History of Christ Church College

Christ Church College is in Oxford University.

Around 1568 Philip Sidney Poet 1554-1586 (13) educated at Christ Church College.

Around 1576 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Philip Sidney Poet 1554-1586.

Around 1571 Richard Carew 1555-1620 (15) educated at Christ Church College.

Around 1574 Edward Montagu 1st Baron Montagu 1563-1644 (11) was educated at Christ Church College.

Around 1577 Robert Sidney 1st Earl of Leicester 1563-1626 (13) educated at Christ Church College.

Around 1588 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Robert Sidney 1st Earl of Leicester 1563-1626.

In Jan 1591 Robert Killigrew 1580-1633 (11) was educated at Christ Church College.

On 23 Dec 1621 Heneage Finch 1st Earl Nottingham 1621-1682 was born to Heneage Finch Speaker of the House of Commons 1580-1631 (41) and Frances Bell -1627. He was educated at Westminster School and Christ Church College.

In 1666 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Heneage Finch 1st Earl Nottingham 1621-1682.Before 1631. Unknown Painter. Portrait of Heneage Finch Speaker of the House of Commons 1580-1631 in the robes of Serjeant at Law.

In 1628 Henry Killigrew Chaplain 1613-1700 (14) educated at Christ Church College.

Around 1633 Henry Bennet 1st Earl Arlington 1618-1685 (15) educated at Christ Church College.

Around 1676 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Henry Bennet 1st Earl Arlington 1618-1685 wearing his Garter Robes.Before 07 Dec 1680 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Henry Bennet 1st Earl Arlington 1618-1685.

Around 1635 Andrew Newport 1620-1699 (14) educated at Christ Church College.

In 1638 Henry Killigrew Chaplain 1613-1700 (24) was awarded Master of Arts: Oxford University at Christ Church College.

In 1649 John Temple 1632-1705 (16) was awarded Bachelor of Arts at Christ Church College.

John Evelyn's Diary 31 August 1654. 31 Aug 1654. Through part of Huntingdonshire, we passed that town, fair and ancient, a river running by it. The country about it so abounds in wheat that, when any King of England passes through it, they have a custom to meet him with a hundred plows.
This evening, to Cambridge; and went first to St. John's College, well built of brick, and library, which I think is the fairest of that University. One Mr. Benlowes has given it all the ornaments of pietra commessa, whereof a table and one piece of perspective is very fine; other trifles there also be of no great value, besides a vast old song-book, or Service, and some fair manuscripts. There hangs in the library the picture of John Williams, Archbishop of York, sometime Lord Keeper, my kinsman, and their great benefactor.
Trinity College is said by some to be the fairest quadrangle of any university in Europe; but in truth is far inferior to that of Christ Church, in Oxford; the hall is ample and of stone, the fountain in the quadrangle is graceful, the chapel and library fair. There they showed us the prophetic manuscript of the famous Grebner, but the passage and emblem which they would apply to our late King, is manifestly relating to the Swedish; in truth, it seems to be a mere fantastic rhapsody, however the title may bespeak strange revelations. There is an office in manuscript with fine miniatures, and some other antiquities, given by the Countess of Richmond, mother of Henry VIII, and the before-mentioned Archbishop Williams, when Bishop of Lincoln. The library is pretty well stored. The Greek Professor had me into another large quadrangle cloistered and well built, and gave us a handsome collation in his own chamber.
Thence to Caius, and afterward to King's College, where I found the chapel altogether answered expectation, especially the roof, all of stone, which for the flatness of its laying and carving may, I conceive, vie with any in Christendom. The contignation of the roof (which I went upon), weight, and artificial joining of the stones is admirable. The lights are also very fair. In one aisle lies the famous Dr. Collins, so celebrated for his fluency in the Latin tongue. From this roof we could descry Ely, and the encampment of Sturbridge fair now beginning to set up their tents and booths; also Royston, Newmarket, etc., houses belonging to the King. The library is too narrow.
Clare-Hall is of a new and noble design, but not finished.
Peter-House, formerly under the government of my worthy friend, Dr. Joseph Cosin (59) [Note. Joseph appears to be a mistake for John?], Dean of Peterborough; a pretty neat college, having a delicate chapel. Next to Sidney, a fine college.
Catherine-Hall, though a mean structure, is yet famous for the learned Bishop Andrews, once Master. Emanuel College, that zealous house, where to the hall they have a parlor for the Fellows. The chapel is reformed, ab origine, built north and south, and meanly erected, as is the library.
Jesus College, one of the best built, but in a melancholy situation. Next to Christ-College, a very noble erection, especially the modern part, built without the quadrangle toward the gardens, of exact architecture.
The Schools are very despicable, and Public Library but mean, though somewhat improved by the wainscoting and books lately added by the Bishop Bancroft's library and MSS. They showed us little of antiquity, only King James's Works, being his own gift, and kept very reverently.
The market place is very ample, and remarkable for old Hobson, the pleasant carrier's beneficence of a fountain. But the whole town is situate in a low, dirty, unpleasant place, the streets ill-paved, the air thick and infected by the fens, nor are its churches, (of which St. Mary's is the best) anything considerable in compare to Oxford.
From Cambridge, we went to Audley-End, and spent some time in seeing that goodly place built by Howard, Earl of Suffolk, once Lord Treasurer. It is a mixed fabric, between antique and modern, but observable for its being completely finished, and without comparison is one of the stateliest palaces in the kingdom. It consists of two courts, the first very large, winged with cloisters. The front had a double entrance; the hall is fair, but somewhat too small for so august a pile. The kitchen is very large, as are the cellars, arched with stone, very neat and well disposed; these offices are joined by a wing out of the way very handsomely. The gallery is the most cheerful and I think one of the best in England; a fair dining-room, and the rest of the lodgings answerable, with a pretty chapel. The gardens are not in order, though well inclosed. It has also a bowling-alley, a noble well-walled, wooded and watered park, full of fine collines and ponds: the river glides before the palace, to which is an avenue of lime trees, but all this is much diminished by its being placed in an obscure bottom. For the rest, is a perfectly uniform structure, and shows without like a diadem, by the decorations of the cupolas and other ornaments on the pavilions; instead of rails and balusters, there is a border of capital letters, as was lately also on Suffolk House, near Charing-Cross, built by the same Lord Treasurer.
This house stands in the parish of Saffron Walden, famous for the abundance of saffron there cultivated, and esteemed the best of any foreign country.

