Biography of Anne of Denmark Queen Consort Scotland England and Ireland 1574-1619

1559 Christian III King Denmark Dies Frederick II Succeeds

1600 Baptism of Prince Charles

1603 Death of Queen Elizabeth I Accession of James I

1603 Arrival of Anne of Denmark

1603 The Entertainment at Althorp

1604 Masque of the Twelve Goddesses

1605 New Years Honours

1605 Masque of Blackness

1605 Christening of Princess Mary Stuart

1605 Marriage of Philip Herbert and Susan Howard

1608 Masque of Beauty

1610 Prince Henry invested as Prince of Wales and Earl Chester

1610 Tethy's Festival Masque

1612 Death of Prince Frederick

1613 Marriage of Elizabeth Stewart and Frederick V Elector Palatine

1616 Investiture of Charles as Prince of Wales

1617 Masque of Cupid's Banishment

1619 Funeral of Anne of Denmark

1625 Death of James I

Christian III King Denmark Dies Frederick II Succeeds

On 01 Jan 1559 [her grandfather] Christian III King Denmark 1503-1559 (55) died. Frederick II King Denmark 1534-1588 (24) succeeded II King Denmark.

On 20 Jul 1572 [her father] Frederick II King Denmark 1534-1588 (38) and Sophie Mecklenburg-Schwerin Queen Consort Denmark 1557-1631 (14) were married. They were second cousins once removed. She by marriage Queen Consort Denmark.

On 12 Dec 1574 Anne of Denmark was born to [her father] Frederick II King Denmark 1534-1588 (40) and Sophie Mecklenburg-Schwerin Queen Consort Denmark 1557-1631 (17).

On 04 Apr 1588 [her father] Frederick II King Denmark 1534-1588 (53) died. Christian IV King Denmark 1577-1648 (10) succeeded IV King Denmark.

On 23 Nov 1589 [her husband] King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland 1566-1625 (23) and Anne of Denmark (14) were married at Bishop's Palace. They were third cousins once removed. He a great x 2 grandson of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509. She by marriage Queen Consort Scotland.

Around 1600 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 painted the portrait of King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland 1566-1625. Around 1605 John Critz Painter 1551-1642. Portrait of King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland 1566-1625 with Garter Collar and Leg Garter. In 1621 Daniel Mijtens Painter 1590-1648. Portrait of King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland 1566-1625 wearing his Garter Collar and Leg Garter. Around 1632 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland 1566-1625. In 1583 Pieter Bronckhorst Painter -1583. Portrait of King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland 1566-1625. 1623. Adam de Colone 1572-1651. Portrait of King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland 1566-1625. 1580. Adrian Vanson -1602. Portrait of King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland 1566-1625.

On 19 Feb 1594 [her son] Henry Frederick Stewart Prince of Wales 1594-1612 was born to King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland 1566-1625 (27) and Anne of Denmark (19) at Stirling Castle.

Before 1619 Robert After 07 Feb 1612 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Princess Elizabeth Stewart Queen Bohemia 1596-1662. Elizabeth's standing collar of reticella is worked with the Royal coat of arms with its lion and unicorn supporters. She wears a gown of Italian silk brocade. The black armband is thought to be a sign of mourning for her brother Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales who died on 07 Feb 1612.

1595. Circle of Adrian Vanson -1602. Portrait of Anne of Denmark (20).

On 19 Aug 1596 [her daughter] Princess Elizabeth Stewart Queen Bohemia 1596-1662 was born to King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland 1566-1625 (30) and Anne of Denmark (21) at Falkland Palace, Falkland, Fife.

In 1610 Robert In 1642 Gerrit van Honthorst Painter 1592-1656. Portrait of Princess Elizabeth Stewart Queen Bohemia 1596-1662. After 07 Feb 1612 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Princess Elizabeth Stewart Queen Bohemia 1596-1662. Elizabeth's standing collar of reticella is worked with the Royal coat of arms with its lion and unicorn supporters. She wears a gown of Italian silk brocade. The black armband is thought to be a sign of mourning for her brother Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales who died on 07 Feb 1612.

On 24 Dec 1598 [her daughter] Margaret Stewart 1598-1600 was born to King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland 1566-1625 (32) and Anne of Denmark (24).

In 1599 Catherine Knyvet Countess Suffolk 1564-1638 (35) was appointed Keeper of the Jewels to Anne of Denmark (24).

Around 1616 William Larkin Painter 1582-1619. Portrait of Catherine Knyvet Countess Suffolk 1564-1638.

