him. Soon after this Stigand was deprived of his bishopric; and they took all that he had into their hands for the king, because he was highest the counsel of his mother; and she acted as he advised, as men supposed.

On 03 Apr 1043 Edward "Confessor" King England 1003-1066 (40) was crowned King England at Winchester Cathedral.

Before 1075 Richard Normandy 1054-1074 was killed whilst hunting at New Forest. He was buried at Winchester Cathedral.

On 03 Aug 1100 William Giffard Bishop of Winchester -1129 was appointed Bishop of Winchester.

In 1129 Henry Blois Bishop of Winchester 1098-1171 (31) was appointed Bishop of Winchester.

On 27 Aug 1172 Henry the Young King (17) and Margaret Capet 1157-1197 (15) were married at Winchester Cathedral. They were half fourth cousins. Margaret's dowry included the Vexin; the border between France and Normandy. On the same day they were both crowned by Rotrou Newburgh Archbishop Rouen -1183.

On 15 Sep 1189 Richard "Lionheart" I King England 1157-1199 (32) held a Council meeting at Pipewell at which he appointed a number of Bishops:

William Longchamp Bishop of Ely -1197 was elected Bishop of Ely.

Godfrey Lucy Bishop of Winchester -1204 was elected Bishop of Winchester.

Richard Fitzneal Bishop of London 1130-1198 (59) was elected Bishop of London.

Hubert Walter Archbishop of Canterbury 1160-1205 (29) was elected Bishop of Salisbury.

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On 22 Oct 1189 two of Richard's new Bishops were consecrated ...

Godfrey Lucy Bishop of Winchester -1204 was consecrated Bishop of Winchester.

Hubert Walter Archbishop of Canterbury 1160-1205 (29) was consecrated Bishop of Salisbury.

In Apr 1194 Richard "Lionheart" I King England 1157-1199 (36) was re-crowned I King England at Winchester Cathedral. William de Vere Bishop of Hereford -1198 was present.

Around Mar 1205 Bishop Peter de Roches -1238 was elected Bishop of Winchester.

On 24 Mar 1206 Bishop Peter de Roches -1238 was consecrated Bishop of Winchester.

In 1240 Aymer Lusignan Bishop of Winchester 1222-1250 (18) was appointed Bishop of Winchester.

On 02 Mar 1268 Nicholas Ely Bishop -1280 was translated to Bishop of Winchester at Worcester Cathedral by Pope Clement IV.

On 27 May 1268 Nicholas Ely Bishop -1280 was enthroned as Bishop of Winchester at Winchester Cathedral.

In Oct 1366 William of Wykeham Chancellor Bishop Winchester 1320-1404 (46) was elected Bishop of Winchester.

On 10 Oct 1367 William of Wykeham Chancellor Bishop Winchester 1320-1404 (47) was consecrated Bishop of Winchester at Old St Paul's Cathedral.

In Jul 1368 William of Wykeham Chancellor Bishop Winchester 1320-1404 (48) was enthroned Bishop of Winchester at Winchester Cathedral.

On 27 Sep 1404 William of Wykeham Chancellor Bishop Winchester 1320-1404 (84) died at Bishop's Waltham. He was buried in a chantry chapel on the south side of Winchester Cathedral.

On 19 Nov 1404 Cardinal Henry Beaufort 1375-1447 (29) was appointed Bishop of Winchester.

On 11 Apr 1447 Cardinal Henry Beaufort 1375-1447 (72) died at Wolvesey Castle. He was buried in his Chantry Chapel at Winchester Cathedral.

On 13 Jul 1447 Bishop William Waynflete 1398-1486 (49) was consecrated Bishop of Winchester.

On 24 Sep 1486 Arthur Tudor Prince of Wales 1486-1502 was christened at Winchester Cathedral by Bishop John Alcock 1430-1500 (56).

Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (71) held the child. His godparents included Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504 (51), William Fitzalan 16th Earl Arundel 1417-1487 (68), John Vere 13th Earl Oxford 1442-1513 (44), Thomas Fitzalan 17th Earl Arundel 1450-1524 (36), Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (49) and Cecily York Viscountess Welles 1469-1507 (17).

Richard Woodville 3rd Earl Rivers 1453-1491 (33) was present.