Before 1634 Gilbert Jackson Painter 1595-1648. Portrait of John Williams Archbishop of York 1582-1650.Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck Painter 1460-1525. Portrait of Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 in the Masters Lodge St John's College. Commissioned by John Fisher Bishop of Rochester 1469-1535. Note the Beaufort Arms on the wall beneath which is the Beafort Portcullis. Repeated in the window. She is wearing widow's clothes, or possibly that of a convent; Gabled Headress with Lappets. On 29 Mar 2019, St John's College, Cambridge, which she founded, announced the portrait was original work by Wewyck.In 1598 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk 1561-1626.

On 21 Apr 1657 Thomas Thynne 1st Viscount Weymouth 1640-1714 (17) entered at Christ Church College.

Before 1714 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Thomas Thynne 1st Viscount Weymouth 1640-1714.

In 1658 Robert Reading 1st Baronet Reading 1640-1689 (18) was awarded Master of Arts: Oxford University by Christ Church College.

Around 1660 Richard Newport 2nd Earl Bradford 1644-1723 (15) was awarded Master of Arts at Christ Church College.

On 05 Dec 1660 William Moreton Bishop Meath 1641-1715 (19) was educated at Christ Church College.

Around 1661 Charles Berkeley 2nd Earl Berkeley 1649-1710 (11) educated at Christ Church College.

Flora's Figarys. Flora's Figarys. Or Flora's Vagaries. Written by Richard Rhodes. First performed at Christ Church College on 08 Jan 1663 where Richard Rhodes was a scholar.

On 22 Apr 1664 Charles Dormer 1652-1672 (11) was educated at Christ Church College.

On 18 Nov 1664 Heneage Finch 1st Earl Aylesford 1649-1719 (15) was educated at Christ Church College.

On 08 Sep 1665 Scrope Howe 1st Viscount Howe 1648-1713 (16) was awarded Master Arts at Christ Church College.

On 29 Oct 1668 Thomas Whitley of Peel Hall MP 1651-1696 (17) matriculated Christ Church College.

In 1669 Thomas Otway 1652-1685 (16) entered Christ Church College where he first learned to love books througth his aquaintence with Anthony Carey 5th Viscount Falkland 1656-1694 (12).

Before 16 Apr 1685. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of Thomas Otway 1652-1685.

