Biography of Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland 1489-1541

1483 Death of Edward IV

1485 Battle of Bosworth

1486 Marriage of Henry VII and Elizabeth York

1488 Battle of Sauchieburn

1490 Arthur Tudor created Prince of Wales

1501 Marriage of Arthur Tudor and Catherine of Aragon

1502 Death of Prince Arthur

1503 Death of Elizabeth of York Queen Consort

1503 Margaret Tudor's journey to Scotland

1503 Marriage of James IV of Scotland and Margaret Tudor

1504 Henry Tudor created Prince of Wales

1509 Death of Henry VII

1509 Marriage of King Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon

1511 Birth and Death of Prince Henry

1513 Battle of Flodden

1514 Marriage of Mary Tudor and Louis XII of France

1525 Knighting of Henry Fitzroy

1533 Marriage of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn

1533 Marriage of Henry Fitzroy and Mary Howard

1536 Marriage of Henry VIII and Jane Seymour

1537 Birth and Christening Edward VI

1540 Marriage of Henry VIII and Anne of Cleves

1540 Marriage of Henry VIII and Catherine Howard

1603 Death of Queen Elizabeth I Accession of James I

In 1481 [her future brother-in-law] James Stewart 1st Duke Ross 1476-1504 (4) was created 1st Earl Ross.

Battle of Bosworth

On 22 Aug 1485 Richard III King England 1452-1485 (32) was killed during the Battle of Bosworth. His second cousin once removed [her father] Henry Tudor (28) succeeded VII King England.
Those supporting Henry Tudor included:
John Blount 3rd Baron Mountjoy 1450-1485 (35).
John Cheney 1st Baron Cheyne 1442-1499 (43).
Richard Guildford 1450-1506 (35).
Walter Hungerford 1464-1516 (21).
Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504 (50).
John Wingfield -1525.
Edward Woodville Lord Scales 1456-1488 (29).
Edward Courtenay 1st Earl Devon 1459-1509 (26).
Rhys ap Thomas Deheubarth 1449-1525 (36).
Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford 1431-1495 (53).
William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont 1438-1507 (47).
Giles Daubeney 1st Baron Daubeney 1451-1508 (34).
William Stanley Lord Chamberlain 1435-1495 (50).
Roger Kynaston of Myddle and Hordley 1433-1495 (52).
Henry Marney 1st Baron Marney 1447-1523 (38).
William Brandon 1456-1485 (29) was killed.
James Harrington 1430-1485 (55) was killed.
John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (60) was killed. He was buried firstly at Thetford Priory and therafter at Church of St Michael the Archangel Framlingham. His son Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (42) succeeded 13th Baron Mowbray 1C 1283, 14th Baron Segrave 2C 1295. Elizabeth Tilney Countess Surrey 1444-1497 (41) by marriage Baroness Mowbray, Baron Segrave 2C 1295.
John Sacheverell 1400-1485 (85) was killed.
Philibert Chandee 1st Earl Bath -1486,.
William Norreys 1441-1507 (44), Gilbert Talbot 1452-1517 (33), John Vere 13th Earl Oxford 1442-1513 (42) and John Savage 1444-1492 (41) commanded,.
Robert Poyntz 1450-1520 (35) was knighted.
Those who fought for Richard III included:
John Bourchier 6th Baron Ferrers Groby 1438-1495 (47).
John Conyers Sheriff of Yorkshire 1411-1490 (74).
Thomas Dacre 2nd Baron Dacre Gilsland 1467-1525 (17).
William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (59).
Richard Fitzhugh 6th Baron Fitzhugh 1457-1487 (28).
John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope Bolton 1437-1498 (48).
Thomas Scrope 6th Baron Scrope Masham 1459-1493 (26).
Henry Grey 4th or 7th Baron Grey Codnor 1435-1496 (50).
Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent 1416-1490 (68).
Ralph Neville 3rd Earl Westmoreland 1456-1499 (29).
John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 (23).
Humphrey Stafford 1426-1486 (59).
George Talbot 4th Earl Shrewsbury 4th Earl Waterford 1468-1538 (17).
Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (42) was wounded.
Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell 1456-1488 (29) fought and escaped.
John Zouche 7th Baron Zouche Harringworth 1459-1526 (26) was captured.
John Babington 1423-1485 (62), William Alington 1420-1485 (65), Robert Mortimer 1442-1485 (43), Robert Brackenbury -1485, Richard Ratclyffe 1430-1485 (55) and Richard Bagot 1412-1485 (73) were killed.

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Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck Painter 1460-1525 is believed to have painted the portrait of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.Around 1520 Unknown Painter. Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.

Marriage of Henry VII and Elizabeth York

On 18 Jan 1486 [her father] Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (28) and [her mother] Elizabeth, Edward IV's eldest daughter (19) were married at Westminster Abbey. They were third cousins. He a great x 3 grandson of King Edward III England. She a daughter of Edward IV King England 1442-1483. [her mother] She by marriage Queen Consort England.

Around 1675 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503. From a work of 1500.

On 20 Sep 1486 [her brother] Arthur Tudor Prince of Wales 1486-1502 was created as Duke Cornwall.

Around 1500. Unknown Painter. Portrait of Arthur Tudor Prince of Wales 1486-1502.

In 1488 [her future brother-in-law] James Stewart 1st Duke Ross 1476-1504 (11) was created 1st Duke Ross.