On 19 Nov 1600 [her son] King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 was born to King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland 1566-1625 (34) and Anne of Denmark (25) at Dunfermline Palace, Dunfermline.

In 1611 Robert In 1633 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 known as Charles I with M.De St Antoine. Around 1637 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649.

Baptism of Prince Charles

On 23 Dec 1600 [her son] the future King Charles I was baptised at Holyrood Palace. [her son] He was created Duke Albany 4C 1600.

On 18 Jan 1602 [her son] Robert Stewart 1602-1602 was born to King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland 1566-1625 (35) and Anne of Denmark (27).

In 1603 Anne Keilway Baroness Harington 1554-1620 (49) and her daughter Lucy Harrington Countess Bedford 1580-1627 (23) travelled to Scotland to gain favour with the new Queen Anne of Denmark (28). She was subsequently appointed Lady of the Bedchamber and governess to [her daughter] Princess Elizabeth Stewart Queen Bohemia 1596-1662 (6).

Around 1606 John Critz Painter 1551-1642. Portrait of Lucy Harrington Countess Bedford 1580-1627. Around 1615 William Larkin Painter 1582-1619. Portrait of Lucy Harrington Countess Bedford 1580-1627. Before 07 Dec 1680 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Lucy Harrington Countess Bedford 1580-1627. 1612. Studio of Isaac Oliver Painter 1565-1617. Miniature Portrait of (probably) Lucy Harrington Countess Bedford 1580-1627. Oliver painted the woman's pearl earrings using Nicholas Hilliard's jewelling technique, which involved laying a raised blob of white lead paint with some shadowing to one side. This form was then crowned with a rounded touch of real silver that was burnished with, to quote Hilliard,

Death of Queen Elizabeth I Accession of James I

On 24 Mar 1603 Elizabeth I (69) died at Richmond Palace around three in the morning.

[her husband] King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland 1566-1625 (36) succeeded I King England Scotland and Ireland. He was Elizabeth's second cousin being the son of Mary Queen of Scots (60) who was the daughter of Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland 1489-1541 daughter of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.

Immediately following her death Robert Carey 1st Earl Monmouth 1560-1639 (43) started on horseback for Edinburgh to inform [her husband] King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland 1566-1625 (36) arriving at Holyrood Palace late on the 26 Mar 1603. His conduct met with general disapproval and merited censure as contrary to all decency, good manners and respect. George Carew -1612 and Thomas Lake 1561-1630 (41) were sent by the Council to formally inform James VI's death.

Around 1546. William Scrots Painter 1517-1553. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland before her accession painted for her father. Around 1570 Hans Eworth Painter 1520-1574. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland. In 1579 George Gower Painter 1540-1596. The Plimton Sieve Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland. Around 1585 William Segar Painter 1554-1663. Ermine Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland. Around 1592 Marcus Gheeraerts Painter 1562-1636. The Ditchley Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland. After 1585 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland. Around 1563 Steven van der Meulen Painter -1564. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland. Around 1559 François Clouet Painter 1510-1572. Portrait of Mary Queen of Scots. Around 1576 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Mary Queen of Scots. In 1576. After Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619. Portrait of Mary Queen of Scots. Around 1575. Adrian Vanson -1602. Portrait of George Seton 5th Lord Seton -1513. Wearing the clothes he wore at the wedding of Mary Queen of Scots and the French Dauphin on 24 Apr 1558. Around 1525 Unknown Painter. French. Portrait of an Unknown Woman formerly known as Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland 1489-1541. Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck Painter 1460-1525 is believed to have painted the portrait of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509. Around 1520 Unknown Painter. Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.

On 24 Mar 1603 [her son] Henry Frederick Stewart Prince of Wales 1594-1612 (9) was created as Duke Cornwall.

Arrival of Anne of Denmark

On 03 Jun 1603 a number of English noble ladies selected by the Privy Council greeted Anne of Denmark (28) at Berwick on Tweed with two-hudred horse including ...

Frances Howard Countess Kildare -1628

Elizabeth Hastings Countess Worcester 1546-1621 (57)

Philadelphia Carey Baroness Scrope Bolton -1627

Penelope Devereux Countess Devonshire 1563-1607 (40).

Anne Lady Herbert 1583-1640 (20)

Audrey Shelton Lady Walsingham 1568-1624 (34).

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The Entertainment at Althorp

On 25 Jun 1603 the Ben Johnson Playwright 1572-1637 (31) Masque The Entertainment at Althorp was performed at Althorp House to welcome the new Royal Family on their journey from Edinburgh to London following the death of Queen Elizabeth. The performance was attended by Anne of Denmark (28) and her son [her son] Henry Frederick Stewart Prince of Wales 1594-1612 (9).