Around 1500. Unknown Painter. Portrait of Arthur Tudor Prince of Wales 1486-1502.

Before 16 Oct 1486 Bishop Robert Morton 1435-1497 was appointed Archdeacon Winchester.

In 1487 Peter Courtenay Bishop of Exeter Bishop of Winchester -1492 was appointed Bishop of Winchester.

In Aug 1501 Richard Foxe Bishop 1448-1528 (53) was elected Bishop of Winchester.

On 05 Oct 1528 Richard Foxe Bishop 1448-1528 (80) died at Wolvesey Castle. He was buried at Winchester Cathedral where he has a Chantry Chapel.

In 1531 Stephen Gardiner Bishop of Winchester 1483-1555 (48) was appointed Bishop of Winchester.

On 08 Mar 1551 Bishop John Ponet 1514-1556 (37) was elected Bishop of Winchester.

In 1553 Stephen Gardiner Bishop of Winchester 1483-1555 (70) was appointed Bishop of Winchester.

Wriothesley's Chronicle Mary I 2nd Year 23 Jul 1554. 23 Jul 1554. The 23 of Julie the Prince of Spayne (27) came to Winchesterd about vi of the clock at night, accompanied with noblemen as well of England as of his owne countriea, with trumpetts blowinge and bells ringinge, and came to the Cathedrall churche, where he alighted. And there the Bishop of Winchester, Lord Chauncellor (71), with 4 bishops more, with the priests, singinge-men, and children, receaved him with procession in riche copes and with iii crosses up into the quiere, where was a riche traves richlye hanged for him; and there he kneeled downe before the sacrament; and then the Lord Chauncellor began Te Deum, the organs playinge and the quier singinge the rest. This done he was brought out with torche light to his lodginge throughe the cloyster to the Deanes howsse, all the Queens garde standinge in their riche cotes all the waye. He was apparelled in a riche cote richlie imbroydered with goulde, and an hatt much like the same with a feather in it. The same night afler he had supped, which was about x of the clock, certeyne of the Councell brought him to the Queen (38) by a secrett waye, where she receaved him right lovinglye and kissed him, and after halfe an howre they tooke their leave, eche kissinge the other, and so departed that night to his lodginge.

d. Philip lingered a few days at Southampton, where he disembarked, as if in order to ascertain the humour of the nation, as one of his ambassadors, the Count of Egmont (31), had been recently violently assaulted by the populace, who mistook him for his master.

a. He came well attended with a bodyguard and troops.

Around 1573 Sofonisba Anguissola Painter 1532-1625. Portrait of Philip Around 1560 Antonis Mor Painter 1517-1577. Portrait of Philip Around 1550. Titian Painter 1488-1576. Portrait of Philip Around 1554. Titian Painter 1488-1576. Portrait of Philip Around 1594. Juan Pantoja de La Cruz Painter 1553–1608. Portrait of Philip Around 1554 Antonis Mor Painter 1517-1577. Portrait of Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558. Around 1556 Hans Eworth Painter 1520-1574. Portrait of Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558. 1579. Frans Pourbus the Elder Painter 1545-1581. Portrait of Lamoral Count of Egmont and Prince of Gaverre 1522-1568

On 25 Jul 1554 Prince Philip of Spain (27) and Queen Mary (38) were married by Stephen Gardiner Bishop of Winchester 1483-1555 (71) at Winchester Cathedral. They were first cousins once removed. He a great x 5 grandson of King Edward III England. She a daughter of King Henry VIII of England and Ireland 1491-1547.

John Gage Lord Chamberlain 1479-1556 (74) bore the queen's train.

Magdalen Dacre Viscountess Montague 1538-1608 (16) took part in the Bridal Procession.

In 1556 Bishop John White 1510-1560 (46) was appointed Bishop of Winchester.

On 28 Feb 1556 Stephen Gardiner Bishop of Winchester 1483-1555 (73) was buried at Winchester Cathedral.

In 1559 Bishop John White 1510-1560 (49) was deprived of his see of Bishop of Winchester and imprisoned.

In 1560 Bishop Robert Horne 1510-1579 (49) was consecrated Bishop of Winchester.

Diary of Henry Machyn January 1560. 15 Jan 1560. The xv day of January was cared to be bered master doctor Whyt (50), late byshope of Wynchester, unto Wynchester, and bered ther.