Battle of Sauchieburn

On 11 Jun 1488 James III King Scotland 1451-1488 (36) was killed in action or attempting to escape, at the Battle of Sauchieburn. His son [her future husband] James IV King Scotland 1473-1513 (15) succeeded IV King Scotland: Stewart.

On 28 Nov 1489 Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland 1489-1541 was born to [her father] Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (32) and [her mother] Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503 (23) at Westminster Palace.

On 28 Nov 1489 George Talbot 4th Earl Shrewsbury 4th Earl Waterford 1468-1538 (21) was godfather Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland 1489-1541.

After 28 Nov 1489 Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland 1489-1541 was baptised at St Margaret's Church.

On 29 Nov 1489 [her brother] Arthur Tudor Prince of Wales 1486-1502 (3) was created as Earl Chester 7C 1489.

Arthur Tudor created Prince of Wales

On 27 Feb 1490 [her brother] Arthur Tudor Prince of Wales 1486-1502 (3) was created Prince of Wales at Westminster Palace.
Thomas West 8th Baron De La Warr 5th Baron West 1457-1525 (33) was appointed Knight of the Bath.

On 28 Jun 1491 [her brother] Henry VIII was born to [her father] Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (34) and [her mother] Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503 (25) at Palace of Placentia. [her brother] He was created as Duke Cornwall.

1536 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Portrait of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547.1540 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Miniature portrait of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547.Around 1525 Unknown Painter. Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547.

In 1494 [her brother] Henry VIII (2) was created 1st Duke York 3C 1494.

On 21 Feb 1499 [her brother] Edmund Tudor 1st Duke Somerset 1499-1500 was born to [her father] Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (42) and [her mother] Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503 (33) at the Palace of Placentia being their sixth child. On 24 Feb 1499 he was christened at the Church of the Observant Friars. His godparents were [her grandmother] Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (55), Edward Stafford 3rd Duke of Buckingham 1478-1521 (21) and Richard Foxe Bishop 1448-1528 (51), then Bishop of Durham. [her brother] He is believed to have been created 1st Duke Somerset 3C 1499 on the same day although there is no documentation. On 19 Jun 1500 [her brother] he died at the Royal Palace, Hatfield; possibly of plague of which an outbreak was occuring. He was buried in Westminster Abbey.

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Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck Painter 1460-1525. Portrait of Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 in the Masters Lodge St John's College. Commissioned by John Fisher Bishop of Rochester 1469-1535. Note the Beaufort Arms on the wall beneath which is the Beafort Portcullis. Repeated in the window. She is wearing widow's clothes, or possibly that of a convent; Gabled Headress with Lappets. On 29 Mar 2019, St John's College, Cambridge, which she founded, announced the portrait was original work by Wewyck.

In 1501 [her illegitimate step-son] James Stewart 1st Earl Moray 1499-1544 (2) was created 1st Earl Moray 3C 1501 by his father [her future husband] James IV King Scotland 1473-1513 (27).

Marriage of Arthur Tudor and Catherine of Aragon

On 14 Nov 1501 [her brother] Arthur Prince of Wales (15) and Catherine of Aragon (15) were married at St Paul's Cathedral by Henry Deane Archbishop of Canterbury -1503 assisted by William Warham Bishop of London (51). They were half third cousins once removed. He a son of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Edward III England. and a further eighteen bishops.
[her aunt] Cecily York Viscountess Welles 1469-1507 (32) bore the train, Thomas Grey 2nd Marquess Dorset 1477-1530 (24) was Chief Answerer. Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl of Sussex 1483-1542 (18) and Edward Stafford 3rd Duke of Buckingham 1478-1521 (23) attended.
Thomas Englefield Speaker of the House of Commons 1453-1514 was appointed Knight of the Bath.
Immediately after their marriage [her brother] Arthur Prince of Wales (15) and Catherine of Aragon (15) resided at Tickenhill Manor Bewdley for a month.
Thereafter they travelled to Ludlow.

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Around 1497. Juan de Flandes Painter 1440-1519. Portrait of Catherine of Aragon or Joanna "The Mad" Trastámara Queen Castile 1479-1555.Around 1520 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Catherine of Aragon.Before 1532 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Portrait of William Warham Archbishop of Canterbury 1450-1532.Around 1620 based on a work of 1526.Unknown Painter. Portrait of William Warham Archbishop of Canterbury 1450-1532.

On 25 Jan 1502 Patrick Hepburn 1st Earl Bothwell 1452-1508 (50) stood proxy for [her future husband] James IV King Scotland 1473-1513 (28) at the betrothal with Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland 1489-1541 (12).

Death of Prince Arthur

On 02 Apr 1502 [her brother] Arthur Tudor Prince of Wales 1486-1502 (15) died at Ludlow Castle. See Death of Prince Arthur. The cause of death unknown other than being reported as "a malign vapour which proceeded from the air". Catherine of Aragon (16) had recovered.

Death of Elizabeth of York Queen Consort

On 02 Feb 1503 [her sister] Katherine Tudor 1503-1503 was born to [her father] Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (46) and [her mother] Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503 (36) at the Tower of London. She died eight days later on 10 Feb 1503.
On 11 Feb 1503 (her birthday) [her mother] Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503 (36) died from childbirth.

Margaret Tudor's journey to Scotland

On 27 Jun 1503 Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland 1489-1541 (13) left for Scotland at Richmond Palace accompanied by Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire and Ormonde 1477-1539 (26), Edward Howard 1476-1513 (27), Richard Neville 2nd Baron Latimer of Snape 1468-1530 (35) and Ralph Ogle 3rd Baron Ogle 1468-1513 (34).

