History of Canterbury Cathedral

616 Death of Æthelberht King Kent

655 Battle of the Winwaed

1066 Coronation of William "The Conqueror"

1072 Accord of Winchester

1170 Murder of Thomas a Becket

1236 Wedding of Henry III and Eleanor of Provence

1245 First Council of Lyon

1299 Edward I and Margaret of France Wedding

1360 Release of King John II of France

1376 Death of the Black Prince

1381 Peasant's Revolt

1413 Death of King Henry IV Accession of Henry V

1457 John Neville married Isabel Ingaldsthorpe

1532 Cranmer appointed Archbishop of Canterbury

1538 Thomas Becket Shrine destroyed

1559 Consecration of Matthew Parker as Archbishop of Canterbury

Canterbury Cathedral is in Canterbury.

Around 604 Laurence Archbishop of Canterbury -619 was appointed Archbishop of Canterbury.

Death of Æthelberht King Kent

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 600-649. 616. This year died Ethelbert (66), king of Kent, the first of English kings that received baptism: he was the son of Ermenric. He reigned fifty-six winters, and was succeeded by his son Eadbald. And in this same year had elapsed from the beginning of the world five thousand six hundred and eighteen winters. This Eadbald renounced his baptism, and lived in a heathen manner; so that he took to wife the relict of his father. Then Laurentius, who was archbishop in Kent, meant to depart southward over sea, and abandon everything. But there came to him in the night the apostle Peter, and severely chastised him, because he would so desert the flock of God. And he charged him to go to the king, and teach him the right belief. And he did so; and the king returned to the right belief. In this king's days the same Laurentius, who was archbishop in Kent after Augustine (76), departed this life on the second of February, and was buried near Augustine. The holy Augustine in his lifetime invested him bishop, to the end that the church of Christ, which yet was new in England, should at no time after his decease be without an archbishop. After him Mellitus, who was first Bishop of London, succeeded to the archbishopric. The people of London, where Mellitus was before, were then heathens: and within five winters of this time, during the reign of Eadbald, Mellitus died. To him succeeded Justus, who was Bishop of Rochester, whereto he consecrated Romanus bishop.

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In 619 Mellitus Bishop -624 was appointed Archbishop of Canterbury.

In 624 Justus Archibishop Canterbury -627 was appointed 4th Archbishop of Canterbury.

On 21 Jul 625 Archbishop Paulinus of York -644 was appointed Archbishop of Canterbury.

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 600-649. 627. This year was King Edwin (41) baptized at Easter, with all his people, by Paulinus, who also preached baptism in Lindsey, where the first person who believed was a certain rich man, of the name of Bleek, with all his people. At this time Honorius succeeded Boniface in the papacy, and sent hither to Paulinus the pall; and Archbishop Justus having departed this life on the tenth of November, Honorius was consecrated at Lincoln Archbishop of Canterbury by Paulinus; and Pope Honorius sent him the pall. And he sent an injunction to the Scots, that they should return to the right celebration of Easter.

Battle of the Winwaed

Anglo Saxon Chronicle 650 699. 655. This year Penda was slain at Wingfield, and thirty royal personages with him, some of whom were kings. One of them was Ethelhere, brother of Anna, king of the East-Angles. The Mercians after this became Christians. From the beginning of the world had now elapsed five thousand eight hundred and fifty winters, when Peada, the son of Penda, assumed the government of the Mercians. In his time came together himself and Oswy (43), brother of King Oswald (51), and said, that they would rear a minster to the glory of Christ, and the honour of St. Peter. And they did so, and gave it the name of Medhamsted; because there is a well there, called Meadswell. And they began the groundwall, and wrought thereon; after which they committed the work to a monk, whose name was Saxulf. He was very much the friend of God, and him also loved all people. He was nobly born in the world, and rich: he is now much richer with Christ. But King Peada reigned no while; for he was betrayed by his own queen, in Easter-tide. This year Ithamar, Bishop of Rochester, consecrated Deus-dedit to Canterbury, on the twenty-sixth day of March.

Anglo Saxon Chronicle 650 699. 667. This year Oswy (55) and Egbert sent Wighard, a priest, to Rome, that he might be consecrated there Archbishop of Canterbury; but he died as soon as he came thither.

Anglo Saxon Chronicle 650 699. 668. This year Theodore (66) was consecrated archbishop, and sent into Britain.

On 26 Mar 668 Archbishop Theodore of Tarsus 602-690 (66) was appointed Archbishop of Canterbury in Rome.

Bede's Ecclesiastical History of England Book 5 Chapter 8 How when Archbishop Theodore died Bertwald succeeded him as archbishop and among many others whom he ordained he made the learned Tobias bishop of the church of Rochester. [690 a.d.]. The year after that in which Caedwalla (31) died at Rome, that is, 690 after the Incarnation of our Lord, Archbishop Theodore (87), of blessed memory, departed this life, being old and full of days, for he was eighty-eight years of age; which number of years he had been wont long before to foretell to his friends that he should live, the same having been revealed to him in a dream. He held the bishopric twenty-two years, and was buried in St. Peter's church, where all the bodies of the bishops of Canterbury are buried. Of whom, as well as of his fellows of the same degree, it may rightly and truly be said, that their bodies are buried in peace, and their names shall live to all generations. For to say all in few words, the English Churches gained more spiritual increase while he was archbishop, than ever before. His character, life, age, and death, are plainly and manifestly described to all that resort thither, by the epitaph on his tomb, in thirty-four heroic verses. The first whereof are these:

"Here in the tomb rests the body of the holy prelate, called now in the Greek tongue Theodore. Chief pontiff, blest high priest, pure doctrine he set forth to his disciples.".