Masque of the Twelve Goddesses

On 08 Jan 1604 the Masque of the Twelve Goddesses was performed in the Great Hall at Hampton Court Palace. The performers included:

Anne of Denmark (29) played Pallas.

Catherine Knyvet Countess Suffolk 1564-1638 (40) played Juno.

Frances Howard Duchess Lennox Duchess Richmond 1578-1639 (25) played Diana.

Lucy Harrington Countess Bedford 1580-1627 (24) played Vesta.

Elizabeth Vere Countess Derby 1575-1627 (28) played Proserpine.

Margaret Stewart 1st Countess Nottingham 1591-1639 (13) played Concordia.

Penelope Devereux Countess Devonshire 1563-1607 (41) played Venus.

Elizabeth Cecil Lady Hatton 1578-1646 (26) played Macaria.

Audrey Shelton Lady Walsingham 1568-1624 (35) played Astraea.

Susan Vere Countess Montgomery 1587-1628 (16) played Flora.

Dorothy Hastings 1579-1613 (25) played Ceres.

Elizabeth Howard Countess Banbury 1583-1658 (21) played Tethys.

Before 1636 Marcus Gheeraerts Painter 1562-1636. Portrait of Frances Howard Duchess Lennox Duchess Richmond 1578-1639. In 1619 Daniel Mijtens Painter 1590-1648. Portrait of Elizabeth Howard Countess Banbury 1583-1658.

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Around 1605 Cecily Bulstrode 1584-1609 (20) was appointed Lady in Waiting to Anne of Denmark (30).

Around 1605 John Critz Painter 1551-1642 (54). Portrait of Anne of Denmark (30).

Around 1605 Dorothy Bulstrode Lady in Waiting 1592-1590 (13) was appointed Lady in Waiting to Anne of Denmark (30).

New Years Honours

On 05 Jan 1605 [her son] King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (4) was created 1st Duke York 4C 1605 and Knight of the Bath by his father King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland 1566-1625 (38)

Francis Manners 6th Earl Rutland 1578-1632 (27) and Thomas Somerset 1st Viscount Somerset 1579-1651 (26) were appointed Knight of the Bath.

Masque of Blackness

Memorials of affairs of state in the reigns of Q Elizabeth and K James I Volume 2 Dudley Carleton to Mr Winwood Jan 1605. At Night we had the Queen's Maske in the Banqueting-House, or rather her Pagent. There was a great Engine at the lower end of the Room, which had Motion, and in it were the Images of Sea-Horses with other terrible Fishes, which were ridden by Moors: The Indecorum was, that there was all Fish and no Water. At the further end was a great Shell in form of a Skallop,wherein were four Seats; on the lowest sat the Queen (30) with my Lady Bedford (25); on the left were placed the Ladies Suffolk (41), Darby (29), Rich (42), Effingham (30), Ann Herbert (22), Susan Herbert (17), Elizabeth Howard (22), Walsingham (36) and Bevil (39). Their Apparell was rich, but too light and Currizan-light for such great ones. Instead of Vizzards, their Faces, and Arms up to the Elbows, were painted black, which was Disguise sufficient, for they were hard to be known ; but it became them nothing so well as their red and white, and you cannot imagine a more ugly Sight, then a Troop of lean-cheeked Moors. The Spanish and Venetian Ambassadors were both present, and sate by the King in State; at which Monrieur Beaumont quarrells so extreamly, that he saith the whole Court is Spanish. But by his Favour, he should fall out with none but himself, for they were all indifferently invited to come as private Men, to a private Sport ; which he resusing, the Spanish Ambassador willingly accepted, and being there, feeing no Cause to the contrary, he put off Don Taxis, and took upon him El Senor Embaxadour, wherein he outstript our little Monsieur. He was privately at the first Mask, and fate amongst his Men disguised; at this he was taken out to dance, and footed it like a lusty old Gallant with his Country Woman. He took out the Queen, and forgot not to kiss her Hand, though there was Danger it would have left a Mark on his Lips. The Night's Work was concluded with a Banquet in the great Chamber, which was so furioufly assaulted, that down went Table and Tresses before one bit was touched. They say the Duke Holst will come upon us with an after reckoning, and that we shall see him on Candlemas Night in a Mask, as he hath shewed himself a lusty Reveller all this Christmas.

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On 06 Jan 1605, Twelfth Night, the Ben Johnson (33) Masque of Blackness was performed at the Banqueting House. The performers included:

Anne of Denmark (30) played Euphoris.