Before 1537 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Portrait of Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire and Ormonde 1477-1539.

After 27 Jun 1503 Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland 1489-1541 stayed at Collyweston.

After 27 Jun 1503 Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland 1489-1541 stayed at York.

On 01 Aug 1503 Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland 1489-1541 (13) crossed the border into Scotland at Berwick on Tweed.

On 07 Aug 1503 Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland 1489-1541 (13) arrived at Edinburgh.

Marriage of James IV of Scotland and Margaret Tudor

On 08 Aug 1503 [her husband] James IV King Scotland 1473-1513 (30) and Margaret Tudor (13) were married. They were third cousins. He a great x 4 grandson of King Edward III England. She a daughter of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509. at Holyrood Abbey, Holyrood. Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (60) and James Hamilton 1st Earl Arran 1475-1529 (28) were present.
Cuthbert Cunningham 3rd Earl Glencairn 1476-1541 (27) restored 3rd Earl Glencairn.

On 18 Aug 1503 Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland 1489-1541 (13) by marriage Queen Consort Scotland.

On 20 Aug 1503 Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland 1489-1541 (13) attended mass at St Gile's Cathedral.

In Jan 1504 [her brother-in-law] James Stewart 1st Duke Ross 1476-1504 (27) died.

Henry Tudor created Prince of Wales

On 18 Feb 1504 [her brother] Henry VIII (12) was created Prince of Wales and Earl Chester 8C 1504. John Mordaunt 1st Baron Mordaunt 1480-1562 (24) was created as Knight of the Bath. Richard Empson 1450-1510 (54) was knighted.

On 21 Feb 1507 [her son] James Stewart 1st Duke Rothesay 1507-1508 was born to [her husband] James IV King Scotland 1473-1513 (33) and Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland 1489-1541 (17). He a grandson of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 at Holyrood Palace, Holyrood.

[her son] James Stewart 1st Duke Rothesay 1507-1508 (1) was created 1st Duke Rothesay. A year later on 27 Feb 1508 [her son] he died at Stirling Castle.

On 15 Jul 1508 [her daughter] Unamed Stillborn Stewart 1508- was born to [her husband] James IV King Scotland 1473-1513 (35) and Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland 1489-1541 (18). She a granddaughter of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 at Holyrood Palace, Holyrood.

In 1509 [her future husband] Archibald Douglas 6th Earl Angus 1489-1557 (20) and Margaret Hepburn Countess Angus were married.

Death of Henry VII

On 21 Apr 1509 [her father] Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (52) died of tuberculosis at Richmond Palace. His son [her brother] Henry VIII (17) succeeded VIII King England.

Marriage of King Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon

On 23 Jun 1509 [her brother] Henry VIII (17) and Catherine of Aragon (23) were married at the Church of the Observant Friars. They were half third cousins once removed. He a son of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Edward III England.

On 20 Oct 1509 [her son] Arthur Stewart 1st Duke Rothesay 1509-1510 was born to [her husband] James IV King Scotland 1473-1513 (36) and Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland 1489-1541 (19). He a grandson of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 at Holyrood Palace, Holyrood.

Before 26 Apr 1510 John Gordon -1517 and [her illegitimate step-daughter] Margaret Stewart 1497-1578 were married. They were half second cousins once removed. He a great x 4 grandson of King Edward III England. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Edward III England.

On 14 Jul 1510 [her son] Arthur Stewart 1st Duke Rothesay 1509-1510 died at Edinburgh Castle.

Birth and Death of Prince Henry

On 01 Jan 1511 [her nephew] Henry Tudor Duke Cornwall 1511-1511 was born to [her brother] Henry VIII (19) and Catherine of Aragon (25) at Richmond Palace. [her nephew] He was appointed Duke Cornwall at birth.
On 22 Feb 1511 [her nephew] Henry Tudor Duke Cornwall 1511-1511 died. He was buried at Westminster Abbey.

On 10 Apr 1512 [her son] James V King Scotland 1512-1542 was born to [her husband] James IV King Scotland 1473-1513 (39) and Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland 1489-1541 (22). He a grandson of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 at Linlithgow Palace, Linlithgow.

Around 1535 Corneille de Lyon Painter 1520-1575. Portrait of James V King Scotland 1512-1542.Around 1536 Corneille de Lyon Painter 1520-1575. Portrait of James V King Scotland 1512-1542.

In Nov 1512 [her daughter] Unamed Stillborn Stewart 1512- was born to [her husband] James IV King Scotland 1473-1513 (39) and Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland 1489-1541 (22). She a granddaughter of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 at Holyrood Palace, Holyrood.