The last are as follow:

"For September had reached its nineteenth day, when his spirit went forth from the prison-bars of the flesh. Mounting in bliss to the gracious fellowship of the new life, he was united to the angelic citizens in the heights of Heaven.".

Anglo Saxon Chronicle 650 699. 690. This year Archbishop Theodore (88), who had been bishop twenty-two winters, departed this life, and was buried within the city of Canterbury. Bertwald, who before this was abbot of Reculver, on the calends of July succeeded him in the see; which was ere this filled by Romish bishops, but henceforth with English. Then were there two kings in Kent, Wihtred (20) and Webherd.

On 10 Jun 729 Archbishop Tatwine 670-734 (59) was consecrated Archbishop of Canterbury by Bishop Daniel of Winchester -745.

In 735 Archbishop Nothelm -739 was appointed Archbishop of Canterbury.

In 740 Archbishop Cuthbert -760 was consecrated Archbishop of Canterbury.

In 760 Archbishop Bregowine -764 was appointed Archbishop of Canterbury.

On 02 Feb 765 Archbishop Jænberht -792 was consecrated Archbishop of Canterbury.

In 792 Æthelhard Archbishop -805 was translated to Archbishop of Canterbury by Offa King Mercia -796.

On 21 Jan 793 Æthelhard Archbishop -805 was enthroned Archbishop of Canterbury in a service presided over by Hygeberht Archbishop -803.

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 800-849. 803. This year died Hibbald, Bishop of Holy-island, on the twenty-fourth of June, and Egbert was consecrated in his stead, on the thirteenth of June following. Archbishop Ethelherd also died in Kent, and Wulfred was chosen archbishop in his stead. Abbot Forthred, in the course of the same year, departed this life.

In 870 Archbishop Æthelred -888 was consecrated Archbishop of Canterbury.

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 850-899. 870. This year the army rode over Mercia into East-Anglia, and there fixed their winter-quarters at Thetford. And in the winter King Edmund fought with them; but the Danes gained the victory, and slew the king; whereupon they overran all that land, and destroyed all the monasteries to which they came. The names of the leaders who slew the king were Hingwar and Hubba. At the same time came they to Medhamsted, burning and breaking, and slaying abbot and monks, and all that they there found. They made such havoc there, that a monastery, which was before full rich, was now reduced to nothing. The same year died Archbishop Ceolnoth; and Ethered, Bishop of Witshire, was chosen Archbishop of Canterbury.

In 890 Archbishop Plegmund -923 was appointed Archbishop of Canterbury.

Around 923 Athelm Archishop Canterbury -926 was appointed Archbishop of Canterbury.

Around 926 Archbishop Wulfhelm -941 was appointed Archbishop of Canterbury.

In 941 Oda Archbishop of Canterbury -958 was appointed Archbishop of Canterbury.

In 958 a charter of Edgar "Peaceful" I King England 943-975 (15) describes Penkridge as a "famous place". St Michael's Church Penkridge was established as a Royal Free Chapel making it a Royal Peculiar. The church was independent of the Bishop of Lichfield and, correspondingly, the Archbishop of Canterbury.

In 959 Archbishop Dunstan 909-988 (50) was appointed Archbishop of Canterbury.

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 950-999. 961. This year departed Odo, the good archbishop, and St. Dunstan (52) took to the archbishopric. This year also died Elfgar, a relative of the king, in Devonshire; and his body lies at Wilton: and King Sifferth killed himself; and his body lies at Wimborn. This year there was a very great pestilence; when the great fever was in London; and St. Paul's minster was consumed with fire, and in the same year was afterwards restored. In this year Athelmod the masspriest, went to Rome, and there died on the eighteenth before the calends of September.

In 988 Archbishop Ethelgar -990 was elected Archbishop of Canterbury.

In 989 Archbishop Sigeric -994 was elected Archbishop of Canterbury.

In 994 Archbishop Ælfric -1005 was elected Archbishop of Canterbury.

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 950-999. 996. This year was Elfric consecrated archbishop at Christ church. (49)

49. i.e. at Canterbury. He was chosen or nominated before, by King Ethelred (30) and his council, at Amesbury: vid. an. 994. This notice of his consecration, which is confirmed by Florence of Worcester, is now first admitted into the text on the authority of three MSS.

In 1004 Archibishop Ælfheah 953-1012 (51) was elected Archbishop of Canterbury.

In 1006 Archibishop Ælfheah 953-1012 (53) was consecrated Archbishop of Canterbury.

In 1013 Archibishop Ælfstan aka Lyfing -1020 was appointed Archbishop of Canterbury by Æthelred "Unready" II King England 966-1016 (47).

Before 1020 Archbishop Æthelnoth -1038 was appointed Dean of Canterbury.