On 03 Dec 1669 John Guise 2nd Baronet Guise 1654-1695 (15) matriculated Christ Church College

On 21 May 1672 Thomas Newport 1st Baron Torrington 1655-1719 (17) was educated at Christ Church College.

John Evelyn's Diary 24 October 1672. 24 Oct 1672. Met in Council, the Earl of Shaftesbury (51), now our president, swearing our secretary and his clerks, which was Mr. Locke, an excellent learned gentleman, and student of Christ Church, Mr. Lloyd, and Mr. Frowde. We dispatched a letter to Sir Thomas Linch, Governor of Jamaica, giving him notice of a design of the Dutch on that island.

Around 1672 John Greenhill Painter 1644-1676. Portrait of Anthony Ashley-Cooper 1st Earl Shaftesbury 1621-1683.Before 11 Jul 1671 Adriaen Hanneman Painter 1603-1671. Portrait of Anthony Ashley-Cooper 1st Earl Shaftesbury 1621-1683.

On 11 Apr 1674 Charles Mordaunt 3rd Earl Peterborough 1st Earl Monmouth 1658-1735 (16) was educated at Christ Church College.

Around 1685 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Charles Mordaunt 3rd Earl Peterborough 1st Earl Monmouth 1658-1735.

Around 1677 Hugh Cholmondeley 1st Earl Cholmondeley 1662-1725 (15) educated at Christ Church College.

Sinking of Gloucester

John Evelyn's Diary 25 May 1682. 25 May 1682. I was desired by Sir Stephen Fox (55) and Sir Christopher Wren (58) to accompany them to Lambeth, with the plot and design of the college to be built at Chelsea, to have the Archbishop's approbation. It was a quadrangle of 200 feet square, after the dimensions of the larger quadrangle at Christ church, Oxford, for the accommodation of 440 persons, with Governor of and officers. This was agreed on.
The Duke (48) and James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (48) and Duchess of York (23) were just now come to London, after his escape and shipwreck, as he went by sea for Scotland. See Sinking of Gloucester.

Before 1725. John James Baker Painter -1725. Portrait of Stephen Fox Paymaster 1627-1716.In 1711 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Christopher Wren Architect 1632-1723.Before 1694 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694. Portrait of James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 when Duke of York.Around 1666 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 and Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671. See Samuel Pepys' Diary 24 March 1666.Before 04 Jan 1674 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 wearing his Garter Robes.Around 1672 Henri Gascar Painter 1635-1701. Portrait of James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701.In 1687 Studio of Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Mary of Modena Queen Consort England Scotland and Ireland 1658-1718.In 1698. Francois de Troy Painter 1645-1730. Portrait of Mary of Modena Queen Consort England Scotland and Ireland 1658-1718.Around 1685 Willem Wissing Painter 1656-1687. Portrait of Mary of Modena Queen Consort England Scotland and Ireland 1658-1718.Around 1680 Simon Pietersz Verelst Painter 1644-1710. Portrait of Mary of Modena Queen Consort England Scotland and Ireland 1658-1718.

On 02 Mar 1686 Arthur Kaye 3rd Baronet Kaye 1670-1726 (16) was educated at Christ Church College.

Around 1687 William Flower 1st Baron Castle Durrow 1685-1746 (1) educated at Christ Church College.

In 1690 James Annesley 3rd Earl Anglesey 1674-1702 (15) was educated at Christ Church College.

Around 1695 John Mordaunt 1681-1710 (14) educated at Christ Church College.

In 1705 Henry Herbert 6th Earl Montgomery 9th Earl Pembroke 1693-1749 (11) educated at Christ Church College.

In 1711 John Campbell 3rd Earl Breadalbaine and Holland 1696-1782 (14) was educated at Christ Church College.

On 20 Oct 1711 Jacob Bouverie 1st Viscount Folkestone 1694-1761 (17) was educated at Christ Church College.

On 02 May 1718 James Hamilton 5th Duke Hamilton 2nd Duke Brandon 1703-1743 (15) was educated at Christ Church College.

Around 1719 Stephen Fox-Strangways 1st Earl Ilchester 1704-1776 (14) educated at Christ Church College.

In 1765 Francis Cotes Painter 1726-1770. Portrait of Stephen Fox-Strangways 1st Earl Ilchester 1704-1776.

On 06 Jun 1719 James Hamilton 5th Duke Hamilton 2nd Duke Brandon 1703-1743 (16) was appointed Doctor of Civil Law at Christ Church College.

On 02 Dec 1726 Nicholas Herbert 1706-1775 (20) was educated at Christ Church College.