Battle of Flodden

On 09 Sep 1513 at the Battle of Flodden was fought near Branxton__Northumberland. the English army was commanded by Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (70), Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (40), Edmund Howard 1478-1539 (35), Thomas Dacre 2nd Baron Dacre Gilsland 1467-1525 (45), Edward Stanley 1st Baron Monteagle 1462-1524 (51) and Marmaduke Constable 1457-1518 (56).
The English army included: Henry "Shepherd Lord" Clifford 10th Baron Clifford 1454-1523 (59), William Conyers 1st Baron Conyers 1468-1524 (44), Thomas Berkeley 5th Baron Berkeley 1472-1533 (41) and Richard Neville 2nd Baron Latimer of Snape 1468-1530 (45).
Randall Babington -1513, John Bigod 1475-1513 (38) and Thomas Fitzwilliam 1474-1513 (39) were killed.
Marmaduke Constable 1480-1545 (33), William Constable 1475-1551 (38), George Darcy 1st Baron Darcy Aston 1497-1558 (16), Edmund Walsingham 1480-1550 (33), Thomas Burgh 7th Baron Cobham Sternborough 5th Baron Strabolgi 1st Baron Burgh 1488-1550 (25) and Walter Stonor 1477-1551 (36) were knighted by Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (40).
Christopher Savage -1513, Thomas Venables 1469-1513 (44) and Brian Tunstall 1480-1513 (33) were killed.
Bryan Stapleton of Wighill 1458-1513 (55) was killed.(Some reports have him dying in 1518).
The Scottish army suffered heavy casualties.
[her husband] James IV King Scotland 1473-1513 (40) was killed. His son [her son] James V King Scotland 1512-1542 (1) succeeded V King Scotland: Stewart.
[her illegitimate step-son] Alexander Stewart Archbishop St Andrews 1493-1513 (20) was killed.
David Kennedy 1st Earl Cassilis 1470-1513 (43) was killed. His son Gilbert Kennedy 2nd Earl Cassilis 1494-1527 (18) succeeded 2nd Earl Cassilis. Isabel Campbell Countess Cassilis by marriage Countess Cassilis.
William Sinclair 2nd Earl Caithness 1459-1513 (54) was killed. His son John Sinclair 3rd Earl Caithness -1529 succeeded 3rd Earl Caithness.
Matthew Stewart 2nd Earl Lennox -1513 was killed. His son John Stewart 3rd Earl Lennox 1490-1526 (23) succeeded 3rd Earl Lennox 2C 1488.
William Hay 4th Earl Erroll -1513 was killed. His son William Hay 5th Earl Erroll 1495-1522 (18) succeeded 5th Earl Erroll.
John Douglas 2nd Earl Morton -1513 was killed. His son James Douglas 3rd Earl Morton -1553 succeeded 3rd Earl Morton, 6th Lord Dalkeith.
Adam Hepburn 2nd Earl Bothwell -1513 was killed. His son Patrick Hepburn 3rd Earl Bothwell 1512-1556 (1) succeeded 3rd Earl Bothwell.
Alexander Stewart 4th of Garlies 1481-1513 (32) was killed. His son Alexander Stewart 5th of Garlies 1507-1581 (6) succeeded 5th Master Garlies.
Alexander Elphinstone 1st Lord Elphinstone -1513 was killed. His son Alexander Elphinstone 2nd Lord Elphinstone 1510-1547 (3) succeeded 2nd Lord Elphinstone.
Thomas Hay -1513, George Hepburn Bishop Isles 1454-1513 (59), Adam Hepburn Master 1457-1513 (56), Thomas "Younger of Cushnie" Lumsden -1513,.
William Douglas 6th Lord Drumlanrig -1513 was killed. William "Younger" Douglas 7th Lord Drumlanrig -1572 succeeded 7th Lord Drumlanrig.
George Seton 5th Lord Seton -1513 was killed. His son George Seton 6th Lord Seton -1549 succeeded 6th Lord Seton.
John Hay 2nd Lord Hay -1513 was killed. His son John Hay 3rd Lord Hay -1543 succeeded 3rd Lord Hay of Yester. Elizabeth Douglas Lady Hay by marriage Lord Hay of Yester.
Robert Keith 1483-1525 (30), Guiscard Harbottle 1485-1513 (28), John Erskine -1513, David Home 1491-1513 (22). Henry 03 Lord Sinclair 1465-1513, Andrew Stewart 1st Lord Avondale 1470-1513 (43), James Traquair 1480-1513 (33), Archibald Campbell 2nd Earl Argyll 1449-1513 (64), Robert Douglas 1424-1513 (89), John Maxwell 4th Lord Maxwell -1513 was killed. Robert Maxwell 5th Lord Maxwell 1493-1552 (20) succeeded 5th Lord Maxwell.
William Murray 1470-1513 (43), Colin Oliphant 1487-1513 (26), William Ruthven -1513, George Douglas 1469-1513 (44) and William Douglas 1471-1513 (42) were killed.
George Home 4th Lord Home -1549 and John Stewart 2nd Earl Atholl 1475-1522 (38) fought.
Brothers David Lyon of Cossins -1513, William Lyon -1513 and George Lyon -1513 were killed.

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In Oct 1513 [her future husband] Archibald Douglas 6th Earl Angus 1489-1557 (24) succeeded 6th Earl Angus. Margaret Hepburn Countess Angus by marriage Countess Angus.

On 30 Apr 1514 [her son] Alexander Stewart 1st Duke Ross 1514-1515 was born to [her former husband] James IV King Scotland 1473-1513 (41) and Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland 1489-1541 (24) at Stirling Castle. He a grandson of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.

On 06 Aug 1514 [her future husband] Archibald Douglas 6th Earl Angus 1489-1557 (25) and Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland 1489-1541 (24) were married at Kinoul. She a daughter of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509. She by marriage Countess Angus.