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 1000-1049. 1020. This year came King Knute (25) back to England; and there was at Easter a great council at Cirencester, where Alderman Ethelward was outlawed, and Edwy, king of the churls. This year went the king (25) to Assingdon; with Earl Thurkyll, and Archbishop Wulfstan, and other bishops, and also abbots, and many monks with them; and he ordered to be built there a minster of stone and lime, for the souls of the men who were there slain, and gave it to his own priest, whose name was Stigand; and they consecrated the minster at Assingdon. And Ethelnoth the monk, who had been dean at Christ's church, was the same year on the ides of November consecrated Bishop of Christ's church by Archbishop Wulfstan.

On 12 Jun 1020 Archibishop Ælfstan aka Lyfing -1020 died. He was buried at Canterbury Cathedral.

On 13 Nov 1020 Archbishop Æthelnoth -1038 was consecrated Archbishop of Canterbury by Archibishop Wulfstan -1023.

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 1000-1049. 1023. This year returned King Knute (28) to England; and Thurkyll and he were reconciled. He committed Denmark and his son to the care of Thurkyll, whilst he took Thurkyll's son with him to England. This year died Archbishop Wulfstan; and Elfric succeeded him; and Archbishop Egelnoth blessed him in Canterbury. This year King Knute (28) in London, in St. Paul's minster, gave full leave (60) to Archbishop Ethelnoth, Bishop Britwine, and all God's servants that were with them, that they might take up from the grave the archbishop, Saint Elphege (70). And they did so, on the sixth day before the ides of June; and the illustrious king, and the archbishop, and the diocesan bishops, and the earls, and very many others, both clergy and laity, carried by ship his holy corpse over the Thames to Southwark. And there they committed the holy martyr to the archbishop and his companions; and they with worthy pomp and sprightly joy carried him to Rochester. There on the third day came the Lady Emma (38) with her royal son Hardacnute (5); and they all with much majesty, and bliss, and songs of praise, carried the holy archbishop (70) into Canterbury Cathedral, and so brought him gloriously into the church, on the third day before the ides of June. Afterwards, on the eighth day, the seventeenth before the calends of July, Archbishop Ethelnoth, and Bishop Elfsy, and Bishop Britwine, and all they that were with them, lodged the holy corpse of Saint Elphege (70) on the north side of the altar of Christ; to the praise of God, and to the glory of the holy archbishop, and to the everlasting salvation of all those who there his holy body daily seek with earnest heart and all humility. May God Almighty have mercy on all Christian men through the holy intercession of Elphege (70)!

60. Matthew of Westminster says the king took up the body with his own hands.

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Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 1000-1049. 1031. This year returned King Knute (36); and as soon as he came to England he gave to Christ's church in Canterbury the haven of Sandwich, and all the rights that arise therefrom, on either side of the haven; so that when the tide is highest and fullest, and there be a ship floating as near the land as possible, and there be a man standing upon the ship with a taper-axe in his hand, whithersoever the large taper-axe might be thrown out of the ship, throughout all that land the ministers of Christ's church should enjoy their rights. This year went King Knute (36) to Rome; and the same year, as soon as he returned home, he went to Scotland; and Malcolm, king of the Scots (77), submitted to him, and became his man, with two other kings, Macbeth and Jehmar; but he held his allegiance a little while only. Robert, Earl of Normandy (30), went this year to Jerusalem, where he died; and William (3), who was afterwards King of England, succeeded to the earldom, though he was a child.

Coronation of William "The Conqueror"

In 1052 Stigand Archbishop of Canterbury -1072 was appointed Archbishop of Canterbury which he held jointly with his Bishopric of Worcester making him very wealthy. Five successive Popes excommunicated Stigand for his holding of both Winchester and Canterbury. His excommunication meant he could ot preside at the Coronation of William "The Conqueror".

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle William The Conqueror. 1067. This year came the king (39) back again to England on St. Nicholas's day; and the same day was burned the church of Christ at Canterbury. Bishop Wulfwy also died, and is buried at his see in Dorchester.

On 29 Aug 1070 Lanfranc Archbishop of Canterbury 1005-1089 (65) was consecrated Archbishop of Canterbury.

Flowers of History by Matthew of Westminster Volume 2 Chapter 1 1066 1087 King William received homage from the king of Scotland. 08 Apr 1071. A general council of the kingdom of England was held, to discuss the question of the primacy of the church of Canterbury, as superior to the church of York, on the eighth of April. And at last it was decreed that the archbishop of Canterbury had the preeminence, and that the archbishop of York was subordinate to him in everything.

Flowers of History by Matthew of Westminster Volume 2 Chapter 1 1066 1087 The English being expelled by the Normans, are injuriously and wickedly treated. 24 Apr 1071. Lanfranc (66), abbot of Caen, was consecrated archbishop of Canterbury, on the twenty-fourth of April. And this Lanfranc, when archbishop, established the order of monks according to the rule of Saint Benedict in many of the convents of England. And he did so, first of all, in the church of Canterbury ; after that, in the church of Saint Alban, the protomartyr of the English, where also, when the abbot Frederic died, he appointed his [Lanfranc's] nephew Paul as his successor; who, relying on the support of his uncle (66), restored the church, and reformed the brotherhood, which had fallen into some irregularities.

Accord of Winchester

In 1072 the Accord of Winchester established the primacy of the Archbishop of Canterbury over the Archbishop of York. It was signed by ...