Around 1730 John Tylney 2nd Earl Tylney 1712-1784 (17) educated at Christ Church College.

In 1731 Thomas Osborne 4th Duke Leeds 1713-1789 (17) was educated at Christ Church College.

In 1738 Thomas Osborne 4th Duke Leeds 1713-1789 (24) was awarded Doctor of Civil Law at Christ Church College.

On 26 Jan 1741 Francis Scott 1721-1750 (19) was awarded Master of Arts: Oxford University at Christ Church College.

On 26 Jun 1747 Frederick Keppel Bishop of Exeter 1728-1777 (19) was educated at Christ Church College.

On 03 Jul 1749 Henry Vane 2nd Earl Darlington 1726-1792 (23) graduated at Christ Church College.

In 1752 Frederick Keppel Bishop of Exeter 1728-1777 (23) graduated Bachelor of Arts at Christ Church College.

In 1754 Frederick Keppel Bishop of Exeter 1728-1777 (25) graduated Master of Arts: Oxford University at Christ Church College.

On 19 Oct 1762 Frederick Keppel Bishop of Exeter 1728-1777 (34) graduated Doctor of Divinty at Christ Church College.

In 1763 Reginald Courtenay Bishop of Bristol Bishop of Exeter 1741-1803 (21) graduated Bachelor of Arts at Christ Church College.

In 1763 Charles Marsham 1st Earl Romney 1744-1811 (18) educated at Christ Church College.

In 1763 James Dutton 1st Baron Sherborne 1744-1820 (18) educated at Christ Church College.

On 24 Sep 1764 George Greville 2nd Earl Warwick 2nd Earl Brooke Warwick Castle 1746-1816 (18) was educated at Christ Church College.

In 1766 Reginald Courtenay Bishop of Bristol Bishop of Exeter 1741-1803 (24) graduated Master of Arts: Oxford University at Christ Church College.

Around 1768 Francis Osborne 5th Duke Leeds 1751-1799 (16) educated at Christ Church College.

Around 1769 Benjamin West Painter 1738-1820. Portrait of Francis Osborne 5th Duke Leeds 1751-1799.

On 24 May 1769 Charles Finch 1752-1819 (16) was educated at Christ Church College.

On 22 Oct 1771 George Legge 3rd Earl Dartmouth 1755-1810 (16) was educated at Christ Church College.

In 1778 Pompeo Batoni Painter 1708-1787. Portrait of George Legge 3rd Earl Dartmouth 1755-1810.

In 1774 Percy Charles Wyndham 1757-1833 (16) educated at Christ Church College.

In 1774 Reginald Courtenay Bishop of Bristol Bishop of Exeter 1741-1803 (32) graduated Doctor of Divinty at Christ Church College.

On 18 May 1776 Charles Henry Mordaunt 5th Earl Peterborough 3rd Earl Monmouth 1758-1814 (18) was educated at Christ Church College.

Around 1780 Frederick North 5th Earl Guildford 1766-1827 (13) educated at Christ Church College.

On 01 Feb 1783 George Talbot Rice 3rd Baron Dynevor 1765-1852 (17) was educated at Christ Church College.

Around 1784 William Robert Spencer 1769-1834 (14) educated at Christ Church College.

On 30 May 1786 George Talbot Rice 3rd Baron Dynevor 1765-1852 (20) was awarded Master of Arts: Oxford University at Christ Church College.

In Apr 1789 Granville Leveson Gower 1st Earl Granville 1773-1846 (15) was educated at Christ Church College.

Between 1804 and 1809. Thomas Lawrence Painter 1769-1830. Portrait of Granville Leveson Gower 1st Earl Granville 1773-1846.

In 1793 Charles Marsham 2nd Earl Romney 1777-1845 (15) educated at Christ Church College.

Around 1795 William Courtenay 10th Earl Devon 1777-1859 (17) educated at Christ Church College.

On 24 Oct 1798 Johnathan Cope 1780-1814 (18) matriculated Christ Church College.

On 27 Apr 1804 John Chandos Reade 7th Baronet 1785-1868 (19) matriculated Christ Church College as a Gentleman Commoner.

On 30 Oct 1812 George Rice Trevor 4th Baron Dynevor 1795-1869 (17) was educated at Christ Church College.

On 23 May 1814 Henry Edward John Howard 1795-1868 (18) was educated at Christ Church College.