Lucy Harrington Countess Bedford 1580-1627 (25) played Aglaia.

Anne Lady Herbert 1583-1640 (22) played Diaphane.

Elizabeth Vere Countess Derby 1575-1627 (29) played Eucampse.

Catherine Knyvet Countess Suffolk 1564-1638 (41) played Kathare.

Penelope Devereux Countess Devonshire 1563-1607 (42) played Ocyte.

Frances Knyvet Lady Bevill 1566-1605 (39) played Notis.

Anne St John Lady Effingham 1575-1638 (30) played Psychrote.

Elizabeth Howard Countess Banbury 1583-1658 (22) played Glycyte.

Susan Vere Countess Montgomery 1587-1628 (17) played Malacia.

Mary Sidney Lady Wroth 1587-1653 (18) played Baryte.

Audrey Shelton Lady Walsingham 1568-1624 (36) played Periphere.

Around 1615 John Critz Painter 1551-1642. Portrait of Mary Sidney Lady Wroth 1587-1653 holding a Theorbo.

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Memorials of affairs of state in the reigns of Q Elizabeth and K James I Volume 2 Dudley Carleton to Mr Winwood Jan 1605. The [her husband] King (38) is gone to Huntington where he will stay till towards Candlemas. The Queen (30) goes to Greenwich this Week, to give Whitehall some Ayre against that time; and presently after the King goes back sur ses brisees, and the Queen returns to Greenwich to lay down her great Belly, which is iook'd for about three Months hence.

On 08 Apr 1605 [her daughter] Princess Mary Stewart 1605-1607 was born to King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland 1566-1625 (38) and Anne of Denmark (30) at the Palace of Placentia. Alice Dennis was chosen as midwife for which she received a reward of £100.

Christening of Princess Mary Stuart

On 05 May 1605 [her daughter] Princess Mary Stewart 1605-1607 was christened at the Palace of Placentia. Elizabeth Vere Countess Derby 1575-1627 (29) carried the child. The infant's clothing, a train of purple velvet, embroidered with gold and furred with Ermines, was supported by two countesses, being so long that it fell to the ground. Richard Bancroft Archibishop Canterbury 1544-1610 (60) performed the christening. The Queen's (30) brother Prince Ulrik Oldenburg 1578-1624 (26), the King's (38) first cousin Arbella Stewart 1575-1615 (30) and Dorothy Devereux Countess Northumberland 1564-1619 (41) were godparents. The King (38) presented Queen Anne (30) (who was not present) with new jewelry.

In 1605 Robert Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of Dorothy Devereux Countess Northumberland 1564-1619.

Marriage of Philip Herbert and Susan Howard

Memorials of affairs of state in the reigns of Q Elizabeth and K James I Volume 2 Dudley Carleton to Mr Winwood Jan 1605. Jan_1605. Dudley Carleton (32) to Ralph Winwood 1563-1617 (42)

Sir

I had written unto you at this time, though I had not been invited by your Letters I received by Captain Doyly. For in Mr. Chamberlain's Absense, I come in quarter, and have waited so diligently at Court this Christmas, that I have Matter enough, if the Report of Masks and Mummings can please you.

On St. John's Day we had the Marriage of Sir Philip Herbert (21) and the Lady Susan (18) performed at Whitehall, with all the Honour could be done a great Favourite. The Court was great, and for that Day put on the best Bravery. The [her son] Prince (11) and Duke of Holst (26) led the Bride (18) to Church, the Queen (31) follow'd her from thence. The King (39) gave her, and she in her Tresses, and Trinketts brided and bridled it so handsomly, and indeed became her self so well, that the King (39) said, if he were unmarried he would not give her, but keep her himself. The Marriage Dinner was kept in the great Chamber, where the [her son] Prince (11) and the Duke of Holst (26), and the great Lords and Ladies accompanied the Bride. The Ambassador of Venice was the only bidden Guest of Strangers, and he had place above the Duke of Holst (26), which the Duke took not well. But after Dinner he was as little pleased himself; for being brought into the Closet to retire himself, he was there suffered to walk out his Supper unthought of. At Night there was a Mask in the Hall, which for Conceit and Fashion was fuitable to the Occasion. The Actors, were the Earle of Pembrook (25), the Lord Willoby, Sir Samuel Hays, Sir Thomas Germain, Sir Robert Cary (22), Sir John Lee, Sir Richard Preston, and Sir Thomas Eager. There was no smal Loss that Night of Chaines and Jewells, and many great Ladies were made shorter by the Skirts, and were well enough served that they could keep cut no better. The Presents of Plate, and other Things given by the Noblemen, were valued at £2500, but that which made it a good Marriage, was a Gift of the King's of £500 Land for the Bride's Joynture. They were lodged in the Councill Chamber, where the King in his Shirt and NightGown gave them a Reveille Matin before they were up, and spent a good time in or upon the Bed, chuse which you will believe. No Ceremony was omitted of Bride-Cakes, Points, Garters, and Gloves, which have been ever since the Livery of the Court; and at Night there was sewing into the Sheet, casting off the Bride's left Hose, with many other petty Sorceries.