Before 29 Feb 1560 Bishop James Pilkington 1520-1576 was elected Bishop of Winchester but he declined the post.

Diary of Henry Machyn February 1560. 29 Feb 1560. The xxix of Feybruary was bered in sant Martens parryche the wyff (40) of master (blank) Cage (45) sarter [salter], and he gayff xx ... gownes and xij mantyll frys gownes unto xij pore women, and xij clarkes syngyng; and master Pylkyngton (40) dyd pryche, the nuw byshope of Wynchastur [Note. He was elected Bishop of Winchester but he declined it. He was subsequently elected Bishop of Durham], and after a dolle of money, a j d. a-pesse.

Diary of Henry Machyn November 1560. 19 Nov 1560. The xix day of November was electyd the byshope of Wynchester at the cowrt, master Horne (50) late dene of Durram.

In 1596 Bishop Thomas Bilson 1547-1616 (49) was appointed Bishop of Winchester.

In 1597 Bishop Thomas Bilson 1547-1616 (50) was appointed Bishop of Winchester for which he paid Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (63) an annuity of £400.

Around 1546. William Scrots Painter 1517-1553. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland before her accession painted for her father. Around 1570 Hans Eworth Painter 1520-1574. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland. In 1579 George Gower Painter 1540-1596. The Plimton Sieve Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland. Around 1585 William Segar Painter 1554-1663. Ermine Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland. Around 1592 Marcus Gheeraerts Painter 1562-1636. The Ditchley Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland. After 1585 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland. Around 1563 Steven van der Meulen Painter -1564. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland.

On 19 Mar 1602 Robert Burgh 10th Baron Cobham Sternborough 8th Baron Strabolgi 4th Baron Burgh 1594-1602 (8) was buried at Winchester Cathedral.

On 03 Jul 1616 James Montagu Bishop of Winchester 1568-1618 (48) was translated to Bishop of Winchester.

In Feb 1619 Bishop Lancelot Andrewes 1555-1626 (64) was translated to Bishop of Winchester.

In 1628 Richard Neale Archbishop 1562-1640 (65) was elected Bishop of Winchester.

John Evelyn's Diary 03 October 1642. 03 Oct 1642. To Chichester, and hence the next day to see the Siege of Portsmouth; for now was that bloody difference between the King and Parliament broken out, which ended in the fatal tragedy so many years after. It was on the day of its being rendered to Sir William Waller (45); which gave me an opportunity of taking my leave of Colonel Goring (34), the governor, now embarking for France. This day was fought that signal battle at Edgehill. Thence I went to Southampton and Winchester, where I visited the castle, school, church, and King Arthur's Round Table; but especially the church, and its Saxon kings' monuments, which I esteemed a worthy antiquity.

In 1660 Brian Duppa Bishop 1589-1662 (70) was elected Bishop of Winchester.

Before 1662 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694. Portrait of Brian Duppa Bishop 1589-1662.

In 1662 George Morley Bishop 1598-1684 (63) was translated to Bishop of Winchester.

In 1679 Richard Meggot -1692 was appointed Dean Winchester.

John Evelyn's Diary 06 July 1679. 06 Jul 1679. Now were there papers, speeches, and libels, publicly cried in the streets against the Dukes of York (45) and Lauderdale (63), etc., obnoxious to the Parliament, with too much and indeed too shameful a liberty; but the people and Parliament had gotten head by reason of the vices of the great ones.

There was now brought up to London a child, son of one Mr. Wotton, formerly amanuensis to Dr. Andrews, Bishop of Winton, who both read and perfectly understood Hebrew, Greek, Latin, Arabic, Syriac, and most of the modern languages; disputed in divinity, law, and all the sciences; was skillful in history, both ecclesiastical and profane; in politics; in a word, so universally and solidly learned at eleven years of age, that he was looked on as a miracle. Dr. Lloyd (42), one of the most deeply learned divines of this nation in all sorts of literature, with Dr. Burnet (35), who had severely examined him, came away astonished, and they told me they did not believe there had the like appeared in the world. He had only been instructed by his father, who being himself a learned person, confessed that his son knew all that he himself knew. But, what was more admirable than his vast memory, was his judgment and invention, he being tried with divers hard questions, which required maturity of thought and experience. He was also dexterous in chronology, antiquities, mathematics. In sum, an intellectus universalis, beyond all that we read of Picus Mirandula, and other precocious wits, and yet withal a very humble child.