William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 (44) and Matilda Flanders Queen Consort England 1031-1083 (41).

Stigand Archbishop of Canterbury -1072.

Ealdred Archbishop of York -1069 who signed "I concede" whereas other signatories signed "I subscribe".

Wulfstan Bishop of Worcester 1008-1095 (64).

Herfast Bishop Chancellor -1084.

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On 29 Dec 1079 Robert the Lotharingian -1095 was consecrated Bishop of Hereford by Lanfranc Archbishop of Canterbury 1005-1089 (74) at Canterbury Cathedral.

In 1093 Anselm Archbishop of Canterbury 1033-1109 (60) was appointed Archbishop of Canterbury.

On 21 Apr 1109 Anselm Archbishop of Canterbury 1033-1109 (76) was appointed Archbishop of Canterbury.

In 1139 Theobald of Bec (49) was appointed Archbishop of Canterbury.

On 24 May 1162 Thomas Becket Archbishop of Canterbury 1119-1170 (42) was appointed Archbishop of Canterbury.

On 22 Dec 1163 Robert Melun Bishop of Hereford 1100-1167 (63) was consecrated Bishop of Hereford by Thomas Becket Archbishop of Canterbury 1119-1170 (44) at Canterbury Cathedral.

Murder of Thomas a Becket

On 29 Dec 1170 Thomas Becket Archbishop of Canterbury 1119-1170 (51) was murdered at Canterbury Cathedral by four knights on behalf of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (37). Whether the ordered the murder, or whether the four knights were acting without orders, is a matter of conjecture.

In Dec 1184 Baldwin Avigo Archbishop of Canterbury 1125-1190 (59) was translated to Archbishop of Canterbury.

On 29 May 1193 Hubert Walter Archbishop of Canterbury 1160-1205 (33) was elected as Archbishop of Canterbury.

On 07 Jun 1207 Stephen Langton Archbishop of Canterbury 1150-1228 (57) was consecrated Archbishop of Canterbury at Viterbo by Pope Innocent III 1160-1216 (47).

On 19 Jun 1229 Bishop Hugh of Northwold -1254 was consecrated Bishop of Ely at Canterbury Cathedral.

In 1233 Archbishop Edmund Rich 1174-1240 (58) was appointed Archbishop of Canterbury.

On 12 Nov 1234 Bishop Ralph de Maidstone -1245 was consecrated Bishop of Hereford by Archbishop Edmund Rich 1174-1240 (59) at Canterbury Cathedral.

Wedding of Henry III and Eleanor of Provence

On 14 Jan 1236 Henry III King England 1207-1272 (28) and Eleanor of Provence Queen Consort England 1223-1291 (13) were married at Canterbury Cathedral by Archbishop Edmund Rich 1174-1240 (61). They were fourth cousins. He a son of John "Lackland" King England 1166-1216.

First Council of Lyon

On 15 Jan 1245 Boniface Savoy Archbishop of Canterbury 1207-1270 (38) was consecrated Archbishop of Canterbury at Lyon by Pope Innocent IV during the First Council of Lyon.

On 25 Jan 1279 John Peckham Archbishop of Canterbury 1230-1292 (49) was appointed Archbishop of Canterbury.

On 13 Feb 1293 Robert Winchelsey Archbishop of Canterbury 1245-1313 (48) was elected Archbishop of Canterbury.

On 12 Sep 1294 Robert Winchelsey Archbishop of Canterbury 1245-1313 (49) was consecrated Archbishop of Canterbury in Aquila by Pope Celestine V.

Edward I and Margaret of France Wedding

On 08 Sep 1299 Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (60) and Margaret of France Queen Consort England 1279-1318 (20) were married at Canterbury Cathedral. They were first cousins once removed. He a son of Henry III King England 1207-1272. She a great x 3 granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189. She by marriage Queen Consort England.

Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick 1272-1315 (27) was present.

Release of King John II of France

Around 30 Jun 1360 John "The Good" II King France 1319-1364 (41) left the Tower of London and proceeded to Eltham Palace where Queen Philippa (46) had prepared a great farewell entertainment. Passing the night at Dartford, he continued towards Dover, stopping at the Maison Dieu of St Mary at Ospringe, and paying homage at the shrine of St Thomas Becket at Canterbury on 04 Jul 1360. He dined with the Black Prince (30) at Dover Castle, and reached English-held Calais on 08 Jul 1360.

In May 1375 Simon Sudbury Archbishop of Canterbury 1316-1381 (59) was appointed Archbishop of Canterbury.

Death of the Black Prince

On 08 Jun 1376 Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince of Wales 1330-1376 (45) died of dysentery at Westminster Palace. He was buried in Canterbury Cathedral. His son Richard (9) succeeded King England. His niece Philippa Plantagenet Countess March 5th Countess Ulster 1355-1382 (20) succeeded Heir to the Throne of England.

Peasant's Revolt

On 14 Jun 1381 the rebels gained access to the Tower Hill capturing Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Princess Wales 1328-1385 (52), the future Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (14), Joan Holland Duchess York 1380-1434 (1) and Simon Sudbury Archbishop of Canterbury 1316-1381 (65).

Simon Sudbury Archbishop of Canterbury 1316-1381 (65) was beheaded at Tower Hill. He was buried at Canterbury Cathedral.