Around 1615 William Larkin Painter 1582-1619. Portrait of Philip Herbert 4th Earl Pembroke 1st Earl Montgomery 1584-1650. In 1634 Daniel Mijtens Painter 1590-1648. Portrait of Philip Herbert 4th Earl Pembroke 1st Earl Montgomery 1584-1650 wearing his Leg Garter and Garter Collar. Around 1634 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of Philip Herbert 4th Earl Pembroke 1st Earl Montgomery 1584-1650. Around 1615 Unknown Painter. Posthumous portrait of Philip Herbert 4th Earl Pembroke 1st Earl Montgomery 1584-1650 wearing his Garter Robes and Garter Collar. Before 1630 Daniel Mijtens Painter 1590-1648. Portrait of William Herbert 3rd Earl Pembroke 1580-1630.

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On 27 Dec 1605 Philip Herbert 4th Earl Pembroke 1st Earl Montgomery 1584-1650 (21) and Susan Vere Countess Montgomery 1587-1628 (18) were married at Whitehall. The bride was escorted into the church by the Queen's (31) brother [her brother] Prince Ulrik Oldenburg 1578-1624 (26) and her son Henry Frederick Stewart Prince of Wales 1594-1612 (11).

In Jun 1607 [her daughter] Princess Sophia Stewart 1607-1607 was born to King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland 1566-1625 (40) and Anne of Denmark (32).

On 16 Sep 1607 [her daughter] Princess Mary Stewart 1605-1607 (2) died of pneumonia at the Stanwell Park Stanwell home of Thomas Knyvet 1st Baron Knyvet 1545-1622 (62) in whose care she had been placed. As soon as Mary died, the Earl of Worcester (57), the Earl of Leicester (43) and the Earl of Totnes (52) went to Hampton Court Palace, to inform the Queen (32) of her daughter's death. Seeing the three men before her, Queen Anne realized what had happened and spared the men the task of telling her.

In 1621 Gilbert Jackson Painter 1595-1648. Portrait of Edward Somerset 4th Earl Worcester 1550-1628. Around 1588 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Robert Sidney 1st Earl of Leicester 1563-1626.

Masque of Beauty

On 10 Jan 1608 the Ben Johnson Playwright 1572-1637 (36) Masque of Beauty was performed at the Banqueting House to celebrate the completion of its refurburbishment. [her husband] King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland 1566-1625 (41) attended.

The performers included:

Anne of Denmark (33).

Alethea Talbot Countess Arundel, Surrey and Norfolk 1585-1654 (23).

Catherine Brydges Countess Bedford 1580-1657 (28).

Elizabeth Vere Countess Derby 1575-1627 (32).

Susan Vere Countess Montgomery 1587-1628 (20).

Lettice Perrot Baroness Chichester 1560-1620 (48).

Audrey Shelton Lady Walsingham 1568-1624 (39).

Catherine Somerset Baroness Windsor 1575-1654 (33).

Anne Clifford Countess Dorset and Pembroke 1590-1676 (17).

Elizabeth Barkham Lady Garrard 1593-1632 (15).

Elizabeth Somerset 1590-1625 (18).

Elizabeth Cecil Lady Hatton 1578-1646 (30).

Mary Neville 7th Baroness Bergavenny 3rd Baroness Despencer 1554-1626 (54).

Catherine Somerset Baroness Windsor 1575-1654 (33).

Arbella Stewart 1575-1615 (33).

Around 1616 William Larkin Painter 1582-1619. Portrait of Anne Clifford Countess Dorset and Pembroke 1590-1676.

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Prince Henry invested as Prince of Wales and Earl Chester

On 01 Jun 1610 [her son] Prince Frederick (16) was created Prince of Wales and Earl Chester 10C 1610. Peregrine Bertie 1584-1639 (26) was appointed Knight of the Bath.