Marriage of Mary Tudor and Louis XII of France

On 09 Oct 1514 Louis XII King France 1462-1515 (52) and [her sister] Mary Tudor Queen Consort France 1496-1533 (18) were married. They were second cousins twice removed. She a daughter of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509. at Abbeville, Somme. [her sister] She by marriage Queen Consort France. Thomas Grey 2nd Marquess Dorset 1477-1530 (37), Thomas West 8th Baron De La Warr 5th Baron West 1457-1525 (57), Thomas Brooke 8th Baron Cobham 1470-1529 (44) and his son George Brooke 9th Baron Cobham 1497-1558 (17), and Margaret Wotton Marchioness Dorset 1487-1535 (27) attended.

In 1544 Master John Painter. Portrait of Mary Tudor Queen Consort France 1496-1533.

In 1515 Harbottle Castle became the residence of [her future husband] Archibald Douglas 6th Earl Angus 1489-1557 (26) and Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland 1489-1541 (25) after they had been banished by John Stewart 2nd Duke Albany 1484-1536 (31).

In May 1515 Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545 (31) and [her sister] Mary Tudor Queen Consort France 1496-1533 (19) were married. She a daughter of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509. [her sister] She by marriage Duchess Suffolk. Around this time he surrendered the title Viscount Lisle 3C 1513 which he had been created in anticipation of this marrige to Viscount Lisle 3C 1513 which never took place.

Around 1543 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545.

On 08 Oct 1515 [her daughter] Margaret Douglas Countess Lennox 1515-1578 was born to [her future husband] Archibald Douglas 6th Earl Angus 1489-1557 (26) and Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland 1489-1541 (25) at Harbottle Castle. She a granddaughter of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.

On 18 Dec 1515 [her son] Alexander Stewart 1st Duke Ross 1514-1515 (1) died at Stirling Castle.

In or before 1523 John Drummond 2nd of Innerpeffray 1486-1565 (37) and [her illegitimate step-daughter] Margaret Stewart 1497-1578 (26) were married. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Edward III England.

Around 1525 Unknown Painter. French. Portrait of an Unknown Woman formerly known as Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland 1489-1541 (35).

Around 1525 Unknown Painter. French. Portrait of an Unknown Woman formerly known as Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland 1489-1541.

On 26 Feb 1525 Malcolm Fleming 3rd Lord Fleming 1494-1547 (31) and [her illegitimate step-daughter] Janet Stewart Lady Fleming 1502-1562 (22) were married. She a great x 4 granddaughter of King Edward III England. [her illegitimate step-daughter] She by marriage Lord Fleming.

Knighting of Henry Fitzroy

On 18 Jun 1525 [her nephew] Henry Fitzroy (6) was created 1st Duke of Richmond and Somerset by his father [her brother] Henry VIII (33) at Bridewell Palace.
Henry Percy 5th Earl of Northumberland 1478-1527 (47) carried the Sword of State. Thomas More Chancellor Speaker 1478-1535 (47) read the patents of nobility. Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545 (41), Thomas Grey 2nd Marquess Dorset 1477-1530 (47),
Henry Counrtenay (29) was created 1st Marquess Exeter 1C 1525. Gertrude Blount Marchioness Exeter 1503-1558 (22) by marriage Marchioness Exeter.
Henry Clifford (32) was created 1st Earl Cumberland, Warden of the West Marches and Governor of Carlisle Castle.
Thomas Manners (33) was created 1st Earl Rutland 3C 1525. Eleanor Paston Countess Rutland 1495-1551 (30) by marriage Countess Rutland.
[her nephew] Henry Brandon (2) was created 1st Earl Lincoln 7C 1525.
Robert Radclyffe (42) was created 1st Viscount Fitzwalter.

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1527 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Portrait of Thomas More Chancellor Speaker 1478-1535 wearing a Lancastrian Esses Collar with Beaufort Portcullis and Tudor Rose Pendant.

Before 03 Mar 1528 [her son] Henry Stewart 2nd Lord Methven 1528-1572 was born to [her husband] Henry Stewart 1st Lord Methven 1495-1552 and Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland 1489-1541. He a grandson of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.

On 03 Mar 1528 [her husband] Henry Stewart 1st Lord Methven 1495-1552 (33) and Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland 1489-1541 (38) were married. She a daughter of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.

In Aug 1529 [her illegitimate step-son] James Stewart 1st Earl Moray 1499-1544 (30) and Elizabeth Campbell Countess Moray Countess Sutherland -1547 were married. They were half second cousins once removed. He a great x 5 grandson of King Edward III England. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Edward III England. She by marriage Countess Moray.

After 13 Jan 1530 [her husband] Henry Stewart 1st Lord Methven 1495-1552 and Janet Stewart were married. She a great x 4 granddaughter of King Edward III England.

In 1533 Henry Grey 1st Duke Suffolk 1517-1554 (16) and [her niece] Frances Brandon Duchess of Suffolk 1517-1559 (15) were married. They were half second cousins. He a great x 5 grandson of King Edward III England. She a granddaughter of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509. [her niece] She by marriage Marchioness Dorset.

Marriage of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn

On 25 Jan 1533 [her brother] Henry VIII (41) and Anne Boleyn Queen Consort England (32) were married by Rowland Leigh Bishop Coventry and Lichfield (46) at Whitehall Palace. He a son of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509. Anne Savage Baroness Berkeley 1496-1546 (37), Thomas Heneage 1480-1553 (53) and Henry Norreys 1482-1536 (51) witnessed.
Sometime after the marriage Eleanor Paston Countess Rutland 1495-1551 (38) was appointed Lady in Waiting to Anne Boleyn Queen Consort England (32). She would go to serve Henry's next three wives.