On 30 Jul 1381 William de Courtenay Archbishop Canterbury 1342-1396 (39) was appointed Archbishop of Canterbury.

On 31 Jul 1396 William de Courtenay Archbishop Canterbury 1342-1396 (54) died at Maidstone. He was buried in the quire of Canterbury Cathedral.

On 25 Sep 1396 Thomas Fitzalan Archbishop York and Canterbury 1353-1414 (43) was appointed Archbishop of Canterbury.

On 08 Nov 1397 Roger Walden Archbishop of Canterbury -1406 was elected Archbishop of Canterbury as a result of the influence of Thomas Fitzalan Archbishop York and Canterbury 1353-1414 (44).

Before 13 Oct 1399 Thomas Fitzalan Archbishop York and Canterbury 1353-1414 was appointed Archbishop of Canterbury.

On 17 Jun 1408 Archbishop Henry Chichele 1364-1443 (45) was consecrated Archbishop of Canterbury.

Death of King Henry IV Accession of Henry V

On 20 Mar 1413 Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (45) died in the Jerusalem Chamber Cheyneygates Westminster Abbey in Westminster Abbey confirming a prophesy that he would die in Jerusalem. His son King Henry V of England 1386-1422 (26) succeeded V King England. His sons King Henry V of England 1386-1422 (26) and Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 (22) were present. He Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (45) was buried in the Chancel of Canterbury Cathedral.

After 22 Mar 1421 Thomas Lancaster 1st Duke Clarence 1388-1421 was buried at Canterbury Cathedral.

On 20 Jul 1426 Cardinal John Kempe 1380-1454 (46) was appointed Archbishop of Canterbury.

Chronicle of Gregory 1437. Jul 1437. And the same yere dyde Quene Jane (67) a at Averyng at the Bowre, in Esex, in the monythe of Juylle, and she ys buryde at Cauntyrbury whythe hyr hosbonde, Kynge Harry the iiij (70) the.

On 12 Apr 1443 Archbishop Henry Chichele 1364-1443 (80) died. He was buried at Canterbury Cathedral.

In May 1443 Archbishop John Stafford -1452 was appointed Archbishop of Canterbury which position he held until his death.

In Apr 1454 Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (36) was appointed Archbishop of Canterbury.

John Neville married Isabel Ingaldsthorpe

On 25 Apr 1457 John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (26) and Isabel Ingaldsthorpe 1441-1476 (16) were married by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (39) at Canterbury Cathedral during the John Neville married Isabel Ingaldsthorpe. They were second cousins once removed. He a great x 2 grandson of King Edward III England. She a great x 5 granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307.

On 30 Mar 1486 Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (68) died at Knole House. He was buried at Canterbury Cathedral.

On 06 Oct 1486 Cardinal John Morton 1420-1500 (66) was appointed Archbishop of Canterbury.

In 1501 Henry Deane Archbishop of Canterbury -1503 was appointed Archbishop of Canterbury.

On 29 Nov 1503 William Warham Archbishop of Canterbury 1450-1532 (53) was appointed Archbishop of Canterbury.

Before 1532 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Portrait of William Warham Archbishop of Canterbury 1450-1532. Around 1620 based on a work of 1526.Unknown Painter. Portrait of William Warham Archbishop of Canterbury 1450-1532.

Cranmer appointed Archbishop of Canterbury

After 01 Sep 1532 Thomas Cranmer Archbishop of Canterbury 1489-1556, whilst staying in Mantua, received a royal letter dated 01 Sep 1532 by which he was appointed Archbishop of Canterbury; he was ordered to return to England. Cranmer's appointment, supported, if not arranged, by the Boleyn family who he subsequently supported.

1533 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Portrait of Thomas Cranmer Archbishop of Canterbury 1489-1556. In 1544 Gerlach Flicke Painter 1520-1558. Portrait of Thomas Cranmer Archbishop of Canterbury 1489-1556.

Thomas Becket Shrine destroyed

In Sep 1538 Henry VIII (47) ordered Thomas of Becket's shrine at Canterbury Cathedral to be destroyed. Both an attack on the Catholic Church, and a means to generate revenue; Thomas' shrine was covered in precious metals and stones. Two huges chests, each requiring six men to carry, were required to remove the treasure.

1536 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Portrait of King Henry VIII of England and Ireland 1491-1547. 1540 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Miniature portrait of King Henry VIII of England and Ireland 1491-1547. Around 1525 Unknown Painter. Netherlands. Portrait of King Henry VIII of England and Ireland 1491-1547.

On 16 Nov 1538 Henry VIII (47) attacked Thomas of Becket's reputation, removing his canonisation at the same time.