Tethy's Festival Masque

On 05 Jun 1610 the Tethy's Festival Masque was performed at Whitehall Palace to celebrate the the investiture of [her son] Prince Frederick (16) as Prince of Wales. The script was written by Samuel Daniel at the request of the Queen (35), who appeared in person as Tethys a goddess of the sea. Inigo Jones Architect 1573-1652 (36) designed the staging and scenery.

[her son] Prince Charles (9) took the part of Zephyrus,.

[her daughter] Princess Elizabeth Stewart Queen Bohemia 1596-1662 (13) appeared as the companion or daughter of Tethys, the "Nymph of Thames",.

Arbella Stewart 1575-1615 (35) took the part of the "Nymph of Trent",.

Alethea Talbot Countess Arundel, Surrey and Norfolk 1585-1654 (25) as "Nymph of Arun".

Elizabeth Vere Countess Derby 1575-1627 (34) as "Nymph of Derwent",.

Frances Howard Countess Essex and Somerset 1590-1632 (20) as "Nymph of Lee",.

Anne Clifford Countess Dorset and Pembroke 1590-1676 (20) as "Nymph of Air",.

Susan Vere Countess Montgomery 1587-1628 (23) as "Nymph of Severn",.

Elizabeth Radclyffe Viscountess Haddington -1618 as "Nymph of Rother",.

Elizabeth Talbot Countess Kent 1582-1651 (28) as "Nymph of Medway",.

Four sisters, daughters of Edward Somerset 4th Earl Worcester 1550-1628 (60) and Elizabeth Hastings Countess Worcester 1546-1621 (64), danced as the rivers of Monmouthshire:

Catherine Somerset Baroness Windsor 1575-1654 (35) the "Nymph of Usk".

Katherine Somerset Baroness Petre 1575-1625 (35) the "Nymph of Olwy".

Elizabeth Somerset 1590-1625 (20) the "Nymph of Dulesse" (Dulas), and.

Mary Wintour the "Nymph of Wye".

Around 1644. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646. Portrait of Inigo Jones Architect 1573-1652. Around 1757 William Hogarth Painter 1697-1764. Portrait of Inigo Jones Architect 1573-1652. The portrait was commissioned by Edward Littleton MP 4th Baronet Pillaton Hall 1727-1812 when he was refurbishing his house Teddesley Hall. Around 1615 William Larkin Painter 1582-1619. Portrait of Frances Howard Countess Essex and Somerset 1590-1632.

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On 04 Jul 1610 Anne of Denmark (35) gave Dorothy Bulstrode Lady in Waiting 1592-1590 (18) a gown of ash-colour taffeta.

On 14 Oct 1610 Anne of Denmark (35) gave Dorothy Bulstrode Lady in Waiting 1592-1590 (18) a gown of black satin.

Death of Prince Frederick

On 06 Nov 1612 [her son] Henry Frederick Stewart Prince of Wales 1594-1612 (18) died. The death of the heir to the throne significant; compare William Adelin Normandy Duke Normandy 1103-1120, Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince of Wales 1330-1376, Arthur Tudor Prince of Wales 1486-1502, Frederick Louis Hanover Prince of Wales 1707-1751, perhaps Edward York Prince of Wales 1473-1484.

Around 1500. Unknown Painter. Portrait of Arthur Tudor Prince of Wales 1486-1502. In 1750 Thomas Hudson Painter 1701-1779. Portrait of Frederick Louis Hanover Prince of Wales 1707-1751. In 1754 Jean Etienne Liotard Painter 1702-1789. Portrait of Frederick Louis Hanover Prince of Wales 1707-1751.

Marriage of Elizabeth Stewart and Frederick V Elector Palatine

On 14 Feb 1613 [her son-in-law] Frederick Palatinate Simmern V Elector Palatine Rhine 1596-1632 (16) and Princess Elizabeth Stewart Queen Bohemia 1596-1662 (16) were married at Chapel Royal Whitehall Palace. She a daughter of King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland 1566-1625.

A grand occasion that saw more royalty than ever visit the court of England. The marriage was an enormously popular match and was the occasion for an outpouring of public affection with the ceremony described as "a wonder of ceremonial and magnificence even for that extravagant age".

It was celebrated with lavish and sophisticated festivities both in London and Heidelberg, including mass feasts and lavish furnishings that cost nearly £50,000, and nearly bankrupted King James. Among many celebratory writings of the events was John Donne's (41) "Epithalamion, Or Marriage Song on the Lady Elizabeth, and Count Palatine being married on St Valentine's Day".