Around 1815 Edward Smith Stanley 14th Earl Derby 1799-1869 (15) educated at Christ Church College.

Around 1816 Henry John George Herbert 3rd Earl Carnarvon 1800-1849 (15) educated at Christ Church College.

Around 1816 Richard White 2nd Earl Bantry 1800-1868 (15) educated at Christ Church College.

Around 1818 Edward Adolphus Seymour 12th Duke Somerset 1804-1885 (13) educated at Christ Church College.

In 1824 Spencer Bulkeley Wynn 3rd Baron Newborough 1803-1888 (20) graduated Master of Arts: Oxford University at Christ Church College.

In 1827 Philip Stanhope 5th Earl Stanhope 1805-1875 (21) graduated at Christ Church College.

1834. George Hayter Painter 1792-1871. Portrait of Philip Stanhope 5th Earl Stanhope 1805-1875.

In 1837 Edward Frederick Leveson Gower 1819-1907 (17) educated at Christ Church College.

In 1840 Edward Frederick Leveson Gower 1819-1907 (20) graduated Bachelor of Arts at Christ Church College.

In 1844 Edward Frederick Leveson Gower 1819-1907 (24) graduated Master of Arts: Oxford University at Christ Church College.

Around 1850 Francis Edmund Cecil Byng 5th Earl Strafford 1835-1918 (14) educated where he studied law and modern history at Christ Church College.

On 05 Jun 1864 Walter Shirley 11th Earl Ferrers 1864-1937 was born to Walter Waddington Shirley 1828-1866 (35) at Christ Church College.

Times Newspaper Deaths. 13 Feb 1867. DEATH OF LORD FEVERSHAM. We regret to announce the death, after a short illness, of Lord Feversham, which occurred on Monday night at his residence in Great Cumberland Street. The late William Duncombe Baron Feversham, of Dancombe Park, County York, in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, was son of Charles first Lord by his marriage with Lady Charlotte Legge, only daughter of William, second Earl of Dartmouth. He was born on the 14th of January, 1798, so that he was in his 69th year. The deceased nobleman was educted at Eton, and afterwards proceeded to Christ Church, Oxford. He married l8th of December, 1823, Lady Louisa Stewart (63), third daugtter of George, eighth Earl of Galloway, by whom,who survives his Lordship, he leaves issue the Hon. Wiliam E. Duncombe (38), M.P., and Captain the Hon. Cecil Duncombe, of the 1st Life Guards, and three daughters, the Hon Jane, married l1th of April, 1849, to the Hon. Laurence Parsons; the Hon. Gertrude (39), married 27th of November 1&19, to Mr. Francis Horatio Fitzroy (43); and the Hon. Helen, married 18th of July, 1855, to Mr. William Becket Denison. Previously to his accession to tbe peerage on the death of his father in July, 1841, he represented Yorkshire in the House of Cormmons from 1826 to 1830. At the general election in 1831 he was unsuceessful candidatu for the coenty, but was returned for the North Riding in the following year, which he continued to represent till 18S1. He voted against the Reforzn Bill of 1832, and was uniformly in favour of agricultural protection. He took great interest in agricultural pursuit, And was a distinguished member of the Royal Agricultural Society, of which he was one of the trustees The deceased noblemna is succeded by his eldest son, the Hon. Wiliam Ernest Duncombe (38), above me6tioned, who was born January 28 1829, and married, August 7, 1851, Mabel Violet, second daughter of the late Right Hon. Sir James Graham, of Netherby. He was M.P. for East Retford from February, 1852, to 1857 and elected for the North Riding of Yorkshire inI 1859, anA was also returned at the last general election After a sharp contest, being second on the poll. He is Captain of the Yorkshire Yeomianry (Hussars) Cavalry, and Lientenent Colonel of the 2d North Riding like his deceased father, he is a supporter of Lord Derby, but in favour of such a measure of Parliamentary Reforms would give no undue preponderance to any one class, but would ensure to a fair distribution of political privileges.

Around 1754 Pompeo Batoni Painter 1708-1787. Portrait of William Legge 2nd Earl Dartmouth 1731-1801.

Works of Gildas surnamed "The Wise" translated from the Latin by J. A. Giles late Fellow of C. C. Coll. Oxford.

Charles Somerset Marquess Worcester 1660-1698 educated at Christ Church College.

Robert Sidney 2nd Earl of Leicester 1595-1677 educated at Christ Church College.

Francis Stewart 1589-1635 educated at Christ Church College.