Around 1580 based on a work of around 1534.Unknown Painter. Portrait of Anne Boleyn Queen Consort England.

On 25 Jun 1533 [her sister] Mary Tudor Queen Consort France 1496-1533 (37) died at Westhorpe.

Marriage of Henry Fitzroy and Mary Howard

On 28 Nov 1533 [her nephew] Henry Fitzroy Tudor 1st Duke Richmond and Somerset 1519-1536 (14) and Mary Howard Duchess Richmond and Somerset 1519-1557 (14) were married. They were third cousins. He a son of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547. She by marriage Duchess of Richmond and Somerset. Another coup for the Howard Family especially in view of Henry Fitzroy being considered by some as a possible heir in view of Anne Boleyn having given birth to a girl.

On 01 Mar 1534 [her nephew] Henry Brandon 1523-1534 (11) died at Southwark.

Marriage of Henry VIII and Jane Seymour

On 30 May 1536 [her brother] Henry VIII (44) and Jane Seymour (27) were married at Whitehall Palace by Stephen Gardiner Bishop of Winchester (53). He a son of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509. She by marriage Queen Consort England.
Eleanor Paston Countess Rutland 1495-1551 (41) was appointed Lady in Waiting to Jane Seymour Queen Consort England 1509-1537 (27).

1537 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Portrait of Jane Seymour Queen Consort England 1509-1537.

On 23 Jul 1536 [her nephew] Henry Fitzroy Tudor 1st Duke Richmond and Somerset 1519-1536 (17) died at St James's Palace. He was buried at Church of St Michael the Archangel Framlingham.

On 01 Jan 1537 [her son] James V King Scotland 1512-1542 (24) and [her daughter-in-law] Madeleine Valois Angoulême 1520-1537 (16) were married at Notre Dame de Paris Cathedral. They were third cousins once removed. He a grandson of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.

Birth and Christening Edward VI

On 15 Oct 1537 [her nephew] the future Edward VI was christened by John Stokesley Bishop of London 1475-1539 (62) at the Chapel Royal in Hampton Court Palace. Thomas Cranmer Archbishop of Canterbury 1489-1556 (48) performed the Baptismal Rites, and was appointed Godfather. Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (64) and [her niece] Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558 (21) were Godparents.
Henry Bourchier 2nd Earl Essex 3rd Count Eu -1540 carried the Salt. Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545 (53) was Godfather and supported the Marchioness of Exeter. Richard Long 1494-1546 (43) was knighted. Thomas Cromwell 1st Earl Essex 1485-1540 (52), Philip Boteler 1492-1545 (45), John Vere 15th Earl Oxford 1471-1540 (66) and John Gage Lord Chamberlain 1479-1556 (57) attended. Mary Scrope 1476-1548 (61) carried Lady Mary's train. Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl of Sussex 1483-1542 (54) carried a covered basin. Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl of Sussex 1483-1542 (54) carried the canopy.
Edward Seymour 1st Duke Somerset 1500-1552 (37) helped his young niece the future Elizabeth I to carry the Crisom. Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter 1496-1538 (41) supported his wife Gertrude Blount Marchioness Exeter 1503-1558 (34) to carry the child. Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire and Ormonde 1477-1539 (60) bore a taper of virgin wax. William Fitzalan 18th Earl Arundel 1476-1544 (61) carried the train of the Prince's robe. Christopher Barker Garter King of Arms -1550 proclaimed the Prince's titles. Arthur Hopton 1489-1555 (48) attended.
Edward Seymour 1st Duke Somerset 1500-1552 (37) was created 1st Earl Hertford 2C 1537, 1st Viscount Beauchamp.
[her nephew] Edward VI King England and Ireland 1537-1553 was created as Duke Cornwall, Earl Chester 9C 1537.
Nicholas Carew (41), Francis Bryan, Anthony Browne 1500-1548 (37) and John Russell 1st Earl Bedford 1485-1555 (52) surrounded the font.
Henry Knyvet of Charlton Wiltshire 1510-1547 (27), Edward Neville 1471-1538 (66), Thomas Seymour 1st Baron Seymour of Sudeley 1508-1549 (29), Richard Long 1494-1546 (43) and John Wallop 1490-1551 (47) carried the canopy.
Bishop Robert Parfew aka Warton -1557 and Bishop John Bell -1556 attended.

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Around 1540 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Portrait of Edward VI King England and Ireland 1537-1553Around 1546 Unknown Painter. After William Scrots Painter 1517-1553. Portrait of Edward VI King England and Ireland 1537-1553.Around 1547. Workshop of Master John Painter. Portrait of Edward VI King England and Ireland 1537-1553.1533 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Portrait of Thomas Cranmer Archbishop of Canterbury 1489-1556.In 1544 Gerlach Flicke Painter 1520-1558. Portrait of Thomas Cranmer Archbishop of Canterbury 1489-1556.Around 1554 Antonis Mor Painter 1517-1577. Portrait of Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558.Around 1556 Hans Eworth Painter 1520-1574. Portrait of Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558.Around 1625 based on a work of 1532.Unknown Painter. Portrait of Thomas Cromwell 1st Earl Essex 1485-1540.