Before 1694 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694. Portrait of King James II when Duke of York. Around 1666 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of King James II and Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671. See Diary of Samuel Pepys 24 March 1666. Before 04 Jan 1674 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of King James II wearing his Garter Robes. Around 1672 Henri Gascar Painter 1635-1701. Portrait of King James II. Before 05 Aug 1661 Cornelius Johnson Painter 1593-1661. Portrait of Thomas Hales 3rd Baronet Hales 1695-1762 and John Maitland 1st Duke Lauderdale 1616-1682. Ham House Ham Richmond. Around 1665 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of John Maitland 1st Duke Lauderdale 1616-1682. Around 1675 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of John Maitland 1st Duke Lauderdale 1616-1682 and Elizabeth Murray Duchess Lauderdale 1626-1698. Before 07 Dec 1680 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of John Maitland 1st Duke Lauderdale 1616-1682 wearing his Garter Robes. Around 1670 Jacob Huysmans Painter 1633-1696. Portrait of John Maitland 1st Duke Lauderdale 1616-1682. Around 1675 Mary Beale aka Cradock Painter 1633-1699. Portrait of Gilbert Burnet Bishop of Salisbury 1643-1715. Before 1687 Pieter Borsseler Painter 1634-1687. Portrait of Gilbert Burnet Bishop of Salisbury 1643-1715.

In 1684 Peter Mews Bishop 1619-1706 (64) was elected Bishop of Winchester.

John Evelyn's Diary 07 March 1684. 07 Mar 1684. Dr. Meggot, Deane of Winchester, preached an incomparable sermon, (the King (53) being now gone to Newmarket,) on 12 Heb. 15. shewing and pathetically pressing the care we ought to have least we come short of the grace of God. Afterwards I went to visite Dr. Tenison (47) at Kensington, whither he was retired to refresh after he had ben sick of the smallpox.

Around 1642. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646. Portrait of the future Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. Before 1691. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. Around 1665 John Greenhill Painter 1644-1676. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 in his Garter Robes. Around 1661 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 in his coronation robes. Before 11 Jul 1671 Adriaen Hanneman Painter 1603-1671. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. 1675. Hendrick Danckerts Painter 1625-1680. Portrait of Royal Gardener John Rose presenting a pineappel to King Charles II

John Evelyn's Diary 16 September 1685. 16 Sep 1685. The next morning setting out early, we ariv'd soon enough at Winchester to waite on the King (51), who was lodg'd at the Dean's (Dr. Meggot). I found very few with him besides my Lords Feversham (44), Arran [Note. Not clear which Earl of Arran], Newport (65), and the Bishop of Bath and Wells (48). His Ma* (51) was discoursing with the Bishops concerning miracles, and what strange things the Saludadors would do in Spaine, as by creeping into heated ovens without hurt, and that they had a black crosse in the roofe of their mouthes, but yet were commonly notorious and profane wretches; upon which his Majesty (51) further said, that he was so extreamly difficult of miracles, for feare of being impos'd upon, that if he should chance to see one himselfe, without some other witness, he should apprehend it a delusion of his senses. Then they spake of ye boy who was pretended to have a wanting leg restor'd him, so confidently asserted by Fr. de Sta Clara and others. To all which the Bishop added a greate miracle happening In Winchester to his certaine knowledge, of a poor miserably sick and decrepit child (as I remember long kept unbaptiz'd), who immediately on his baptism recover'd; as also of yc salutary effect of K. Charles his Ma*s father's blood, in healing one that was blind.