Henry enacted legislation as follows:

ITEM, for as moche as it appereth now clerely, that Thomas Becket, sometyme Archbyshop of Canterburie, stubburnly to withstand the holsome lawes establyshed agaynste the enormities of the clergie, by the kynges highness mooste noble progenitour, kynge HENRY the Seconde, for the common welthe, reste, and tranquillitie of this realme, of his frowarde mynde fledde the realme into Fraunce, and to the bishop of Rome, mayntenour of those enormities, to procure the abrogation of the sayd lawes, whereby arose moch trouble in this said realme, and that his dethe, which they untruely called martyrdome, happened upon a reskewe by him made, and that, as it is written, he gave opprobrious wordes to the gentyllmen, whiche than counsayled hym to leave his stubbernesse, and to avoyde the commocion of the people, rysen up for that rescue. And he not only callyd the one of them bawde, but also toke Tracy by the bosome, and violently shoke and plucked hym in suche maner, that he had almoste overthrowen hym to the pavement of the Churche; so that upon this fray one of their company, perceivynge the same, strake hym, and so in the thronge Becket was slayne. And further that his canonization was made onely by the bysshop of Rome, bycause he had ben a champion of maynteyne his usurped auctoritie, and a bearer of the iniquitie of the clergie, for these and for other great and urgent causes, longe to recyte, the Kynge's Maiestie, by the advyse of his counsayle, hath thought expedient to declare to his lovynge subjectes, that notwithstandynge the sayde canonization, there appereth nothynge in his lyfe and exteriour conversation, wherby he shuld be callyd a sainct, but rather estemed to have ben a rebell and traytour to his prynce. Therefore his Grace strayghtly chargeth and commandeth that from henseforth the sayde Thomas Becket shall not be estemed, named, reputed, nor called a sayncte, but bysshop Becket; and that his ymages and pictures, through the hole realme, shall be putte downe, and avoyded out of all churches, chapelles, and other places; and that from henseforthe, the dayes used to be festivall in his name shall not be observed, nor the service, office, antiphoners, colletes, and prayers, in his name redde, but rased and put out of all the bokes.

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On 30 Mar 1553 Thomas Cranmer Archbishop of Canterbury 1489-1556 (63) was consecrated as Archbishop of Canterbury at St Stephen's Chapel by John Longland Bishop of Lincoln -1547, John Vesey aka Harman Bishop of Exeter 1462-1555 (91) and Henry Standish Bishop of St Asaph 1475-1535 (78).

On 01 Aug 1559 Archbishop Matthew Parker 1504-1575 (54) was elected Archbishop of Canterbury. He was helped by his friend Nicholas Bacon Lord Keeper 1510-1579 (48).

Unknown Painter. Posthumous portrait of Nicholas Bacon Lord Keeper 1510-1579.

Consecration of Matthew Parker as Archbishop of Canterbury

Diary of Henry Machyn December 1559. 16 Dec 1559. The xvj day of Desember was the sam man bered in sant Don stones in the est, master Cottell, that was slayne with (the) falle, and he had a sarmon, and all ys compene in ther clothyng, and a grett dener, for ther was mad mon [moan] for hym, and a dolle.... Parker (55) electyd byshope of Canturbere.

On 17 Dec 1559 Archbishop Matthew Parker 1504-1575 (55) was consecrated Archbishop of Canterbury at Lambeth Palace by Bishop William Barlow 1498-1568 (61).

In Nov 1604 Richard Bancroft Archibishop Canterbury 1544-1610 (60) was elected Archbishop of Canterbury.

In 1611 George Abbott Archbishop of Canterbury 1562-1633 (48) was elected Archbishop of Canterbury.

On 06 Aug 1633 William Laud Archbishop of Canterbury 1573-1645 (59) was appointed Archbishop of Canterbury.

In 1631 Daniel Mijtens Painter 1590-1648. Portrait of William Laud Archbishop of Canterbury 1573-1645. Around 1636 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of William Laud Archbishop of Canterbury 1573-1645. Wearing a black Chimere over his white Rochet.

John Evelyn's Diary 12 October 1641. 12 Oct 1641. From Dover, I that night rode post to Canterbury. Here I visited the cathedral, then in great splendour, those famous windows being entire, since demolished by the fanatics. The next morning, by Sittingboume, I came to Rochester, and thence to Gravesend, where a light-horseman (as they call it) taking us in, we spent our tide as far as Greenwich. From hence, after we had a little refreshed ourselves at the College, (for by reason of the contagion then in London we balked the inns,) we came to London landing at Arundel-stairs. Here I took leave of his Lordship (56), and retired to my lodgings in the Middle Temple, being about two in the morning, the 14th of October.

In 1618 Daniel Mijtens Painter 1590-1648. Portrait of Thomas Howard 21st Earl Arundel 4th Earl Surrey 1st Earl Norfolk 1585-1646. In 1630 Daniel Mijtens Painter 1590-1648. Portrait of Thomas Howard 21st Earl Arundel 4th Earl Surrey 1st Earl Norfolk 1585-1646 and wearing his Garter Collar. Around 1629 Peter Paul Rubens Painter 1577-1640. Portrait of Thomas Howard 21st Earl Arundel 4th Earl Surrey 1st Earl Norfolk 1585-1646.

On 03 Jan 1644 Thomas Turner Dean Canterbury 1591-1672 (53) was appointed Dean of Canterbury.

On 30 Oct 1651 Thomas Papillon Merchant Politician 1623-1702 (28) and Jane Broadnax -1698 were married at Canterbury Cathedral.

In 1660, at the Restoration, Peter Gunning Bishop 1614-1684 (46) was appointed Canon Canterbury.

Before 1684. Circle of Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of Peter Gunning Bishop 1614-1684.

In 1660 Bishop George Hall 1613-1668 (47) was appointed Archdeacon Canterbury.