Letters and Papers Foreign and Domestic Henry VIII Volume 12 Jun Dec 1537. 13 Nov 1537. 1079. Queen Margaret (47) to [her brother] Henry VIII (46).
Rejoices that he has a prince. Hopes he is informed both by her own writings sent with the herald Master Svallo and the information sent to Sir Tomas Qwarton, how she is treated. Trusts Henry will not let her be wronged daily. Would sooner be dead than remain in such trouble as she has been in since Master Sadler's departure. Desires only to "brwk" her lands given her by the King her father and confirmed by the three estates of this realm; of which she is only debarred by [her husband] lord Meffen (42). Has her sentence of divorce ready to be pronounced written and concluded with forty "famos prewes" (proofs), but the [her son] King her son (25) supports [her husband] Meffen (42), as her husband, in possession of her lands. When she passed to her land the forest of Ettrick the King her son accused her of intending to marry "him that was earl of Angus," which Henry knows she had never a mind to do. Her son will only let her "depart bed and bwred," which is unjust, and fears she will pass into England. Trusts Henry will for his own honor refuse redress on the Borders till she has her due. Is now 49 years old and should not travel like a poor gentlewoman, following her son from place to place as she has done for 20 weeks past. 13 Oct.

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Letters and Papers Foreign and Domestic Henry VIII Volume 12 Jun Dec 1537. 14 Nov 1537. 1086. Queen Margaret of Scotland (47) to Cromwell (52).
I thank you for your writing by the King my brother's servant and for the joyful tidings that God has sent him a prince. Complains of her ill treatment and begs Cromwell's help. Desires her letters to the King and him to be kept secret. 14 October (sic). Signature cut off.

On 18 Jun 1538 [her son] James V King Scotland 1512-1542 (26) and [her daughter-in-law] Mary of Guise Queen Consort Scotland 1515-1560 (22) were married. They were third cousins. He a grandson of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509. at St Andrew's Cathedral Priory, St Andrew's. [her daughter-in-law] She by marriage Queen Consort Scotland.

Marriage of Henry VIII and Anne of Cleves

On 06 Jan 1540 [her brother] Henry VIII (48) and Anne of Cleves (24) were married by Thomas Cranmer Archbishop of Canterbury 1489-1556 (50) at Palace of Placentia. He a son of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509. Anne of Cleves (24) was crowned Queen Consort England.
Eleanor Paston Countess Rutland 1495-1551 (45) was appointed Lady in Waiting to Anne of Cleves (24).

Around 1539 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Portrait of Anne of Cleves.

Marriage of Henry VIII and Catherine Howard

On 28 Jul 1540 [her brother] Henry VIII (49) and Catherine Howard (17) were married at Oatlands Palace. He a son of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509. She by marriage Queen Consort England.
Eleanor Paston Countess Rutland 1495-1551 (45) was appointed Lady in Waiting to Catherine Howard Queen Consort England 1523-1542 (17).

On 18 Oct 1541 Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland 1489-1541 (51) died at Methven Castle, Methven. She was buried at Carthusian Charterhouse, Perth.

Around 1543 [her husband] Archibald Douglas 6th Earl Angus 1489-1557 (54) and Margaret Maxwell Countess Angus were married. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Edward III England. She by marriage Countess Angus.

Wriothesley's Chronicle Edward VI 5th Year 1551-1552. 02 Nov 1551. The 2 of November, beinge Monday, the sayd Quene (61) came by water from the Kinges pallace of Hampton Court, and landed at Pawles Wharfe in the aftemone, and so rode from thence to the Bishopes place, accompanied with divers noblemen and ladyes of England [sent] to receive her, where at her entry the Cities provision was ready with a bill of the same, and presented by the Chamberlaine of London.

In 1552 [her husband] Henry Stewart 1st Lord Methven 1495-1552 (57) died. His son [her son] Henry Stewart 2nd Lord Methven 1528-1572 (23) succeeded 2nd Lord Methven.

On 22 Jan 1557 [her husband] Archibald Douglas 6th Earl Angus 1489-1557 (68) died at Tantallon Castle. His nephew David Douglas 7th Earl Angus 1515-1558 (42) succeeded 7th Earl Angus.

Death of Queen Elizabeth I Accession of James I

On 24 Mar 1603 [her niece] Elizabeth I (69) died at Richmond Palace around three in the morning.
James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625 (36) succeeded I King England Scotland and Ireland. He was Elizabeth's second cousin being the son of Mary Queen of Scots (60) who was the daughter of Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland 1489-1541 daughter of [her father] Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.
Immediately following her death Robert Carey 1st Earl Monmouth 1560-1639 (43) started on horseback for Edinburgh to inform James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625 (36) arriving at Holyrood Palace late on the 26 Mar 1603. His conduct met with general disapproval and merited censure as contrary to all decency, good manners and respect. George Carew -1612 and Thomas Lake 1561-1630 (41) were sent by the Council to formally inform James VI's death.

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Around 1546. William Scrots Painter 1517-1553. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland before her accession painted for her father.Around 1570 Hans Eworth Painter 1520-1574. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland.In 1579 George Gower Painter 1540-1596. The Plimton Sieve Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland.Around 1585 William Segar Painter 1554-1663. Ermine Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland.Around 1592 Marcus Gheeraerts Painter 1562-1636. The Ditchley Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland.After 1585 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland.Around 1563 Steven van der Meulen Painter -1564. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland. Around 1600 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 painted the portrait of James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625.Around 1605 John Critz Painter 1551-1642. Portrait of James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625 with Garter Collar and Leg Garter.In 1621 Daniel Mijtens Painter 1590-1648. Portrait of James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625 wearing his Garter Collar and Leg Garter.Around 1632 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625.In 1583 Pieter Bronckhorst Painter -1583. Portrait of James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625.Around 1559 François Clouet Painter 1510-1572. Portrait of Mary Queen of Scots 1542-1587.Around 1576 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Mary Queen of Scots 1542-1587.In 1576. After Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619. Portrait of Mary Queen of Scots 1542-1587.