Around 1630 Michiel Janszoon van Mierevelt Painter 1566-1641. Portrait of Frederick Palatinate Simmern V Elector Palatine Rhine 1596-1632. In 1635 Gerrit van Honthorst Painter 1592-1656. Portrait of Frederick Palatinate Simmern V Elector Palatine Rhine 1596-1632.

Letters of the Court of James I 1613 Reverend Thomas Lorkin to Sir Thomas Puckering Baronet 15 Jul 1613. 15 Jul 1613. London. Reverend Thomas Lorkin to Thomas Puckering 1st Baronet 1592-1637 (21).

Since my last letters, the king hath signed the book for the prince's household, and *** first entry thereupon on Friday last. The same day were sworn unto him all such officers as have been thought fit to be about him for the present. In the bed-chamber — Sir Robert Carey (30), Sir James Fullerton (50), Robert Carr of Ancram (35), were sworn gentlemen, whereof the last came in by my Lord of Rochester's (26) means. Sir David Murray was not only rejected, but taxed openly at the council-table, for having suggested none of the best counsels to the late prince deceased. Into the same place were sworn, as grooms, Mr. Kirk, Mr. Gray (who was formerly his highness's page), and Pitcairne, who, till then, supplied the office of carver. This man is likewise one of my Lord of Rochester's (26) creatures. In the privy-chamber were sworn gentlemen-ushers, Sir William Irwin and Mr. Heydon, to the prejudice of Sir Robert Darcy, who is left out for a wrangler, notwithstanding his continual attendance since his last master's death ***. In quality of gentlemen were sworn into the same place, Sir Arthur Mainwaring (33), Sir Edward Vemey (23), Sir Edward Lewis, Mr. Clare, and Mr. Dallington. The grooms are taken out of the gentlemen-waiters to the prince, while he was Duke of York, without the addition of any, unless it be Trotter, who is either already come in, or like to obtain the like condition very soon. Mr. Young and Mr. Alexander are sworn gentlemen-ushers of the presence. For carvers, cup-bearers, and sewers, I have not yet learned certainly who they be; but I hear there is little alteration. Ramsay is the first equerry, and Sir Thomas Howard (28) master of the horse. The great officers rest still in expectation. Sir David Foulis, it seems, promiseth himself the best assurance; for he executes his place still, though more by permission and sufferance than any commission he hath received to that purpose. D. Ramsay and **** have been great suitors, but with as bad success as may be.

The court is at Theobalds, where his [her husband] majesty (47) hath been much afflicted with a flux and griping of the belly. He is much amended; and, if the occasion of this sickness alter, not his purpose, begins his progress in [Wiltshire], and so to Salisbury, next Saturday. The queen (38), likewise, returns to the Bath the Saturday following.

The chief subject of our French news is the compounding of the quarrel between the Dukes of Savoy (51) and Mantua; whereof to write aught to you, who live so near them, were to send owls to Athens.

There hath lately fallen out a great difference between the Duke de Rohan and Monsieur de Plessis (both men of principal mark of them of the Religion, though in a several kind); but what is the cause of their quarrel I yet know not. The chief church there is not a little troubled at it, insomuch that the deputies-general have sent Monsieur Durand, one of the ministers of Paris, down into those parts, to clear the matter, and to mediate a friendly peace between both. The Duke of Lennox (38) hath received there a very honourable entertainment. He was expected in the condition of ambassador; but on his arrival took no other quality than of a private person, which gives many occasion to think, that his first commission was countermanded upon the Duke of Savoy's (51) late ambassage hither. These are but conjectures.

I wish your return into these quarters as soon as the season of the year will permit you; it was your purpose when I left you, and I trust you still keep that resolution. The knowledge of that state is chiefly necessary, and the use of that language. I am sure you understand these things better than myself, and therefore dare not [presume] to advise you. Only my desire is the more earnestly led hereunto by an opinion I have of being able to do you there some pleasing service, and of putting into your hands the commodity of advantaging yourself [into] his highnesses favour, than either your friends or money are like to do in haste. I have heard that you have formerly had some inward acquaintance with Sir Robert Carr of Ancram (35). It will not be unworthy your entertaining still.

Around 1628 John Hoskins Painter 1590-1664 (copy from original). Portrait of Robert Carr 1st Earl Somerset 1587-1645. In 1618 Daniel Mijtens Painter 1590-1648. Portrait of Thomas Howard 21st Earl Arundel 4th Earl Surrey 1st Earl Norfolk 1585-1646. In 1630 Daniel Mijtens Painter 1590-1648. Portrait of Thomas Howard 21st Earl Arundel 4th Earl Surrey 1st Earl Norfolk 1585-1646 and wearing his Garter Collar. Around 1629 Peter Paul Rubens Painter 1577-1640. Portrait of Thomas Howard 21st Earl Arundel 4th Earl Surrey 1st Earl Norfolk 1585-1646. Around 1620 Daniel Mijtens Painter 1590-1648. Portrait of Ludovic Stewart 2nd Duke Lennox 1st Duke Richmond 1574-1624.