There was something said of the second sight happening to some persons, especialy Scotch; upon which his Ma*, and I think Lord Arran, told us that Mons a French nobleman, lately here in England, seeing the late Duke of Monmouth come into yc play-house at London, suddenly cried out to somebody sitting in the same box, Voila Monsieur comme il entre sans tete. Afterwards his Ma* (51) spoke of some reliques that had effected strange cures, particularly a piece of our Bl. Saviour's Crosse, that heal'd a gentleman's rotten nose by onely touching; and speaking of the golden crosse and chaine taken out of the coffin of St. Edward the Confessor at Westmr*, by one of the singing men, who, as the scaffolds were taking down after his Ma*s coronation, espying a hole in the tomb, and something glisten, put his hand in, and brought it to the Deane, and he to the King (55); his Maty began to put the Bishop in mind how earnestly the late King (his brother) call'd upon him, during his agonie, to take out what he had in his pocket. I had thought, said the King (55), it had ben for some keys, which might lead to some cabinet that his Ma* would have me secure; but, says he, you well remember that I found nothing in any of his pockets but a crosse of gold, and a few insignificant papers; and thereupon he shew'd us the crosse, and was pleas'd to put it into my hand. It was of gold, about three inches long, having on one side a crucifix enamell'd and emboss'd, the rest was grav'd and garnish'd with goldsmiths' work, and two pretty broad table amethists (as I conceiv'd), and at the bottom a pendant pearle; within was inchas'd a little fragment, as was thought, of the true Crosse, and a Latine inscription in gold and Roman letters. More company coming in, this discourse ended. I may not forget a resolution which his Ma* made, and had a little before enter'd upon it at ye Council Board at Windsor or Whitehall, that the Negroes in the Plantations should all be baptiz'd, exceedingly declaiming against that impiety of their masters prohibiting it, out of a mistaken opinion that they would be ipso facto free; but his Ma* persists in his resolution to have them christen'd, wch piety ye Bishop blessed him for.

I went out to see the new Palace the late King had began, and brought almost to the covering. It is plac'd on the side of the hill where formerly stood the old Castle. It is a stately fabric, of three sides and a corridor, all built of brick, and cornish'd, windows and columns at the break and entrance of free-stone. It was intended for a hunting-house when his Ma* should come to these parts, and has an incomparable prospect. I believe there had already ben £20,000 and more expended, but his now Majesty (55) did not seeme to encourage the finishing It, at least for a while.

Hence I went to see the Cathedral, a reverend pile, and in good repaire. There are still the coffins of the six Saxon Kings, whose bones had ben scatter'd by the sacrilegious Rebells of 1641, in expectation, I suppose, of finding some valuable reliques, and afterwards gather'd up againe and put into new chests, wch stand above the stalls of the Choir.

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John Evelyn's Diary 08 July 1686. 08 Jul 1686. Dr. Meggot, Dean of Winchester preached before the household in St. George's Chapel at Windsor, the late King's glorious chapel now seized on by the mass priests. Dr. Cartwright (52), Dean of Ripon, preached before the great men of the Court in the same place.

We had now the sad news of the Bishop of Oxford's (61) death, an extraordinary loss to the poor Church at this time. Many candidates for his Bishopric and Deanery, Dr. Parker, South, Aldrich, etc. Dr. Walker (now apostatizing) came to Court, and was doubtless very busy.

Before 1680 Gilbert Soest Painter 1605-1681. Portrait of Thomas Cartwright Bishop of Chester 1634-1689.

John Evelyn's Diary 03 March 1687. 03 Mar 1687. Dr. Meggott, Dean of Winchester, preached before the Princess of Denmark (22), on Matt. xiv. 23. In the afternoon, I went out of town to meet my Lord Clarendon, returning from Ireland.

In 1703 John Closterman Painter 1660-1711. Portrait of Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714. Before 24 May 1711 John Closterman Painter 1660-1711. Possibly school of. Portrait of Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714. In 1686 Willem Wissing Painter 1656-1687. Portrait of Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714. Around 1705. Michael Dahl Painter 1659-1743. Portrait of Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714. Before 1661. Remigius van Leemput Painter 1607-1675. Copy of Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680 portrait of Henry Hyde, Viscount Cornbury and his first wife Theodosia Capell.

In 1707 Bishop Jonathan Trelawny 3rd Baronet 1650-1721 (56) was appointed Bishop of Winchester.

Around 1720 Godfrey Kneller 1646-1723. Portrait of Bishop Jonathan Trelawny 3rd Baronet 1650-1721.

In 1807 Thomas Grey 4th Baron Walsingham 1778-1839 (28) was appointed Archdeacon Winchester.

On 05 Jan 1816 Lieutenant General Sir George Prévost 1st Baronet 1767-1816 (48) died. Memorial in Winchester Cathedral sculpted by Francis Leggatt Chantrey 1781-1841 (34).