[her son] Arthur Stewart 1st Duke Rothesay 1509-1510 was created 1st Duke Rothesay.

Death of Edward IV

Mémoires de Philippe de Commynes Chapter 6 Section 8. Dès l'heure que le roy Edouard fut mort, le Roy nostre maistre en fut adverty, et n'en feit nulle joye quant il le sceut:
From the hour that [her grandfather] King Edward IV died, the King our master was made aware, and took no joy in it [Note. Not clear what il le sceut means!]
et peu de jours après receut lettres du duc de Clocestre, qui s'estoit faict roy d'Angleterre1, et se signoit Richard, lequel avoit faict mourir les deux filz du roy Edouard son frère.
And few days after he received letters from the Duke of Gloucester, who had become the King of England, and signed Richard, who had caused the death of the two sons [Note. The Princes in the Tower [her uncle] Edward V King England 1470- and [her uncle] Richard of Shrewsbury 1st Duke York 1473-] of [her grandfather] King Edward his brother.
Lequel roy Richard requeroit l'amytié du Roy, et croy qu'il eust bien voulu ravoir reste pension;
King Richard wanted the friendship of the King, and belived he would continue to receive the pension;
mais le Roy ne voulut respondre à ses lettres, ne ouyr le messagier, et l'estima très cruel et mauvais:
but the King didn't want to respond to the letters, nor hear the messanger, and considered him very cruel and bad:
car, après le trespas dudict roy Edouard, ledict duc de Clocestre avoit faict hommaige à son nepveu, comme à son roy et souverain seigneur, et incontinent après commit ce cas.
since, after the [Note. didict? Possibly dudit ie said] crime against King Edward, the Duke of Gloucester gave homage to his nephew, as his King and sovereign lord, and [Note. incontinent?] after commited this case.
Et, en plain parlement d'Angleterre, feit desgrader deux filles dudict roy Edouard et desclarer bastardes, soubz couleur3 qu'il prouva par ung evesque de Bas4 en Angleterre
And, in the parliament of England, had degraded the two daughters of the said [her grandfather] King of England and declared them bastards, on the pretext of the evidence of a Bishop of Bath in England
(qui aultresfois avoit eu grant credit avec ledict roy Edouard, et puis le desappoincta, et le tint en prison, et puis le ranconna d'une somme d'argent):
(who formerley had great credit with the King Edward then disappointed him, and held him in prison, and then ransomed himself with a sum of money)
lequel evesque disoit que ledict roy Edouard avoit promis foy de mariaige à une dame d'Angleterre (qu'il nommoit)5 pour ce qu'il en estoit amoureux, pour en avoir son plaisir;
which Bishop said that [her grandfather] King Edward had promised [Note. foy? ] marriage to an English lady [who he named] who he was in love with, to have his pleasure; [See Edward IV marries Eleanor Talbot possibly].
et en avoit faict la promesse en la main dudict evesque, et, sur ceste promesse, coucha avec elle: et ne le faisoit que pour la tromper.
and had made this promise in the presence of the Bishop, and, on this promise, slept with her: and did this to deceive her. See The Princes of the Tower described as Illegitimate.
Toutesfois telz jeux sont bien dangereux, tesmoing ces enseignes. J'ay veu beaucoup de gens de court qui, une bonne adventure qui leur eust pleu en tel cas, ilz ne l'eussent point perdue par faulte de promettre.
Nevertheless such games are very dangerous, [Note. tesmoing?] these signs. I saw alot of courtiers who, having the opportunity of such an adventure, would not have lost it for the sake of a promise.
Et ce mauvais evesque garda ceste vengeance en son cueur, par adventure vingt ans; mais il luy en meschut:
And this bad Bishop guarded revenge in his heart, for twenty years; but he is in [Note. meshut?]:
car il avoit ung filz, qu'il aymoit fort, à qui ledict roy Richard vouloit faire de grans biens et luy faire espouser l'une de ces deux filles, desgradees de leur dignité, laquelle de présent est royne d'Angleterre et a deux beaux enfans.
because he had a son, who he loved very much, whom King Richard wished to do great things and to marry one of the two daughters, beneath their dignity, one of whom is now the present [her mother] Queen of England and has two beautiful children [Note. [her brother] Arthur Tudor Prince of Wales 1486-1502 and Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland 1489-1541].

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1876. John Everett Millais Painter Baronet 1829-1896. "The Two Princes". An imagined portrait of the Princes in the Tower Edward V King England 1470- and Richard of Shrewsbury 1st Duke York 1473-.

[her daughter] Joan Stewart Countess Argyll was born to Henry Stewart 1st Lord Methven 1495-1552 and Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland 1489-1541. She a granddaughter of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.

[her daughter] Margaret Stewart was born to Henry Stewart 1st Lord Methven 1495-1552 and Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland 1489-1541. She a granddaughter of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.

[her son] Alexander Stewart 1st Duke Ross 1514-1515 was created 1st Duke Ross.

[her daughter] Dorothea Stewart was born to Henry Stewart 1st Lord Methven 1495-1552 and Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland 1489-1541. She a granddaughter of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.