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On 03 Feb 1614 Robert Ker 1st Earl Roxburghe 1570-1650 (44) and Jean Drummond Countess Roxburghe 1585-1643 (29) were married at Somerset House. She, Jean, was the sister of his son-in-law John Drummond 2nd Earl Perth 1588-1662 (26) who had married his daughter Jean Ker Countess Perth. The wedding was attended by the [her husband] King (47) and Queen (39). There was a masque Hymen's Triumph written by Samuel Daniel.

Investiture of Charles as Prince of Wales

On 04 Nov 1616 [her son] King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (15) was created Prince of Wales. Robert Radclyffe 5th Earl of Sussex 1573-1629 (43) carried the Purple Ermined Robe.

James Wriothesley 1605-1624 (11), brothers Robert Howard 1584-1653 (32) and William Howard, George Berkeley 8th Baron Berkeley 1601-1658 (15), Henry Carey 1st Viscount Falkland 1575-1633 (41) and John Cavendish -1618 were appointed Knight of the Bath.

Around 1580 based on a work of 1565.Unknown Painter. Portrait of Robert Radclyffe 5th Earl of Sussex 1573-1629 wearing his Garter Collar and holding the Lord Treasurer Staff of Office. Around 1600. Unknown Painter. Portrait of Henry Carey 1st Viscount Falkland 1575-1633.

Masque of Cupid's Banishment

In 1617 the Masque of Cupid's Banishment by Robert White was performed for Anne of Denmark (42) at Deptford. Richard Browne 1st Baronet Deptford 1605-1683 (12) played the part of "Diana".

On 02 Mar 1619 Anne of Denmark (44) died.

Funeral of Anne of Denmark

On 13 May 1619 Anne of Denmark (44) was buried in the north eastern area Henry VII Chapel in Westminster Abbey.

The principal mourner was Alethea Talbot Countess Arundel, Surrey and Norfolk 1585-1654 (34).

Anne Carey 1592-1627 (27) and Mary Woodhouse -1756 walked in the procession.

As Keeper of the Wardrobe Lionel Cranfield 1st Earl Middlesex 1575-1645 (44) supervised the spending of £20,000 on the funeral.

Richard Young 1st Baronet 1580-1651 (39) carried the banner roll.

Her grave has the inscription: "ANNE OF DENMARK QUEEN OF KING JAMES 1st 1619". her coffin has the inscription: "Here lies buried the Most Serene Queen Anne, consort of James, King of Great Britain, France and Ireland, daughter of Frederick II, King of Denmark and Norway and of the Vandals and Goths, sister of Christian IV and mother of many Princes. She died at Hampton Court, in the year of salvation 1618, on the 4th March, aged 43 years, 4 months and 18 days."

In 1620 Daniel Mijtens Painter 1590-1648. Portrait of Lionel Cranfield 1st Earl Middlesex 1575-1645. Before 11 Dec 1643 Daniel Mijtens Painter 1590-1648. Portrait of Lionel Cranfield 1st Earl Middlesex 1575-1645.

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On 18 Apr 1621 Bridget Chaworth 1542-1621 (79) died. Monument in St Andrew's Church Ufford. Marble with Corinthian Columns and reclining effigy. Corinthian Columns. Jacobean Hooded Monument.

The inscription reads "Dame Bridget, Lady Carr, widow, daughter of Sir John Chaworth of Wiverton, Nottingham, late wife to Sir William Carr of Old Sleaford in the county of Lincoln, who served the late Queen Elizabeth (87) of most famous memory, being one of the gentlewomen of her Majesty's Privy Chamber for the space of five and twenty years, and afterwards served the most renowned Queen Anne (46), wife to our most gracious sovereign, King James, for the space of 14 years, being the residue of her life, and died the 18th day of April being of the age of 79 years, the which said Lady Carr, out of her love to her dear sister Katherine, the wife of George Quarles of this town of Ufford, esquire, hath caused her body to be here interred 1612". The date a mistake given she died in 1621.

Death of James I

On 27 Mar 1625 [her husband] King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland 1566-1625 (58) died at Theobalds House. King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (24) succeeded I King England Scotland and Ireland.