On 13 Sep 1660 William Juxon Archbishop 1582-1663 (78) was elected Archbishop of Canterbury.

In 1663 Gilbert Sheldon Archbishop of Canterbury 1598-1677 (64) was appointed Archbishop of Canterbury.

John Evelyn's Diary 31 August 1663. 31 Aug 1663. I was invited to the translation of Dr. Sheldon (65), Bishop of London, from that see to Canterbury, the ceremony performed at Lambeth Palace. First, went his Grace's mace bearer, steward, treasurer, comptroller, all in their gowns, and with white staves; next, the bishops in their habits, eight in number; Dr. Sweate, Dean of the Arches, Dr. Exton, Judge of the Admiralty, Sir William Merick, Judge of the Prerogative Court, with divers advocates in scarlet. After divine service in the chapel, performed with music extraordinary, Dr. French and Dr. Stradling (his Grace's chaplains) said prayers. The Archbishop in a private room looking into the chapel, the bishops, who were commissioners, went up to a table placed before the altar, and sat round it in chairs. Then Dr. Chaworth presented the commission under the broad seal to the Bishop of Winchester (65), and it was read by Dr. Sweate. After which, the Vicar-General went to the vestry, and brought his Grace into the chapel, his other officers marching before. He being presented to the Commissioners, was seated in a great armchair at one end of the table, when the definitive sentence was read by the Bishop of Winchester (65), and subscribed by all the bishops, and proclamation was three times made at the chapel door, which was then set open for any to enter, and give their exceptions; if any they had. This done, we all went to dinner in the great hall to a mighty feast. There were present all the nobility in town, the Lord Mayor of London, Sheriffs, Duke of Albemarle (54), etc. My Lord Archbishop did in particular most civilly welcome me. So going to visit my Lady Needham, who lived at Lambeth, I went over to London.

Before 03 Jan 1670  Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of George Monck 1st Duke Albemarle 1608-1670. Before 03 Jan 1670 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of George Monck 1st Duke Albemarle 1608-1670 in his Garter Robes.

John Evelyn's Diary 05 January 1665. 05 Jan 1665. I arrived at Canterbury, and went to the cathedral, exceedingly well repaired since his Majesty's (34) return.

Around 1642. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646. Portrait of the future King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. Before 1691. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. Around 1665 John Greenhill Painter 1644-1676. Portrait of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 in his Garter Robes. Around 1661 John Michael Wright 1617-1694. Portrait of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 in his coronation robes. Before 11 Jul 1671 Adriaen Hanneman Painter 1603-1671. Portrait of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. 1675. Hendrick Danckerts Painter 1625-1680. Portrait of Royal Gardener John Rose presenting a pineappel to King Charles II

John Evelyn's Diary 07 March 1666. 07 Mar 1666. Dr. Sancroft (49), since Archbishop of Canterbury, preached before the King (35) about the identity and immutability of God, on Psalm cii. 27.

In 1667 William Sancroft Archbishop of Canterbury 1617-1693 (49) was appointed Archbishop of Canterbury at the express wish of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (36).

In 1670 Samuel Parker Bishop of Oxford 1640-1688 (30) was appointed Archdeacon Canterbury.

In 1670 John Tillotson Archbishop of Canterbury 1630-1694 (39) was appointed Prebendary Canterbury.

In 1672 John Tillotson Archbishop of Canterbury 1630-1694 (41) was appointed Dean of Canterbury.

In 1683 Charles Kirkoven 1st Earl Bellomont 1643-1683 (39) died. He was buried at Canterbury Cathedral.

In 1689 John Sharp Archbishop York 1645-1714 (43) was appointed Dean of Canterbury.

John Evelyn's Diary 08 March 1689. 08 Mar 1689. Dr. Tillotson (58), Dean of Canterbury, made an excellent discourse on Matt. v. 44, exhorting to charity and forgiveness of enemies; I suppose purposely, the new Parliament being furious about impeaching those who were obnoxious, and as their custom has ever been, going on violently, without reserve, or modification, while wise men were of opinion the most notorious offenders being named and excepted, an Act of Amnesty would be more seasonable, to pacify the minds of men in so general a discontent of the nation, especially of those who did not expect to see the government assumed without any regard to the absent King, or proving a spontaneous abdication, or that the birth of the Prince of Wales was an imposture; five of the Bishops also still refusing to take the new oath.

In the meantime, to gratify the people, the hearth-tax was remitted forever; but what was intended to supply it, besides present great taxes on land, is not named.

The King (55) abroad was now furnished by the French King (50) with money and officers for an expedition to Ireland. The great neglect in not more timely preventing that from hence, and the disturbances in Scotland, give apprehensions of great difficulties, before any settlement can be perfected here, while the Parliament dispose of the great offices among themselves. The Great Seal, Treasury and Admiralty put into commission of many unexpected persons, to gratify the more; so that by the present appearance of things (unless God Almighty graciously interpose and give success in Ireland and settle Scotland) more trouble seems to threaten the nation than could be expected. In the interim, the new King refers all to the Parliament in the most popular manner, but is very slow in providing against all these menaces, besides finding difficulties in raising men to send abroad; the former army, which had never seen any service hitherto, receiving their pay and passing their summer in an idle scene of a camp at Hounslow, unwilling to engage, and many disaffected, and scarce to be trusted.