Around 1850 Jean Baptiste Roy Audy Painter 1778-1848. Portrait of Lieutenant General Sir George Prévost 1st Baronet 1767-1816. 1831. Henry Pierce Bone Painter 1779-1855 after John Jackson Painter 1778-1831. Portrait of Francis Leggatt Chantrey 1781-1841 in black morning suit, blue waistcoat with gold fob-seal, standing beside the bust of William Hyde Wollaston, F.R.S. (1766-1828) on a plinth signed, dated and inscribed on the counter-enamel 'Francis Chantrey Sculptor. R.A. London 1831. Painted in Enamel Around 1834. Martin Archer Shee Painter 1769-1850. Portrait of Francis Leggatt Chantrey 1781-1841. Around 1834. Martin Archer Shee Painter 1769-1850. Portrait of Francis Leggatt Chantrey 1781-1841. 1818. Thomas Phillips 1770-1845. Portrait of Francis Leggatt Chantrey 1781-1841. Half-length aged 37, holding a modelling tool, his left arm on a marble head; bald head with dark hair at sides, hazel eyes, dark complexion; voluminous grey coat, white filled shirt open at neck and fastened with brooch; statuette of Lady Louisa Russell in left background.

On 18 Jan 1817 Jane Austen Author 1775-1817 (41) died. Memorial in Winchester Cathedral.

In 1819 Augustus George Legge Archdeacon Winchester 1773-1828 (45) was appointed Archdeacon Winchester.

Before 18 Aug 1825 Charles Augustus North 1785-1825 was appointed Prebendary Winchester Cathedral.

In 1827 Charles Richard Sumner Bishop Winchester 1790-1874 was appointed Bishop of Winchester.

1833. Martin Archer Shee Painter 1769-1850. Portrait of Charles Richard Sumner Bishop Winchester 1790-1874 in the Robes of the Order of the Garter. Bishop Charles Sumner was not a Garter Knight. He is wearing the Robes probably in his capacity as Chaplain, or Register, of the Order of the Garter.

Before 1835 William Garnier -1835 was appointed Prebendary Winchester Cathedral.

On 02 Jun 1908 General Redvers Henry Buller VC 1839-1908 (68) died at Downes House Downes Crediton. He was buried in the Church of the Holy Cross Crediton. Memorial in Winchester Cathedral sculpted by Bertram Mckennal Sculptor 1863-1931 (44).

On 15 Sep 1952 Very Rev Frederic Athelwold Iremonger 1878-1952 (74) died. Memorial in Winchester Cathedral sculpted by Bertram Mckennal Sculptor 1863-1931 (89).

Bede's Ecclesiastical History of England Book 4 Chapter 5. "In the name of our Lord God and Saviour Jesus Christ, who reigns for ever and for ever, and governs his church, it was thought meet that we should assemble, according to the custom of the venerable canons, to treat about the necessary affairs of the church. We met on the 24th day of September, the first indiction, at a place called Hertford, myself, Theodore, the unworthy bishop of the see of Canterbury, appointed by the Apostolic See, our fellow-priest and most reverend brother, Bisi, bishop of the East Angles; also by his proxies, our brother and fellow-priest, Wilfrid, bishop of the nation of the Northumbrians, as also our brothers and fellow priests, Putta, bishop of the Kentish castle, called Rochester; Eleutherius, bishop of the West Saxons, and Winfrid, bishop of the province of the Mercians. When we were all met together, and were sat down in order, I said, ' I beseech you, most dear brothers, for the love and fear of our Redeemer, that we may all treat in common for our faith ; to the end that whatsoever has been decreed and defined by the holy and revered fathers, may be inviolably observed by all.' This and much more I spoke tending to the preservation of the charity and unity of the church; and when I had ended my discourse, I asked every one of them in order, whether they consented to observe the things that had been formerly canonically decreed by the fathers ? To which all our fellow-priests answered, ' It so pleases us, and we will all most willingly observe with a cheerful mind whatever is laid down in the canons of the holy fathers.' I then produced the said book of canons, and publicly showed them ten chapters in the same, which I had marked in several places, because I knew them to be of the most importance to us, and entreated that they might be most particularly received by them all.

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North Aisle of Winchester Cathedral.

Choir of Winchester Cathedral.