Before 1694 John Michael Wright 1617-1694. Portrait of King James II when Duke of York. Around 1666 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of King James II and Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671. See Diary of Samuel Pepys 24 March 1666. Before 04 Jan 1674 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of King James II wearing his Garter Robes. Around 1672 Henri Gascar Painter 1635-1701. Portrait of King James II.

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John Evelyn's Diary 09 December 1694. 09 Dec 1694. I had news that my dear and worthy friend, Dr. Tenison (58), Bishop of Lincoln, was made Archbishop of Canterbury, for which I thank God and rejoice, he being most worthy of it, for his learning, piety, and prudence.

In 1695 Thomas Tenison Archbishop of Canterbury 1636-1715 (58) was appointed Archbishop of Canterbury.

On 21 Oct 1747 Thomas Herring Archbishop of Canterbury 1693-1757 (54) was elected Archbishop of Canterbury.

Around 1745 William Hogarth Painter 1697-1764. Portrait of Thomas Herring Archbishop of Canterbury 1693-1757.

In 1768 Archbishop Frederick Cornwallis 1713-1783 (54) was translated to Archbishop of Canterbury.

Around 1760. Nathaniel Dance Holland Painter 1735-1811. Portrait of Archbishop Frederick Cornwallis 1713-1783.

In 1790 Bishop William Buller 1735-1796 (55) was translated to Dean of Canterbury.

In 1805 Charles Manners-Sutton Archbishop of Canterbury 1755-1828 (49) was appointed Archbishop of Canterbury.

Before 23 Jan 1810 John Hoppner Painter 1758-1810 (attributed). Portrait of Charles Manners-Sutton Archbishop of Canterbury 1755-1828.

In 1828 Archbishop William Howley 1766-1848 (61) was appointed Archbishop of Canterbury.

1880. Henry Tanworth Wells Painter 1828-1903. Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 being informed she was Queen by Francis Nathaniel Conyngham 2nd Marquess Conyngham 1797-1876 and Archbishop William Howley 1766-1848.Death of King William IV Succession of Queen Victoria 1828. Martin Archer Shee Painter 1769-1850. Portrait of Archbishop William Howley 1766-1848.

In 1862 Charles Longley Archbishop 1794-1868 (67) was appointed Archbishop of Canterbury.

1868. George Richmond Painter 1809-1896. Portrait of Charles Longley Archbishop 1794-1868.

In 1883 Archibishop Edward White Benson 1829-1896 (53) was appointed Archbishop of Canterbury.

On 24 Jun 1884 Bishop Adelbert John Robert Anson 1840-1909 (43) was consecrated Bishop of Bishop of Qu'Appelle in Canada by Archbishop of Canterbury at St Mary at Lambeth Church.

In 1903 Bishop Randall Davidson (54) was elected Archbishop of Canterbury.

1910. John Singer Sargent 1856-1925. Portrait of Archbishop Randall Davidson 1848-1930.

On 26 Jul 1928 Archibishop Cosmo Gordon Lang 1864-1945 (63) was appointed Archbishop of Canterbury.

On 04 Dec 1928 Archibishop Cosmo Gordon Lang 1864-1945 (64) was enthroned Archbishop of Canterbury.

On 12 Jan 1945 Archbishop Geoffrey Fisher 1887-1972 (57) was nominated Archbishop of Canterbury.

Bede's Ecclesiastical History of England Book 4 Chapter 1. But the apostolic pope having consulted about that affair, made diligent inquiry for some one to send to be archbishop of the English churches. There was then in the Niridan monastery, which is not far from the city of Naples in Campania, an abbot, called Hadrian, by nation an African, well versed in holy writ, experienced in monastical and ecclesiastical discipline, and excellently skilled both in the Greek and Latin tongues. The pope, sending for him, commanded him to accept of the bishopric, and repair into Britain ; he answered, that he was unworthy of so great a dignity, but said he could name another, whose learning and age were fitter for the episcopal office. And having proposed to the pope a certain monk, belonging to a neighbouring monastery of virgins, whose name was Andrew, he was by all that knew him judged worthy of a bishopric ; but bodily infirmity prevented his being advanced to the episcopal station. Then again Hadrian was pressed to accept of the bishopric ; but he desired a respite for a time, to see whether he could find another fit to be ordained bishop.

Corona Canterbury Cathedral, Kent

North Side Corona Corona Canterbury Cathedral, Kent

On 17 Nov 1558 Cardinal Reginald Pole 1500-1558 (58) died at London. He was buried at North Side Corona Corona Canterbury Cathedral.

Dean's Chapel Canterbury Cathedral, Kent

On 08 Oct 1672 Thomas Turner Dean Canterbury 1591-1672 (81) died. He was buried in the Dean's Chapel Canterbury Cathedral.

Guest House Canterbury Cathedral, Kent

Lady Chapel Canterbury Cathedral, Kent

Chapel of St Benedict Lady Chapel Canterbury Cathedral, Kent

After 926 the remains of Athelm Archishop Canterbury -926 were moved to the Chapel of St Benedict Lady Chapel Canterbury Cathedral.

North Transept, Canterbury Cathedral, Kent

After 926 the remains of Athelm Archishop Canterbury -926 were moved to the North Transept.

St Michael's Chapel, Canterbury Cathedral, Kent